South Hanover Township, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania

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For other townships in Pennsylvania with similar names, see Hanover Township, Pennsylvania..
South Hanover Township, Pennsylvania
Township
Northeast corner South Hanover Twp.jpg
Location in Dauphin County and state of Pennsylvania.
Location in Dauphin County and state of Pennsylvania.
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Dauphin
Incorporated 1842
Area
 • Total 11.4 sq mi (30 km2)
 • Land 11.3 sq mi (29 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Population (2000)
 • Total 4,793
 • Density 425.8/sq mi (164.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 717

South Hanover Township is a township in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 4,793 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

South Hanover Township was originally a part of Paxtang Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. On March 4, 1785 the County of Dauphin was formed from Lancaster County, with borders roughly matching those of Paxtang Township. By about 1787 Paxtang was separated into Upper, Middle and Lower Paxtang Townships. Lower Paxtang Township embraced the areas now known as Lower Swatara, Swatara, Lower Paxton, Derry and Susquehanna Townships.

By action of the court of Lancaster in 1785, East Hanover and West Hanover townships separated from Derry Township.[1]

On March 4, 1842 East and West Hanover Townships of Dauphin County were finally designated as separate governmental precincts, and South Hanover separated from West Hanover. Hence, South Hanover was established in 1842 as 11.3 square miles.

In 1845, the Village of Union Deposit was laid out. It has two dry goods stores, two shoe stores, one millinery store, a tailor shop, a hotel, an iron ore furnace, a flour mill, a wagon factory, a warehouse, a brick yard, and two resident physicians. The early business activity was stimulated by the Union Canal whose virgin barge trip occurred in 1828.

Hoernerstown became a crossroads village from land originally owned by Major John Hoerner. It was named after the Major's father Andrew who emigrated from Prussia in 1755. "A History of Hoernerstown" by Edith Wert is eighteen pages of Enlightenment.

Sand Beach, the cluster of homes in the extreme eastern part of the township, lies at the point where the Manada Creek flows into the Swatara Creek originally called Manadaville.

The original Hanover Township was organized at a session of the Lancaster County Court in 1736-1737. In 1785 it was then divided into two separate and distinct townships, named East Hanover and West Hanover. These two townships were divided by Raison Creek until 1813. During this year Lebanon County was also split away from Dauphin County. This split placed East Hanover in Lebanon County and West Hanover in Dauphin County. On March 4, 1842, the original West Hanover Township was split into East and South Hanover Townships.

The principal settlement in South Hanover Township from 1750-1791 was called Unionford. The town was only a fort with six outposts. At one outpost (Milton Hershey Farm Unit 15) was a triangular tower used as a lookout. At the time of the fort, there were only two roads. In 1845, Phillip Wolfsberger and Issac Hershey laid out the land and called it the Village of Union Deposit. The name came about due to the area's use as a place to deposit goods meant to be transported on the Union Canal. Much of Union Deposit's early commercial success as a principal settlement in South Hanover Township stems from the past relationship the area had with a canal along the Swatara Creek. The canal was an important component of the community and was instrumental in its growth.

Hoernerstown, a smaller settlement to the west of Union Deposit, became a crossroads village from land owned by Major John Hoerner. It was named after the Major's father Andrew Hoerner, who acquired a land grant, which was later divided into farms with a small portion left for the village. The southwestern and northern sections of South Hanover Township still remains primary agricultural area. Sand Beach, the cluster of homes in the extreme eastern part of the township, lies at the point where the Manada Creek flows into the Swatara Creek originally was called Manadaville. The town is known for the 220 foot covered bridge built in 1906 that crossed the Swatara Creek between Derry Township and South Hanover Township. The bridge, restored by Hershey Enterprises in 1964, burned the night of September 3, 1966. Business and industry in this little town included a sawmill, grist mill, cabinet shop, store and schoolhouse.

In the Village of Union Deposit, Hoernerstown, and the many farms and structures scattered throughout South Hanover Township, there is a thriving and rich architectural character that is of infinite value. Through responsible planning and leadership at the local level, not only can the actual structures be maintained for future appreciation, but such efforts will preserve the culture and heritage that shares these places.[2]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 11.4 square miles (29.5 km²), of which, 11.3 square miles (29.2 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (1.14%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 4,793 people, 1,706 households, and 1,400 families residing in the township. The population density was 425.8 people per square mile (164.4/km²). There were 1,772 housing units at an average density of 157.4/sq mi (60.8/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 97.62% White, 0.33% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.94% Asian, 0.08% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.79% of the population.

There were 1,706 households out of which 39.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.6% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.9% were non-families. 14.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the township the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.7 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $64,010, and the median income for a family was $67,288. Males had a median income of $47,188 versus $29,797 for females. The per capita income for the township was $29,213. About 1.7% of families and 1.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 1.0% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ History of South Hanover Township. SouthHanover.org. Retrieved on 2013-05-10.
  2. ^ South Hanover Township Historical Society
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 40°18′00″N 76°41′59″W / 40.30000°N 76.69972°W / 40.30000; -76.69972