South Jeolla Province

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Coordinates: 34°45′N 127°0′E / 34.750°N 127.000°E / 34.750; 127.000

South Jeolla Province
전라남도
Province
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • McCune‑Reischauer Chŏllanam-do
 • Revised Romanization Jeollanam-do
Official logo of South Jeolla Province
Logo
Location of South Jeolla Province
Country South Korea
Region Honam
Capital Muan
Subdivisions 5 cities; 17 counties
Government
 • Governor Park Joon-yung
Area
 • Total 12,247 km2 (4,729 sq mi)
Area rank 3rd
Population (October, 2014)
 • Total 1,902,324
 • Rank 6th
 • Density 142/km2 (370/sq mi)
Metropolitan Symbols
 • Flower Camellia Japonica
 • Tree Ginkgo
 • Bird Streptopelia Orientalis
Dialect Jeolla
Website jeonnam.go.kr (English)

South Jeolla Province, or Jeollanam-do, is a province in the southwest of South Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the southern half of the former Jeolla province, remained a province of Korea until the country's division in 1945, then became part of South Korea. Gwangju was the capital of the province, until the provincial office moved to the southern village of Namak, Muan County in 2005.

Geography[edit]

The province is part of the Honam region, and is bounded on the west by the Yellow Sea, on the north by Jeollabuk-do Province, on the south by Jeju Strait, and on the east by Gyeongsangnam-do.

There are almost 2,000 islands along the coastline, about three quarters of which are uninhabited. The coastline is about 6,100 kilometres (3,800 mi) long. Some of the marine products, in particular oyster and seaweed cultivation, are leading in South Korea.

The province is only partially mountainous. The plains along the rivers Seomjin, Yeongsan and Tamjin create a large granary. There is abundant rainfall in the area, which helps agriculture. The province is also home to the warmest weather on the peninsula. This helps to produce large amounts of agricultural produce, mainly rice, wheat, barley, pulses and potatoes. Vegetables, cotton and fruits are also grown in the province.

A small amount of gold and coal is mined in the province, but industries have also been developed in the area.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Jeollanam-do is divided into 5 cities (si) and 17 counties (gun). Listed below is the name of each entity in English, hangul, and hanja.

Yeosu
Mokpo
Map # Name Hangul Hanja Population (2012)[1]
South Jeolla Municipal.svg
City
1 Yeosu 여수시 麗水市 296,479
2 Mokpo 목포시 木浦市 247,207
3 Suncheon 순천시 順天市 270,274
4 Gwangyang 광양시 光陽市 144,129
5 Naju 나주시 羅州市 93,237
County
6 Muan 무안군 務安郡 71,294
7 Haenam 해남군 海南郡 81 321
8 Goheung 고흥군 高興郡 76,118
9 Hwasun 화순군 和順郡 70,757
10 Yeongam 영암군 靈巖郡 64,596
11 Yeonggwang 영광군 靈光郡 58,026
12 Wando 완도군 莞島郡 54 867
13 Damyang 담양군 潭陽郡 48,329
14 Boseong 보성군 寶城郡 49,940
15 Jangseong 장성군 長城郡 47,231
16 Jangheung 장흥군 長興郡 42,643
17 Gangjin 강진군 康津郡 41,160
18 Sinan 신안군 新安郡 46,007
19 Hampyeong 함평군 咸平郡 37,528
20 Jindo 진도군 珍島郡 34,486
21 Gokseong 곡성군 谷城郡 32,896
22 Gurye 구례군 求禮郡 27,765

Sister cities and provinces[edit]

Religion[edit]






Circle frame.svg

Religion in South Jeolla (2005)[3]

  Not religious (53.4%)
  Protestantism (21.8%)
  Buddhism (16.1%)
  Catholicism (8.7%)

According to the census of 2005, of the people of South Jeolla 30.5% follow Christianity (21.8% Protestantism and 8.7% Catholicism) and 16.1% follow Buddhism.[3] 53.4% of the population is mostly not religious or follow Muism and other indigenous religions.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistics". South Jeolla Province. Retrieved 2013-07-19. 
  2. ^ "Background Brief on International Trade" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-07-21. 
  3. ^ a b 2005 Census - Religion Results

External links[edit]