South Kalimantan

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South Kalimantan
Kalimantan Selatan
Province
Official seal of South Kalimantan
Seal
Motto: Haram Manyarah Waja Sampai Kaputing (Banjarese)
(Spirit as strong as steel from the start until the end)
Location of South Kalimantan in Indonesia
Location of South Kalimantan in Indonesia
Coordinates: 2°30′S 115°30′E / 2.500°S 115.500°E / -2.500; 115.500Coordinates: 2°30′S 115°30′E / 2.500°S 115.500°E / -2.500; 115.500
Country Indonesia
Capital Banjarmasin
Government
 • Governor Drs. H. Rudi Arifin
Area
 • Total 38,744.23 km2 (14,959.23 sq mi)
Population (2014)[1]
 • Total 3,913,908
 • Density 100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups Banjarese (76%), Javanese (13%) [2]
 • Religion Islam (96.67%), Protestantism (1.32%), Roman Catholicism (0.44%), Hinduism (0.44%)Buddhism (0.32%), Confucianism (0.01%)
 • Languages Indonesian (official), Banjarese
Time zone WITA (UTC+8)
Website http://www.kalselprov.go.id
Alabio Duck Monument in Amuntai Town.

South Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Selatan) is a province of Indonesia. It is located in Kalimantan, the Indonesian territory of Borneo. The provincial capital is Banjarmasin. The population of South Kalimantan was recorded at just over 3.625 million people at the 2010 Census;[1] the latest official estimate (for January 2014) is 3,913,908.

One of five Indonesian provinces in Kalimantan, it is bordered by the Makassar Strait in the east, Central Kalimantan in the west and north, the Java Sea in the south, and East Kalimantan in the north.

Geography[edit]

About three quarters of the province is flat and less than 100m above sea level, while about 8,000 km² are swampland. The Meratus Mountains are situated approximately along the south-western part to the north-eastern part of the province, dividing the flat area into two. Its highest peak is Gunung Besar with 1,892 metres.

The annual rainfall intensity is high, ranging between 2,000 and 3,700 mm. The mean number of rainy days per year is 120. Barito is the main river, used as a transportation route to the northern part of the province and to Central Kalimantan. Other smaller rivers are mostly springing from the Meratus Mountains.

The main natural resources in South Kalimantan are forest and coal. Coal deposits are found over almost the whole province, and in some places they are exploited commercially. Other minor resources are oil, gold, gem stones, quartz sand, phosphate and granite.[3]

Administration[edit]

There are nine regencies (Kabupaten) and two cities (kota) in South Kalimantan as listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census and according to the latest official estimate (for January 2014)[4] together with their administrative capitals:

Name Area in
Sq.kms.
Population
2010 Census
Population
2014 estimate
Capital
Banjarbaru City 371.00 199,627 215,440 Banjarbaru
Banjarmasin City 72.00 625,481 675,030 Banjarmasin
Balangan Regency 1,878.30 112,430 121,336 Paringin
Banjar Regency 4,668.00 506,839 546,990 Martapura
Barito Kuala Regency 2,996.46 276,147 298,023 Marabahan
Central Hulu Sungai Regency
(Hulu Sungai Tenhah)
1,472.00 243,460 262,746 Barabai
Kotabaru Regency 9,482.73 290,142 313,126 Kotabaru
North Hulu Sungai Regency
(Hulu Sungai Utara)
892.70 209,246 225,822 Amuntai
South Hulu Sungai Regency
(Hulu Sungai Selatan)
1,804.94 212,485 229,318 Kandangan
Tabalong Regency 3,766.97 218,620 235,939 Tanjung
Tanah Bumbu Regency 5,006.96 267,929 289,154 Batulicin
Tanah Laut Regency 3,631.35 296,333 319,808 Pelaihari
Tapin Regency 2,700.82 167,877 181,176 Rantau
Total 38,744.23 3,626,616 3,913,908

Economy[edit]

In 2010, South Kalimantan's exports grew by 27%, the highest increase among all Indonesian provinces. The province's total exports rank seventh out of all provinces.[5]

In 2008 the number of visitors to the province was 339,000 of which 21,000 were international visitors, mostly from China, Philippines and India.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1971 1,699,105 —    
1980 2,064,649 +21.5%
1990 2,597,572 +25.8%
1995 2,893,477 +11.4%
2000 2,985,240 +3.2%
2010 3,626,616 +21.5%
Source: Badan Pusat Statistik 2010

Right after Indonesia's proclamation of independence (17 August 1945), the government under Soekarno and Hatta appointed Ir. H. Pangeran Muhammad Noor as the governor of the whole of Kalimantan on 18 August 1945; its capital was Banjarmasin. Later on, it was decided to divide the area into several provinces. On 7 December 1956, the province of South Kalimantan was formed out of these areas: Kotawaringin, Dayak Besar (Great Dayak), Daerah Banjar (Banjar Region), and the Federation of Southeast Kalimantan. Later on, Pasir regency (a part of the Southeast Kalimantan Federation) was transferred to the province of East Kalimantan instead. Furthermore, on 23 May 1957, Kotawaringin and Dayak Besar removed themselves from South Kalimantan to form their own province, Central Kalimantan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Central Bureau of Statistics: Census 2010, retrieved 17 January 2011 (Indonesian)
  2. ^ "INDONESIA: Population and Administrative Divisions" (PDF). The Permanent Committee on Geographical Names. 2003. 
  3. ^ Hermawan Indrabudi: Forestland: Its dynamics, disorganised uses and planning in South Kalimantan, Indonesia, 2002, ISBN 90-5808-744-1
  4. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2014.
  5. ^ "S. Kalimantan export growth the best in RI". August 13, 2011.