The Republic of Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea were simultaneously admitted to the United Nations (UN) in 1991. On 8 August 1991, the UN Security Council passed United Nations Security Council Resolution 702, recommending both states to the UN General Assembly for membership. On 17 September 1991, the General Assembly admitted both countries under Resolution 46/1.
In 1948, the Republic of Korea was officially recognized by the UN General Assembly. Since then, South Korea participated in the GA as an observer.
In 1950, North Korea invaded South Korea, and the Korean War commenced. The UN Security Council took an action in Korea.
Coming with change of recognition in 1974 of the Chinese seat, North Korea gained observer status. North Korea has never held a seat on the UN Security Council.
South Korea was elected to a non-permanent seat of the UN Security Council in the 1995 election for a two-year period (1996-7), and is also a current member of the Council for 2013-14, elected in the 2012 election. In 2001, Han Seung-soo of South Korea held the presidency of the General Assembly. In 2007, Ban Ki-moon from South Korea was elected as the Secretary-General of the United Nations. He was re-elected in 2011.
- ^ http://www.un.org/en/members/#d
- ^ The recognition was refused by Soviet Union and other communist states at the first time.