South Korean legislative election, 2008

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South Korean legislative election, 2008
South Korea
2004 ←
9 April 2008 → 2012

All 299 seats to the National Assembly of South Korea
150 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 46.0%
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Kang Jae-seop.jpg Son Hak-Gyu.jpg Lee Hoi-chang (2010).jpg
Leader Kang Jae-seop Son Hak-gyu Lee Hoi-chang
Party Grand National United Democratic Liberty Forward
Leader since 11 July 2006 17 February 2008 1 February 2008
Leader's seat Daegu Seo-gu Jongno-gu (lost seat) Hongseong
Last election 121 seats, 35.8% 161 seats, 45.4% None
Seats before 112 136 9
Seats won 153 81 18
Seat change Increase41 Decrease55 Increase9
Popular vote 6,421,654 4,313,111 1,173,463
Percentage 37.4% 25.1% 6.8%
Swing Increase1.6% Decrease20.3% Steady0.0%

South Korean Legislative Election 2008 districts 1.svg

legislative districts majority

- GNP - UDP – LFP – Pro-Park - DLP - CKP - Independent factions

Emblem of South Korea.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
South Korea
Constitution

Legislative elections were held in South Korea on April 9, 2008.[1] The conservative Grand National Party won 153 of 299 seats while the main opposition United Democratic Party won 81 seats.[2] This election marked the lowest-ever voter turnout of 46.0%.[3]

Parties and Coalitions[edit]

As of April 9, 2008, there are six political parties represented in the 18th National Assembly of South Korea, in addition to independents:

  • United Democratic Party (통합민주당, Tongham Minju-dang), led by Son Hak-gyu. The current major liberal party within the National Assembly. (81 seats won)
    • United Democratic Party is now known as Democratic Party (민주당 Minju-dang).
  • Pro-Park Geun-hye Coalition (친박연대, Chin-bak Yeon-dae), led by Seo Cheong-won, although their inspirational leader is former GNP leader Park Geun-hye. A conservative coalition with Park Geun-hye within the National Assembly that broke away from the GNP after a dispute on the GNP's candidate nomination, which happened just before the election. (14 seats won)
  • Democratic Labour Party (민주노동당, Minju Nodong-dang), led by Chun Young-se. A minor but the most progressive party within the 18th National Assembly, against both the Grand Nationals and Democrats. (5 seats won)
  • Renewal of Korea Party (창조한국당, Changjo Hanguk-dang), led by Moon Kook-hyun. A minor but pro-environmental liberal party within the National Assembly, against the Grand Nationals. (3 seats won)
  • (no seats) The New Progressive Party (진보신당) Jinbo Shin-dang), led by Sim Sang-jeong and Roh Hoe-chan, won 2.94% votes but not enough to gain any seats. The New Progressive Party split from the Democratic Labour Party as a reaction to nationalism after the 2007 presidential elections.

Results[edit]

5
81
3
25
18
14
153
D
L
P
United Democratic Party
C
K
P
Ind.
L
F
P
Pro
Park
Grand National Party

The national summary of votes and seats by party follow:

e • d Summary of the 9 April 2008 South Korean National Assembly election results[4]
Turnout 46.0%
Parties Local seats ± Block seats ± Constituency votes  % PR block votes  % Total seats ±
Grand National Party (한나라당) (GNP) 131 +31 22 +1 7,478,776 43.45% 6,421,727 37.48% 153 +32
United Democratic Party2 (통합민주당) (UDP) 66 -63 15 -8 4,977,508 28.92% 4,313,645 25.17% 81 -71
Liberty Forward Party (자유선진당) (LFP) 14 +14 4 +4 984,751 5.72% 1,173,463 6.84% 18 +18
Pro-Park Coalition (친박연대) (PRO-PARK) 6 +6 8 +8 637,351 3.70% 2,258,750 13.18% 14 +14
Democratic Labor Party (민주노동당) (DLP) 2 ±0 4 -4 583,665 3.39% 973,445 5.68% 5 -5
Creative Korea Party (창조한국당) (CKP) 1 +1 2 +2 72,803 0.42% 651,993 3.80% 3 +3
New Progressive Party (진보신당) (NPP) 0 ±0 0 ±0 229,500 1.33% 504,466 2.94% 0 ±0
   Other parties 0 ±0 0 ±0 341,010 1.98% 834,048 4.83% 0 ±0
Independents 25 +23 1,907,326 11.08% 25 +23
Total 245 54 17,212,690 100.0% 17,131,537 100.0% 299
Ideology
Conservative (GNP, LFP, PRO-PARK) 151 +51 34 +13 9,100,879 52.87% 9,853,940 57.50% 185 +64
Liberal (UDP, CKP) 67 -67 17 -10 5,050,311 29.34% 7,965,638 27.28% 84 -79
Progressive (DLP, NPP) 2 ±0 4 -4 813,165 4.72% 1477911 8.62% 5 -5
Total 245 54 14,964,354 86.9% 16,297,489 95.1% 300

1Later changed to Future Hope Alliance.

2Later changed to Democratic Party.

Election results (Total)
Seats prior to the election


Result by region[edit]

Region GNP UDP LFP PGH-C DLP ROKP Independent Total
Seoul 40 7 - - - 1 - 48
Busan 11 1 - 1 - - 5 18
Incheon 9 2 - - - - 1 12
Daegu 8 - - 3 - - 1 12
Gwangju - 7 - - - - 1 8
Daejeon - 1 5 - - - - 6
Ulsan 5 - - - - - 1 6
Gangwon-do 3 2 - - - - 3 8
Gyeonggi-do 32 17 - 1 - - 1 51
South Gyeongsang 13 1 - - 2 - 1 17
North Gyeongsang 9 - - 1 - - 5 15
South Jeolla - 9 - - - - 3 12
North Jeolla - 9 - - - - 2 11
South Chungcheong - 1 8 - - - 1 10
North Chungcheong 1 6 1 - - - - 8
Jeju - 3 - - - - - 3
Proportional
representation
22 15 4 8 3 2 - 54
Total 153 81 18 14 5 3 25 299

References[edit]