|— State —|
|Abyei area in pink|
|No. of counties:|
|• Governor||Ahmed Haroun|
|• Total||158,355 km2 (61,141 sq mi)|
|Population (2006 (est.))|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
South Kordofan (Arabic: جنوب كردفان Ğanūb Kurdufān) is one of the 15 wilayat or provinces of Sudan. It has an area of 158,355 km² and an estimated population of approximately 1,100,000 people (2000). Kaduqli is the capital of the state. It is centered around the Nuba Hills. Because among the states in (North) Sudan, South Kordofan is the only state that is producing oil, the ethnic Nubans who live there are being targeted by the northern military.
Under the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, residents of South Kordofan were to hold popular consultations in 2011 to determine the constitutional future of the state. However, South Kordofan governor Ahmed Haroun suspended the process and violence followed. Haroun had previously been charged with war crimes against civilians and crime against humanity by the International Criminal Court.
Although South Kordofan is part of (North) Sudan, it is home to many pro-South Sudan communities, especially in the Nuba Mountains, some of whom fought alongside southern rebels during the long civil war.
In 2009 and 2010 a series of conflicts between rival nomadic tribes in South Kordofan caused a large number of casualties and displaced thousands.
On June 6, 2011 armed conflict broke out between the forces of Northern and Southern Sudan, ahead of the scheduled independence of the South on July 9. This followed an agreement for both sides to withdraw from Abyei. On June 20, the parties agreed to demilitarize the contested area of Abyei where Ethiopian peacekeepers will be deployed.
Districts of Southern Kordofan 
- Dilling District
- Rashad District
- Abu Jubaiyah District
- Talodi District
- Kadugli District
- Lagawa District
- As Salam District
- Abyei District (abolished)
Area with "Special Administrative Status", considered part of both South Kordofan and Northern Bahr el Ghazal, under Protocol on the resolution of the Abyei conflict:
- Abyei Area (not shown on map)
Cities and towns of Southern Kordofan 
- Kaduqli (capital)
See also 
- Kurdufan - overall region.
- Eyes and Ears Of God – Video surveillance of Sudan - documentary film
- Sources disagree on the size of the state. The government of Sudan lists the area as 970,470 km², Statoids as 158,355 and the International Crisis Group as PDF (1.19 MB) (p. 1)
- South Kordofan State, Sudan Ministry of the Cabinet Affairs, 22 July 2008
- Interview with Abdel Aziz Adam Al Hilu (commander of SPLA in Nuba mountains), 18 June 2011, by Tomo Križnar
- Is Sudan heading for an acrimonious divorce?
- Sudan's South Kordofan: 'Huge suffering from bombs', article on BBC website
- North and South Sudan agree to demilitarize Abyei
- "Persecution of Christians Increases". Retrieved 2012-11-21. "Christians in the Nuba Mountains in South Kordofan , in Blue Nile Province and in the oil rich Abyei , have come under aerial bombardment, ground attacks and devastating Scorched Earth campaigns. At least 130,000 Negok Dinka residents in Abyei have fled the fighting as Sudan armed forces have poured into the area, engaging in ethnic cleansing."
- "Urgent Call for Prayer for Christians Under Fire in Africa". Retrieved 2012-11-21. "Churches in the Nuba Mountains have come under aerial bombardment. A Bible College in the Nuba Mountains has been damaged by aerial bombardment by the Sudan Air Force. Christians report aerial bombardments by both MiGs and Antanovs."
- "Christians Targeted in the Nuba Mountains of Sudan". Retrieved 2012-11-21. "On Sunday, 12 June the governor of North Kordofan, Mutasim Mirghani Zaki Eldeen, declared Jihad (holy war), on the people of the Nuba Mountains. Most of the Nuba are Christians. Hundreds of military vehicles have converged on Kadugli, indicating that a major offensive is imminent. Refugees are claiming that Arab militias are “killing anyone who is Black”. As one aid worker described it: “The government thinks that all Black people are opposition supporters and are therefore targets.”"
- "Why Did Christianity Die Out in Northern Sudan?". Retrieved 2012-11-21. "The government of Sudan's leaders regularly proclaim their goal of transforming Sudan into an Islamic state with one language, Arabic, and one religion, Islam. Nearly two million people mostly Christians have died so far (most from a man-made famine) in the scorched earth and bombing campaign launched by the Muslim North."
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