South Lampung Regency is a regency of Lampung, Sumatra, Indonesia, a strip of land lying between the provincial capital of Bandar Lampung and the Sunda Strait, as such its a major transit corridor to/from Java island. The capital lies at Kalianda. The regency has seen a population influx as migrants escape the crushing population densities and everyday struggles of living in the massive urban paralysis of Greater Jakarta, its along with Bandar Lampung's character is increasingly reflecting the cosmopolitan makeup of Jakartans rather than the surrounds of a typical provincial capital and hinterland. This has resulted in flaring of ethnic tensions, including rioting.
In January 2011, tens of thousands of inhabitants of South Lampung had to be evacuated by the South Lampung Disaster Mitigation Agency (BPBD) in the seven districts of Kalianda, Rajabasa, Katibung, Sidomulyo, Ketapang, Sragi and Palas due to volcanic ash from the Mount Anak Krakatau.There is an observation station at Hargopancuran village in South Lampung used to monitor activity.