South Lancashire (UK Parliament constituency)

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South Lancashire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County Lancashire
18321868
Number of members Two until 1861, then three
Replaced by South East Lancashire, and South West Lancashire
Created from Lancashire

South Lancashire, formally called the Southern Division of Lancashire or Lancashire Southern, is a former county constituency in England. It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the British House of Commons from 1832 to 1861, and then three until the constituency was divided in 1868.

The constituency was created by the Great Reform Act of 1832 by the splitting of Lancashire constituency into Northern and Southern divisions. It was abolished by the Second Reform Act of 1867.

Boundaries[edit]

This constituency comprised the hundreds of Salford and West Derby in the southern part of Lancashire.

Salford went to form the new South East Lancashire constituency, and West Derby the new South West Lancashire constituency.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1832–1861[edit]

  • Constituency created (1832)
Election 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
1832 George William Wood Liberal Viscount Molyneux Liberal
1835 Lord Francis Egerton Conservative Richard Bootle Wilbraham Conservative
1844 by-election William Entwistle Conservative
1846 by-election William Brown Liberal
1847 Hon. Charles Pelham Villiers Liberal
1847 by-election Alexander Henry Liberal
1852 John Cheetham Liberal
1859 Hon. Algernon Egerton Conservative William Legh Conservative
1861 by-election representation increased to three members

MPs 1861–1868[edit]

Election 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party 3rd Member 3rd Party
1861 by-election Hon. Algernon Egerton Conservative William Legh Conservative Charles Turner Conservative
1865 William Ewart Gladstone Liberal
1868 Reform Act 1867: constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

General Election 1832: South Lancashire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal George William Wood 5,694
Liberal Viscount Molyneux 5,575
Conservative Sir T Hesketh, Bt 3,082
Majority 2,493
Majority 1,757
Registered electors 10,039
General Election 1835: South Lancashire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lord Francis Egerton 5,620
Conservative Richard Bootle Wilbraham 4,729
Liberal Viscount Molyneux 4,629
Liberal George William Wood 4,394
Majority 991
Majority 100
Registered electors 11,519
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1837: South Lancashire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lord Francis Egerton 7,822
Conservative Richard Bootle Wilbraham 7,645
Liberal E Stanley 6,576
Liberal C Towneley 6,047
Majority 1,246
Majority 1,069
Registered electors 17,754
Conservative hold Swing
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1841: South Lancashire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lord Francis Egerton
Conservative Richard Bootle Wilbraham
Registered electors 18,178
Conservative hold Swing
Conservative hold Swing
South Lancashire by-Election 1844
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Entwistle 7,571
Liberal William Brown 6,973
Majority 598
Registered electors 18,521
Conservative hold Swing
South Lancashire by-Election 1846
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Brown
Registered electors
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1847: South Lancashire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Brown
Liberal Hon. Charles Pelham Villiers
Registered electors 23,630
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
South Lancashire by-Election 1847
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alexander Henry
Registered electors
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1852: South Lancashire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Brown
Liberal John Cheetham
Registered electors 21,196
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1857: South Lancashire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Brown
Liberal John Cheetham
Registered electors 20,460
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1859: South Lancashire (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hon. Algernon Egerton 7,470
Conservative William Legh 6,983
Liberal John Cheetham 6,835
Liberal J P Heywood 6,763
Majority 635
Majority 148
Registered electors 19,433
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
  • Third seat created.
South Lancashire by-Election 1861
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Turner 9,714
Liberal John Cheetham 8,898
Majority 716
Registered electors 19,433
General Election 1865: South Lancashire (3 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hon. Algernon Egerton 9,171
Conservative Charles Turner 8,806
Liberal William Ewart Gladstone 8,786
Conservative William Legh 8,476
Liberal Henry Yates Thompson 7,703
Liberal J P Heywood 7,653
Majority 1,468
Majority 1,103
Majority 310
Registered electors 21,555
Conservative hold Swing
Conservative hold Swing
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

Sources[edit]