South Limburg (Netherlands)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hills in South Limburg

South Limburg (Dutch: Zuid-Limburg, Limburgish: Zuud-Limburg) is both a COROP (statistical) region as well as a landstreek (area) of the Netherlands located in the province of Limburg. The Dutch term landstreek, literally translated "land area/region", means that the area is not an administrative region but an area that displays cohesion with regards to culture and landscape. With regards to South Limburg this deals with its hilly landscape, especially in the Heuvelland region, sunken lanes, an abundance of castles, and the regional language Limburgish spoken by a significant part of the population alongside Dutch. The region also contains the highest point above sea level in mainland Netherlands, the Vaalserberg being 322.5 metres (1,058 ft) above sea level (the highest point of the entire country is in the Caribbean Netherlands' island of Saba, namely Mount Scenery being 887 metres (2,910 ft) above sea level).

The region South Limburg in addition, although extended a little further north to Roermond, forms a constituent part of the Euroregion Meuse-Rhine.

Estate region Maastricht-Meerssen[edit]

Borgharen Castle in the town of Borgharen in the estate region.

The estate region Maastricht-Meerssen (Dutch: Landgoederenzone Maastricht - Meerssen) is the name for an area stretching from the northeastern parts of Maastricht to the south of Meerssen that is characterised by a large number of estates. The area is crossed by three rivers (namely the Meuse, Geul and Kanjel). A majority of said estates have been built (or renovated) by the 19th century Maastrichtian industrialist Petrus Regout and his descendants. Challenges to transforming the entire region into a recreational area are posed by the crossing of the A2 motorway and various railways through the area as well as the industrial area of Beatrixhaven.

The region spans six neighbourhoods of Maastricht namely:

  • Amby: homestead Withuishof, homestead Gravenhof, house Severen, homestead Hagenhof (or Tiendschuur van Amby) and castle Geuselt
  • Nazareth: castle Mariënwaard (La Grande Suisse), villa Petite Suisse and villa Kruisdonk
  • Limmel: castles Bethlehem and Jerusalem
  • Meerssenhoven: castles Vaeeshartelt and Meerssenhoven and villa Klein Vaeshartelt
  • Itteren*: homestead Hartelstein
  • Borgharen*: Borgharen castle and homestead Wiegershof

(* some publications do not include Itteren and Borgharen in the estate region)

And in Meerssen:

  • Weert: homestead Weerterhof and villa Zonnevang
  • Rothem: mill IJzeren Molen

Municipalities[edit]

Map of South Limburg and its municipalities.

The South Limburg contains 18 administrative municipalities (gemeentes):

Cities[edit]

Name Population
2011/2012
Notes
Maastricht wapen.svg Maastricht 121,000
Coat of arms of Heerlen.png Heerlen 89,000 Does not have historical city rights
Coat of arms of Kerkrade.png Kerkrade 47,000 Does not have historical city rights
Sittard wapen.png Sittard 38,000
Wapen Geleen Oud.JPG Geleen 32,000
Coat of arms of Stein.png Stein 26,000 Does not have historical city rights
Valkenburg ad Geul wapen.png Valkenburg 6,000

Impressions of South Limburg[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]