Frankfurt–Hanau (south bank) railway

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Hanau–Frankfurt
Route number: Main line:
615 (Frankfurt–Hanau)
641 (Frankfurt–Hanau)
S-Bahn line:
645.1/2 (F-Schlachthof–Offenbach Ost)
645.3/4 (F-Schlachthof–F Stresemannallee)
645.8/9 (F-Schlachthof–Hanau)
Line length: 23,0
Track gauge: 1435
Voltage: 15 kV 16.7 Hz AC
Maximum speed: 200
State: Hesse
Operating points and lines[1]
Main line ↓     ↓ S-Bahn line
Frankfurt western stations(until 1888)
City Tunnel from South station/Offenbach
Frankfurt (Main) Hbf tief(since 1978)
0.0 000.0 Frankfurt (Main) Hbf(since 1888)
Homburger Railway to Westbf
Main-Lahn Railway to Frankfurt-Höchst
Main Railway to Frankfurt Stadion
Main-Weser Railway to Gießen
Freight line from Frankfurt main freight yard
Taunus Railway to Frankfurt-Höchst
1.5 000.0 Main-Neckar Bridge(junction)
Main-Neckar Bridge
BSicon STR.svgBSicon STR.svgBSicon exWBRÜCKE.svg Peace Bridge (old Main-Neckar Bridge)
BSicon STR.svgBSicon STR.svgBSicon exDST.svg Mainspitze
BSicon STR.svgBSicon STR.svgBSicon exABZlf.svg Formerly to Lokalbahnhof and to Offenbach
B 43, Kennedyallee
Main-Neckar Railway to Darmstadt
S-Bahn line from Darmstadt ‹The template ÖPNV Frankfurt is being considered for merging.›  S3Frankfurt S3.svg‹The template ÖPNV Frankfurt is being considered for merging.›  S4Frankfurt S4.svg
BSicon eKRZ.svgBSicon eKRZ.svgBSicon exABZrf.svg Former route of the Main-Neckar Railway
56.2 Frankfurt Stresemannallee
3.1 000.0 Frankfurt Süd depot
Frankfurt Stresemannallee Tunnel (213 m)
Main Railway from Frankfurt Stadion
4.4 055.0 Frankfurt South
(former Bebraer station)
  Endhalt ‹The template ÖPNV Frankfurt is being considered for merging.›  S5Frankfurt S5.svg‹The template ÖPNV Frankfurt is being considered for merging.›  S6Frankfurt S6.svg
S-Bahn-Tunnel to Frankfurt Hbf
  ‹The template ÖPNV Frankfurt is being considered for merging.›  S3Frankfurt S3.svg‹The template ÖPNV Frankfurt is being considered for merging.›  S4Frankfurt S4.svg‹The template ÖPNV Frankfurt is being considered for merging.›  S5Frankfurt S5.svg‹The template ÖPNV Frankfurt is being considered for merging.›  S6Frankfurt S6.svg
54.4 Frankfurt Lokalbahnhof
53.8 Frankfurt-Schlachthof(junction)
North Main line to Hanau
54.4 Frankfurt Mühlberg
Frankfurt-Mühlberg Tunnel (1633 m)
S-Bahn-Tunnel from Frankfurt Hbf
  ‹The template ÖPNV Frankfurt is being considered for merging.›  S1Frankfurt S1.svg‹The template ÖPNV Frankfurt is being considered for merging.›  S2Frankfurt S2.svg‹The template ÖPNV Frankfurt is being considered for merging.›  S8Frankfurt S8.svg‹The template ÖPNV Frankfurt is being considered for merging.›  S9Frankfurt S9.svg
BSicon .svgBSicon STR.svgBSicon eABZrg.svg Former Local Railway from Frankfurt-Sachsenhausen
BSicon .svgBSicon eBHF.svgBSicon eSHST.svg 7.3 000.0 Frankfurt-Oberrad (proposed S-Bahn station)
Offenbach Tunnel (3860 m)
A 661
57.1 Offenbach-Kaiserlei
58.0 Offenbach Ledermuseum
10.1 000.0 Offenbach (Main) Hbf
59.0 Offenbach Marktplatz
End of Offenbach Tunnel
11.7 060.5 Offenbach (Main) Ost
BSicon eABZrf.svgBSicon STR.svgBSicon .svg Former Offenbach industrial railway
Rodgau Railway to Offenbach-Bieber ‹The template ÖPNV Frankfurt is being considered for merging.›  S1Frankfurt S1.svg‹The template ÖPNV Frankfurt is being considered for merging.›  S2Frankfurt S2.svg
Offenbach port railway
12.9 000.0 Offenbach (Main) freight yard
Mühlheim (Main)(crossover)
16.0 064.9 Mühlheim (Main)
16.0 000.0 Mühlheim (Main) Ost(crossover)
66.4 Mühlheim (Main)-Dietesheim
Mühlheim (Main)-Dietesheim(crossover)
(Flying junction)
21.1 069.9 Hanau-Steinheim
Steinheim Main Bridge
North Main line from Frankfurt
23.0 071.8 Hanau Hbf(island station) ‹The template ÖPNV Frankfurt is being considered for merging.›  S8Frankfurt S8.svg‹The template ÖPNV Frankfurt is being considered for merging.›  S9Frankfurt S9.svg
Odenwald Railway to Eberbach
Main-Spessart Railway to Aschaffenburg
Line to Friedberg
Line to Fulda

The South Main line connects Frankfurt am Main Hauptbahnhof with Hanau Hauptbahnhof. It consists of a two-track main line that runs via Offenbach Hauptbahnhof and a line of the Rhine-Main S-Bahn that is entirely independent of the main line tracks but is mainly built next to them. The S-Bahn line connects the Frankfurt City Tunnel to Offenbach Ost and Hanau. It is used by S-Bahn lines S8 and S9.

The original line was completed in 1873 and 1875, as part of the extension of the Frankfurt-Bebra Railway from Hanau to Frankfurt. The S-Bahn line was opened in 1992 and 1995.

Route[edit]

Main line bridge over the Main near Hanau

The main line consists of a two-track main line that leaves Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof, running next to the Main-Neckar Railway across the Main-Neckar Bridge over the Main. Shortly after crossing the bridge, it swings to the east away from the Main-Neckar line to Frankfurt South station and Offenbach Hauptbahnhof. It continues east to Steinheim Main Bridge, where it crosses the Main again to connect with the Frankfurt-Hanau Railway and runs into Hanau Hauptbahnhof.

The S-Bahn line branches off the City Tunnel between Ostendstraße and Frankfurt South stations and runs underground until it surfaces near the former Frankfurt-Oberrad station. It then uses part of the route of the Frankfurt-Offenbach Local Railway (German: Frankfurt Lokalbahn), which was closed in 1955, to a tunnel under Offenbach, which surfaces on the south side of the Frankfurt–Bebra line at Offenbach Ost station. It then runs to Hanau station above ground on the south side of the Main until just before Hanau, where it crosses the river. Most of the line has two tracks, but between Offenbach Ost and Mühlheim stations and between Mühlheim-Dietenheim and Hanau main stations it has a single track. Between Offenbach Ost and Hanau, it runs largely parallel with the Frankfurt–Bebra main line, but there is no rail connection between them.

History[edit]

The first section of the Frankfurt–Bebra railway was built as part of the Bebra–Hanau Railway or Kurhessen State Railway (German: Kurhessischen Staatsbahn), which was initiated by the Electorate of Hesse-Kassel (Kurhessen) in 1863, but was completed from Bebra to Hanau in 1868 by Prussia after its annexation of Hesse-Kassel as a result of the Austro-Prussian War in 1866. Here it connected with the lines built and operated by the Frankfurt-Hanau Railway Company (Frankfurt-Hanauer Eisenbahn Gesellschaft), the line from Frankfurt Ost to Hanau (called the Hanauer Bahn, Hanau Railway) and the line from Hanau to Kahl (called the Maintalbahn, Main Valley Railway).

Former route over the Peace Bridge
Main-Neckar Bridge

In 1864, the former Free City of Frankfurt had prevented an extension of the Bebra Railway and refused permission for it to run over the Hanau Railway to Frankfurt. As a result of Prussia's annexation of Frankfurt, the trains of the Bebra Railway were able to run over the Hanau Railway to Hanauer Bahnhof (Hanau station) in Frankfurt. Because this was in the east of Frankfurt, and therefore far away from the Frankfurt western stations and the railways terminating there, trains from 1869 ran on the Frankfurt City Link Line (Verbindungsbahn) on the northern bank of the Main to the Main-Weser station.

The northern route had several disadvantages, however: it was an indirect route, it skirted the town of Offenbach am Main and, not least, the line had limited capacity. There were already plans in 1868 for a bridge over the Main south of the former Hanau station in Hanau and a south Main line that would connect in Offenbach with the Frankfurt-Offenbach Local Railway. The planned route ran through the Grand Duchy of Hesse (Hesse-Darmstadt), although this was the only one of the Hessian states that still existed after the Peace of Prague, although it had also been on the losing side in the 1866 war.

The tracks of the Local Railway were not designed to handle long-distance rail traffic. Therefore, a new long-distance line was built on an embankment and the inner cities of Offenbach and Sachsenhausen were bypassed to their south. In Hanau, southeast of the former Hanau station (now called Hanau West), a large new "island station" (Inselbahnhof)—then called Hanau Ost station, but now called Hanau Hauptbahnhof—was built west of the Steinheim Main Bridge. The opening of the new line was delayed until the completion of the Main bridge on 15 November 1873, when was the line was opened to the Bebraer Bahnhof (Bebra station, now Frankfurt South station).

Exactly one year later, on 15 November 1874, the Bebra-Hanau Railway was officially renamed the Frankfurt-Bebra Railway (Frankfurt-Bebraer Eisenbahn). It then took another year before the line was extended via the former Bahnhof Mainspitze (Main “spike” station) and a bridge at the location of the current Peace Bridge (now used by a road and a tram line) to the Frankfurt Main-Neckar station, which was opened on 1 December 1875.

The current Main-Neckar bridge was built from 1881 and was at first opened for freight only on 1 August 1885. Following the closure of West Frankfurt stations and the opening of today's Hauptbahnhof in Frankfurt on 18 August 1888, the old route via the Peace Bridge was abandoned and replaced by today's route running a kilometre further to the south-west.

The first section of the S-Bahn line from the City Tunnel was opened to Mühlberg in 1992. The Offenbach City Tunnel was opened in 1995 and the line was extended to Hanau.

Services[edit]

The line is served by several Intercity as well as Intercity-Express (ICE) lines, three Regional-Express services and a Stadt-Express line (operating as a Regionalbahn service), and (on some sections) four Rhine-Main S-Bahn lines.

Long-distance passenger traffic[edit]

In long-distance passenger traffic the line is served by four ICE lines, each at two hour intervals, running on the South Main line and the Kinzig Valley Railway." The ICE line 50 and the IC line 50 together provide an hourly service on almost the entire route of the former Frankfurt–Bebra railway. Other IC or ICE services operate on the South Main line and the Main-Spessart railway.[2][3]

Line Route Frequency
ICE 11 Berlin – Braunschweig – Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe – Fulda – Hanau – Frankfurt – Mannheim – Stuttgart – Munich 120 min
ICE 12 Berlin – Braunschweig – Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe – Fulda – Hanau – Frankfurt – Mannheim – Karlsruhe – Basel SBB (– Interlaken Ost) 120 min
ICE 20 (Kiel –) Hamburg – Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe – Fulda – Hanau – Frankfurt – Mannheim – Karlsruhe – Basel SBB (– Interlaken Ost) 120 min
ICE 22 (Kiel –) Hamburg – Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe – Fulda – Hanau – Frankfurt – Frankfurt Airport Stuttgart 120 min
ICE 31
IC 31
Kiel – Hamburg – Dortmund – Duisburg/Wuppertal – Cologne – Koblenz – Frankfurt Airport – Frankfurt – Hanau – Nuremberg – Regensburg/Munich Individual services
ICE 41 (Dortmund –) Essen – Duisburg – Cologne Messe/Deutz Frankfurt Airport – Frankfurt – Hanau – Nuremberg – Munich(– Garmisch-Partenkirchen) 060 min
ICE 50
IC 50
Dresden – Leipzig – Erfurt – Bad Hersfeld Fulda – Hanau – Frankfurt Hbf or Frankfurt South Frankfurt Airport – Wiesbaden (or Darmstadt – Mannheim – Kaiserslautern – Saarbrücken) 120 min
120 min
ICE 91 (Dortmund – Duisburg/Wuppertal – Cologne – Koblenz – Frankfurt Airport –) Frankfurt – Hanau – Nuremberg – Passau Hauptbahnhof – Vienna West 120 min
No stops at stations in italics

Regional passenger services[edit]

The following regional services operate on the line:

Line Route Frequency
RE 50 Frankfurt – Frankfurt South – Offenbach – Hanau – Wächtersbach – Fulda 060 min
SE 50 Frankfurt – Frankfurt Süd – Offenbach – Hanau – Gelnhausen – Wächtersbach 060 min
RE 55 Frankfurt – Frankfurt Süd – Offenbach – Hanau – Aschaffenburg – Würzburg 120 min
RE 64 Frankfurt – Frankfurt Süd – Offenbach – Hanau – Groß-Umstadt Wiebelsbach – Erbach 120 min

S-Bahn[edit]

The line is served by S-Bahn lines S8 and S9. These operate during peak hours at 15-minute intervals, while at other times the eastern section between Offenbach Ost and Hanau is served only every 30 minutes. Trains are usually operated by DB Class 420 electrical multiple units.

Line Route Frequency
‹The template ÖPNV Frankfurt is being considered for merging.›  S8Frankfurt S8.svg Wiesbaden – Mainz – Frankfurt Airport Regional Frankfurt Hbf tief Frankfurt-Mühlberg – Offenbach Ledermuseum – Offenbach Ost Hanau 030 min
‹The template ÖPNV Frankfurt is being considered for merging.›  S9Frankfurt S9.svg Wiesbaden – Mainz-Kastel – Frankfurt Flughafen – Frankfurt Hbf tief – Frankfurt-Mühlberg – Offenbach Ledermuseum – Offenbach Ost – Hanau 030 min
S-Bahn bridge over the Main near Hanau
Steinheim station

Freight[edit]

The freight yard commissioned in 1873 in Offenbach was shut down in 1919.[4] In 2005 It was put back into operation and has since been rebuilt.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas) (2009/2010 ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0. 
  2. ^ "ICE route map" (PDF) (in German). Deutsche Bahn. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  3. ^ "EC/IC route map" (PDF) (in German). Deutsche Bahn. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  4. ^ "1919: Alter Güterbahnhof wird stillgelegt" (in German). City of Offenbach. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  5. ^ "Renaissance des Güterbahnhofs" (in German). stellwerk-offenbach.de. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 

External links[edit]

  • "Line data" (in German). klauserbeck.de. Retrieved 17 November 2011.