South Marston

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
St Mary Magdalene parish church

South Marston[1] is a village and civil parish in the Borough of Swindon, Wiltshire, England. The name "Marston" derives from a common Old English toponym meaning marsh farm.

History[edit]

The earliest documentary evidence for continuous settlement in the parish is from the 13th century, but there is fragmentary evidence for earlier occupation from as far back as the Bronze Age. It is claimed that there were Roman remains just outside South Marston on a field of Rowborough Farm, which have long disappeared. Ermin Street, the major Roman road linking Silchester and Gloucester, ran close to the southwest side of the village, separating it from Stratton St Margaret. There was a Roman station at Durocornovium (now Covingham) one mile south of the village.

The toponym "Marston" is from Old English, which would date the founding of the village prior to the Norman conquest of England in 1066, but it is not recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086. Documentary evidence exists from about 1280, when the village is mentioned as part of Highworth Hundred.

Aircraft and car manufacture[edit]

Early in the Second World War a Ministry of Aircraft Production shadow factory and airfield were built for the Phillips and Powis company (later Miles Aircraft) that built Miles Master training aircraft there. Short Brothers Ltd also used part of the airfield for final assembly and testing locally-built of Short Stirling bombers. Vickers-Armstrong-Supermarine acquired the site by the end of the war and continued to produce Supermarine aircraft such as the Attacker, Swift and Scimitar there until the early 1960s.

In 1985 Honda bought the airfield and reassigned it to car manufacture.[2]

Demography[edit]

A large residential development was built on the site of the Manor House in the mid-1980s.

References[edit]

This article summarises the history section of the village web site, which is a referenced resource for research on the village's history.

Notes[edit]

Coordinates: 51°35′N 1°43′W / 51.583°N 1.717°W / 51.583; -1.717

External links[edit]

A history of South Marston's aircraft industry