South Northamptonshire (UK Parliament constituency)

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For the constituency in the south of Northampton, see Northampton South (UK Parliament constituency).
South Northamptonshire
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of South Northamptonshire in Northamptonshire for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of Northamptonshire within England.
County Northamptonshire
Electorate 82,956 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 2010
Member of Parliament Andrea Leadsom (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Daventry
19501974
Number of members One
Replaced by Daventry
Created from Daventry
18321918
Number of members 1832–1885: Two
1885–1918: One
Replaced by Daventry
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East Midlands

South Northamptonshire is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 recreation by Andrea Leadsom, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

Before 2010, the constituency existed from 1832–1918, and from 1950-1974, however on different boundaries during each period. It elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) by the bloc vote system of election from 1832, until the representation was reduced in 1885 to one member elected by the first past the post system.

Prominent members

Three names feature prominently among the area's Commons members, the 3rd and 5th Earl Spencer (during their tenures as MP having a courtesy title only, Viscount Althorp - Althorp is a major country house in the seat, well known as the childhood home of Princess Diana of Wales); Edward Fitzroy (son of Lord Southampton), Speaker of the House of Commons from 1928 until his death in 1943; and lastly, Reginald Manningham-Buller, 1st Viscount Dilhorne who on accomplishment of a peerage sat for the final two years of his life as the historic equivalent of the President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom with additional functions, the Lord Chancellor.

In the 19th century history of the seat the Cartwright family (with three members) lived in the stately home Aynhoe Park near Banbury.

History of boundaries

The seat was abolished in 1918 to form the new constituency of Daventry, then recreated in 1950 caused by a relatively short-lived abolition of Daventry. In 1974 was almost wholly swallowed up by a reborn Daventry, which on wide boundaries saw substantial population growth.

This called for recreation in 2010 whereby most of the electoral wards were taken from the former version of the Daventry seat.

Present bordering constituencies

The constituency is bordered by Daventry and Northampton South to the north, Wellingborough to the north east, Milton Keynes North and Milton Keynes South to the south east, Buckingham to the south, Banbury to the south west and Rugby to the west.

Boundary review[edit]

The electoral wards used in the creation of this new seat are as follows. Alternative names were considered for this seat, but despite the perhaps clumsy juxtaposition of compass point names, the Commission chose to keep the title which it shares with the local district of the same name.

The seat has electoral wards:

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1832–1885[edit]

Election 1st Member[3][4] 1st Party 2nd Member[3] 2nd Party
1832 Viscount Althorp Whig William Ralph Cartwright Tory
1835 Sir Charles Knightley, Bt Conservative[5]
1846 by-election Cpt. Richard Vyse[n 3] Conservative
1852 Rainald Knightley Conservative
1857 Viscount Althorp Liberal
1858 by-election Cnl. Henry Cartwright Conservative
1868 Fairfax Cartwright Conservative
1881 by-election Pickering Phipps Conservative
1885 Redistribution of Seats Act: reduced to one member

MPs 1885–1918[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1885 Sir Rainald Knightley, Bt Conservative
1892 David Charles Guthrie[n 4]
1895 Hon. Edward Douglas-Pennant Conservative
1900 Hon. Edward FitzRoy Conservative
1906 Archibald Grove Liberal
Jan. 1910 Hon. Edward FitzRoy Conservative
1917 National Party
1918 Conservative
1918 Constituency abolished, but revived in 1950

MPs 1950–1974[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1950 Reginald Manningham-Buller Conservative
1962 Arthur Jones Conservative
Feb 1974 Constituency abolished

MPs since 2010[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
2010 Andrea Leadsom Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: South Northamptonshire[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Andrea Leadsom 33,081 55.2 +3.7
Liberal Democrat Scott Collins 12,603 21.0 +3.9
Labour Matthew May 10,380 17.3 -11.4
UKIP Barry Mahoney 2,406 4.0 +1.4
English Democrats Tony Tappy 735 1.2 N/A
Green Marcus Rock 685 1.1 N/A
Majority 20,478 34.2
Turnout 59,890 73.0
Conservative hold Swing +7.6

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: South Northamptonshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Jones 29,070 51.16
Labour GJ Roberts 21,131 37.18
Liberal CAP Smout 6,626 11.66
Majority 7,939 13.97
Turnout 77.87
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: South Northamptonshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Jones 25,023 52.84
Labour GT Ridge 22,332 47.16
Majority 2,691 5.68
Turnout 82.18
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: South Northamptonshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Jones 24,823 54.27
Labour I Wilde 20,916 45.73
Majority 3,907 8.54
Turnout 83.04
Conservative hold Swing
By Election 1962: South Northamptonshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Jones
Labour
Liberal
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: South Northamptonshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Reginald Manningham-Buller 24,226 56.98
Labour A Richardson 18,292 43.02
Majority 5,934 13.96
Turnout 82.72
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: South Northamptonshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Reginald Manningham-Buller 21,497 55.35
Labour RH Lewis 17,339 44.65
Majority 4,158 10.71
Turnout 81.56
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: South Northamptonshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Reginald Manningham-Buller 21,282 53.59
Labour DG Webb 18,434 46.41
Majority 2,848 7.17
Turnout 85.90
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: South Northamptonshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Reginald Manningham-Buller 18,612 47.62
Labour D Webb 16,852 43.12
Liberal L Evans 3,620 9.26
Majority 1,760 4.50
Turnout 87.10
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Later a member for Windsor: November 4, 1863 - July 11, 1865
  4. ^ This source [6]
References

Coordinates: 52°06′N 1°03′W / 52.10°N 1.05°W / 52.10; -1.05