South Oran and Figuig Berber
|South Oran and Figuig Berber|
|Native to||Algeria, Morocco|
|Region||Ksour Mountains, Saoura basin, Figuig region|
|(no estimate available)|
|Arabic, Latin, Tifinagh|
|ISO 639-3||None (
|tzm-sou South Oran / Figig|
South Oran Berber speakers are found in oases scattered across southwestern Algeria and far eastern Morocco.
South Oran Berber and Figuig Berber (Figig) are the two dialects of a Zenati Berber language spoken in a number of oases of southwestern Algeria and across the border in Morocco. These include most of the ksour between Mecheria and Béni Abbès: Tiout, Ain Sfisifa, Boussemghoun, Moghrar, Chellala, Asla, Fendi, Mougheul, Lahmar, Boukais, Sfissifa, Ouakda, Barrbi near Taghit, Igli, and Mazzer in Algeria, and Figuig, Iche and Ain Chair in Morocco. Of these towns, the only one whose dialect has been studied in any detail is Figuig (Kossmann 1997). A cursory study of the northern dialects, including texts and vocabulary, is Basset (1885), while a sketch grammar of its southernmost member, Igli, is provided by Kossmann (2010).
Like many other Berber varieties, these dialects use bipartite verbal negation. The preverbal negator is ul (locally un, il); the postverbal negator is ša (Igli, Mazzer) / šay (Figuig, Iche, Moghrar) / iš (Boussemghoun, Ain Chair), with both the latter two appearing as allomorphs in Tiout. The numerals 1–2 are Berber, while higher numerals are Arabic borrowings throughout.
- This language has no established name in English; in French literature it is referred to as Kçours du Sud-Oranais or parlers des Kçours Oranais et de Figuig, and its speakers mostly call it by the vague term Shelha or Tashelhiyt.
- André Basset, La langue berbère dans les territoires du sud, Revue Africaine vol. 85, 1941, pp. 62-71
- Maarten Kossmann, Grammaire du parler berbère de Figuig: Maroc oriental, Peeters 1997 
- René Basset : "Notes de lexicographie berbère 3e série : dialecte des k'çours oranais et de Figuig" in Journal Asiatique 1885 t. II pp. 302-371
- Maarten Kossmann, "Grammatical notes on the Berber dialect of Igli (Sud oranais, Algeria)", in ed. D. Ibriszimow, M. Kossmann, H. Stroomer, R. Vossen, Études berbères V – Essais sur des variations dialectales et autres articles. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe, 2010.
- Kossmann, op. cit.:94
- Kossmann, op. cit.:84