South Sea Fleet

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South Sea Fleet
Naval Ensign of the People's Republic of China.svg
People's Liberation Army Navy Jack and Ensign
Active 1949-
Country People's Republic of China
Type Fleet
Garrison/HQ Yulin Naval Base
Commanders
Current
commander
Jiang Weilie

South Sea Fleet is a fleet of the People's Liberation Army Navy of People's Republic of China. It established in late 1949 as Central Military Navy and renamed in 1955. The flagship of the SSF is the AOR/AK Nanchang (953).

Initially, the fleet's strength consisted mostly of former Kuomintang ships and personnel, which either defected or were captured by the People's Liberation Army. One of three fleets of the People's Liberation Army Navy, the SSF's duties were to protect the city of Guangzhou and the Pearl River regions, and support the PLA in capturing islands that were still in the hands of the Kuomintang forces. The fleet's development has been slow, because most of China's shipbuilding industry is located on the northern or eastern coasts. In the 1970s the fleet underwent a major buildup, due to conflict in the Paracel Islands and other reefs in the South China Sea. In 1974, the SSF took the Paracel Islands from South Vietnam, which resulted in the sinking of one South Vietnamese frigate while damaging another. The latest incident was in 1988, when a Chinese naval task force engaged Vietnamese naval forces, sinking one Vietnamese warship and damaging another.

Most of the fleet's surface ships are located at Zhanjiang naval base, while all of the fleet's submarines are at Yulin Naval Base, on Hainan Island. The SSF has many other bases included Guangzhou, Haikou, Shantou, Mawei, and Beihai, while naval air force bases are at Lingshui, Haikou, Sanya, Zhanjiang, and Guiping. The fleet's area of operations is divided into six zones.

A task group under the fleet's deputy commander, Rear Admiral Su Zhiquan, consisting of the Luyang I class destroyer Guangzhou and the tanker Weishanhu visited several European ports, including Portsmouth, Cadiz, and Toulon, in September–October 2007. During the visit the two ships conducted communications and maritime rescue drills with HMS Ark Royal.[1]

Major Naval Bases in the Fleet[edit]

The fleet headquarters was, at first, at Guangzhou, but was later relocated to Zhanjiang.

Naval air force bases:

Ships in the fleet[edit]

A Jiangkai-Class Frigate in action in Nan Hai

Aircraft carrier

Destroyers:

Frigates:

  • 8 Jiangkai-Class II:
    • Huangshan (570)
    • Chaohu (568)
    • Yuncheng (571)
    • Yulin (569)
    • Hengshui (572)
    • Liuzhou (573)
    • Yueyang (575)
    • Sanya (574)
  • 3 Jiangwei II-Class:
    • Yichang (564)
    • Huaihua (566)
    • Xiangyang (567)
  • 6 Jianghu V-Class:
    • Beihai (558)
    • Kangding (559)
    • Dongguan (560)
    • Shantou (561)
    • Jiangmen (562)
    • Foshan (563)

Corvettes:

  • 5 Jiangdao-Class:
    • Meizhou (584)
    • Baise (585)
    • Jieyang (587)
    • Qingyuan (589)
    • Luzhou (592)

Diesel-Electric submarines:

Landing ships:

See also[edit]

External links and references[edit]

  1. ^ Jon Rosamund, 'China completes joint exercise with UK aircraft carrier,' Jane's Navy International, October 2007, p.6

No Longer Valid: *http://www.sinodefence.com/navy/orbat/southseafleet.asp