South Shields (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 54°58′23″N 1°24′50″W / 54.973°N 1.414°W / 54.973; -1.414

South Shields
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of South Shields in Tyne and Wear.
Outline map
Location of Tyne and Wear within England.
County Tyne and Wear
Electorate 63,765 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1832
Member of Parliament Emma Lewell-Buck
Number of members One
Created from County Durham
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North East England

South Shields is a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. It has been represented by Emma Lewell-Buck of the Labour Party since 2013.

Boundaries[edit]

The current constituency covers the area of South Shields in the South Tyneside district of Tyne and Wear. Boundary changes at the 2010 general election transferred the community of Whitburn into the South Shields constituency from the neighbouring Jarrow seat.

Members of Parliament[edit]

The seat was held from 2001 to 2013 by David Miliband, who served as Foreign Secretary from 2007 until Labour's general election defeat of 2010. On 26 March 2013 Miliband announced his resignation from Parliament in order to take up a post as the head of the International Rescue Committee in New York City.[2]

Election Member[3] Party
1832 Robert Ingham Whig
1841 John Twizell Wawn Whig
1852 Robert Ingham Whig
1868 James Cochran Stevenson Liberal
1895 William Snowdon Robson, later Baron Robson Liberal
1910 by-election Russell Rea Liberal
1916 by-election Cecil Algernon Cochrane Liberal
1918 by-election Joseph Havelock Wilson CBE Coalition Liberal and Trade Unionist
1922 Edward Harney KC Liberal
1929 James Chuter Ede Labour
1931 Harcourt Johnstone Liberal
1935 James Chuter Ede Labour
1964 Arthur Blenkinsop Labour
1979 David G. Clark Labour
2001 David Miliband Labour
2013 by-election Emma Lewell-Buck Labour

With two exceptions (Arthur Blenkinsop and Emma Lewell-Buck) every South Shields MP since 1929 has been a cabinet member at some point in their career. Two of them, Chuter Ede (Home Secretary) and Miliband (Foreign Secretary), have held one of the great offices of state while MP for South Shields. It is the only constituency in existence since the Great Reform Act of 1832 never to have elected a Conservative MP.[4]

Elections[edit]

Elections since 2000[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
By-election, May 2013 [5][6][7]
Resignation of David Miliband
Electorate: 62,979
Turnout: 24,780 (39.3%) −18.4
Labour hold
Majority: 6,505 (26.3%) −4.1
Emma Lewell-Buck Labour 12,493 50.4 −1.6
Richard Elvin UKIP 5,988 24.2 N/A
Karen Allen Conservative 2,857 11.5 −10.1
Ahmed Khan Independent 1,331 5.4 N/A
Phil Brown Independent Socialist Party 750 3.0 N/A
Lady Dorothy MacBeth Brookes BNP 711 2.9 −3.6
Hugh Annand Liberal Democrat 352 1.4 −12.8
Alan "Howling Laud" Hope Monster Raving Loony 197 0.8 N/A
Thomas Darwood Independent 57 0.2 N/A
General Election 2010 [8]
Electorate: 64,084
Turnout: 36,518 (57.7%) +7.0
Labour hold
Majority: 11,109 (30.4%) −10.4
Swing: -6.4% from Lab to Con
David Miliband Labour 18,995 52.0 -8.8
Karen Allen Conservative 7,886 21.6 +4.0
Stephen Psallidas Liberal Democrat 5,189 14.2 -5.0
Donna Watson BNP 2,382 6.5 N/A
Shirley Ford Green 762 2.1 N/A
Siamak Kaikavoosi Independent 729 2.0 N/A
Victor Thompson Independent 316 0.9 N/A
Sam Navabi Independent 168 0.5 N/A
Roger Nettleship Fight for an Anti-War Government 91 0.2 N/A
General Election 2005 [9]
Electorate: 59,330
Turnout: 30,206 (42.2%) −7.5
Labour hold
Majority: 12,312 (40.8%) −5.5
David Miliband Labour 18,269 60.5 −2.7
Stephen Psallidas Liberal Democrat 5,957 19.7 +2.9
Richard Lewis Conservative 5,207 17.2 +0.3
Nader Afshari-Naderi Independent 773 2.6 N/A
General Election 2001 [10]
Electorate: 61,285
Turnout: 30,448 (49.7%) −12.9
Labour hold
Majority: 14,090 (46.3%) −10.5
Swing: 5.3% from Con to Lab
David Miliband Labour 19,230 63.2 −8.3
Joanna Gardner Conservative 5,140 16.9 +2.3
Marshall Grainger Liberal Democrat 5,127 16.8 +8.0
Alan Hardy UKIP 689 2.3 N/A
Roger Nettleship Independent 262 0.9 −0.1

Elections 1970–2000[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General Election, 1997 [10]
Electorate: 62,324
Turnout: 38,978 (62.5%) −4.8
Labour hold
Majority: 22,153 (56.8%) +24.5
Swing: 12.2% from Con to Lab
David Clark Labour 27,834 71.4 +11.6
Mark Hoban Conservative 5,681 14.6 −12.8
David Ord Liberal Democrat 3,429 8.8 −4.0
A. Lorriane Referendum Party 1,660 4.3 N/A
Ian Wilburn Independent 374 1.0 N/A
General Election, 1992 [11]
Electorate: 59,392
Turnout: 41,619 (70.1%) −0.7
Labour hold
Majority: 13,477 (32.4%) +0.15
Swing: 0.1% from Con to Lab
David Clark Labour 24,876 59.8 +1.9
J. L. Howard Conservative 11,399 27.4 +1.7
A. Preece Liberal Democrat 5,344 12.8 −2.6
General Election, 1987 [12]
Electorate: 60,754
Turnout: 42,975 (70.7%) +4.5
Labour hold
Majority: 13,851 (32.2%) +16.6
Swing: 8.4% from Con to Lab
David Clark Labour 24,882 57.9 +11.2
Michael Fabricant Conservative 11,031 25.7 −5.2
M. Melling Social Democratic 6,654 15.5 −7.2
E. G Dunn Democrat 408 1.0 N/A
General Election, 1983 [13]
Electorate: 61,924
Turnout: 40,996 (66.2%) −5.0
Labour hold
Majority: 6,402 (15.6%) −10.5
Swing: 3.3% from Lab to Con
David Clark Labour 19,055 46.5 −10.6
P. Groves Conservative 15,551 30.1 −0.1
P. Angus Social Democratic 9,288 22.7 +10.7
General Election, 1979 [14]
Electorate: 70,566
Turnout: 50,229 (71.2%) +6.5
Labour hold
Majority: 13,124 (26.1%) −5.4
Swing: 2.7% from Lab to Con
David Clark Labour 28,675 57.0 +0.7
R. Booth Conservative 15,551 31.0 +6.1
L. Monger Liberal 6,003 12.0 −5.3
General Election, October 1974 [15]
Electorate: 72,584
Turnout: 46,976 (64.7%) −6.9
Labour hold
Majority: 14,825 (31.6%) +8.2
Swing: 4.1% from Con to Lab
Arthur Blenkinsop Labour 26,492 56.4 −3.4
N. S. Smith Conservative 11,667 24.8 −11.6
L. Garbutt Liberal 8,106 17.3 N/A
W. Owen National Front 711 1.5 −2.5
General Election, February 1974 [16]
Electorate: 71,895
Turnout: 51,452 (71.6%) +4.8
Labour hold
Majority: 11,986 (23.3%) +3.0
Swing: 1.5% from Con to Lab
Arthur Blenkinsop Labour 30,740 58.8 +0.4
S. Smith Conservative 18,754 36.4 −3.4
W. Owen National Front 1,958 3.8 N/A
General Election, 1970 [17]
Electorate: 75,129
Turnout: 50,151 (66.8%) −1.7
Labour hold
Majority: 10,231 (20.4%) −9.0
Swing: 4.5% from Lab to Con
Arthur Blenkinsop Labour 30,191 60.2 −4.5
J. McKee Conservative 19,960 39.8 +4.5

Elections 1945–1969[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General Election, 1966 [18]
Electorate: 71,578
Turnout: 49,169 (68.7%) −5.4
Labour hold
Majority: 14,489 (29.5%) +4.7
Swing: 2.4% from Con to Lab
Arthur Blenkinsop Labour 31,829 64.7 +9.6
C. M. Dallas Conservative 17,340 35.3 +4.9
General Election, 1964 [18]
Electorate: 72,697
Turnout: 53,875 (74.1%) −0.3
Labour hold
Majority: 13,350 (24.8%) +8.9
Swing: 4.5% from Con to Lab
Arthur Blenkinsop Labour 29,694 55.1 −2.8
J. Chalmers Conservative 16,344 30.3 −11.7
T. H. C. Wardlaw Liberal 7,837 14.6 N/A
General Election, 1959 [19]
Electorate: 75,538
Turnout: 56,215 (74.4%) −2.8
Labour hold
Majority: 8,939 (15.9%) −3.4
Swing: 1.7% from Lab to Con
James Chuter Ede Labour 32,577 58.0 −1.7
J. Chalmers Conservative 23,638 42.0 +1.7
General Election, 1955 [20]
Electorate: 74,340
Turnout: 53,216 (71.6%) −9.3
Labour hold
Majority: 10,252 (19.3%) −3.0
Swing: 1.5% from Lab to Con
James Chuter Ede Labour 31,734 59.6 +3.7
J. Chalmers Conservative 21,482 40.4 +6.9
General Election, 1951 [21]
Electorate: 74,657
Turnout: 60,111 (80.5%) −1.2
Labour hold
Majority: 13,425 (22.3%) −7.3
Swing: 3.7% from Lab to Con
James Chuter Ede Labour 33,633 56.0 +0.6
J. Chalmers Conservative 20,208 33.6 +6.8
C. J. Kitchell Liberal 6,270 10.4 −5.5
General Election, 1950 [19]
Electorate: 72,463
Turnout: 59,210 (81.7%) +8.6
Labour hold
Majority: 17,555 (29.7%) +10.8
Swing: 5.4% from Con to Lab
James Chuter Ede Labour 33,452 56.5 −2.9
John Chalmers Conservative 15,897 28.9 −13.7
John George Liberal 9,446 16.0 N/A
F. O. Smith Communist 415 0.7 N/A
General Election, 1945 [22]
Electorate: 51,599
Turnout: 37,706 (73.1%) −0.3
Labour hold
Majority: 7,114 (18.9%) +12.6
James Chuter Ede Labour 22,410 59.4 +11.3
D. M. Parry Liberal National 15,296 40.6

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Chuter Ede
General Election 1935: South Shields
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Chuter Ede 22,031 48.16
Liberal Harcourt Johnstone 12,932 29.27
National Labour Frederick Burden 10,784 23.57
Majority 9,099 19.89
Turnout 72.79
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1931: South Shields
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Harcourt Johnstone 30,528 59.81
Labour James Chuter Ede 20,512 40.19
Majority 10,016 19.62
Turnout 80.13
Liberal gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929[23]

Electorate 61,629

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Chuter Ede 18,938 42.2 +0.1
Liberal Hon. Harold Burge Robson 18,898 42.0
Unionist William Nunn 7,110 15.8 n/a
Majority 40 0.2
Turnout 72.9 -2.4
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1924[23]

Electorate 53,122

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edward Harney 23,171 57.9
Labour William Lawther 16,852 42.1
Majority 6,319 15.8
Turnout 75.3
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1923[23]

Electorate 52,557

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edward Harney 22,912 59.3 +19.5
Labour William Lawther 15,717 40.7 +1.0
Majority 7,195 18.6 +18.5
Turnout 73.5
Liberal hold Swing +9.5
General Election 1922[23]

Electorate 52,005

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edward Harney 15,760 39.8 n/a
Labour William Lawther 15,735 39.7 +14.9
National Liberal Joseph Havelock Wilson 8,121 20.5 -54.7
Majority 25 0.1 50.5
Turnout 76.2 +24.9
Liberal gain from National Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Havelock Wilson
General Election 1918[23]

Electorate 50,584

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Liberal Joseph Havelock Wilson 19,514 75.2 N/A
Labour George John Rowe 6,425 24.8 N/A
Majority 13,089 50.4 N/A
Turnout 51.3 N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
South Shields by-election, 1918
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Liberal Joseph Havelock Wilson Unopposed N/A N/A
Coalition Liberal hold Swing N/A
South Shields by-election, 1916
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Cecil Cochrane Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Russell Rea
General Election December 1910 South Shields[24]

Electorate 18,320

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon. Russell Rea unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
South Shields by-election, 1910[24]

Electorate 18,320

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon. Russell Rea Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election January 1910 South Shields[24]

Electorate 18,320

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon. Sir William Snowdon Robson 9,090 65.2 -8.7
Liberal Unionist Roland Edmund Lomax Vaughan Williams 4,854 34.8 +8.7
Majority -17.4
Turnout 76.1 +3.5
Liberal hold Swing -8.7

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

William Robson
General Election 1906 South Shields[24]

Electorate 18,106

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon. Sir William Snowdon Robson 9,717 73.9
Liberal Unionist A R Chamberlayne 3,431 26.1
Majority 6,286 47.8 +19.2
Turnout 72.6
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1900 South Shields[24]

Electorate 16,033

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Snowdon Robson 7,417 64.3
Conservative R Readhead 4,119 35.7
Majority 3,298 28.6
Turnout 72.0
Liberal hold Swing

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "David Miliband to step down as MP". BBC News. 26 March 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2013. 
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ http://davidmiliband.net/south-shields/
  5. ^ South Shields by-election", South Tyneside Council
  6. ^ "South Shields Constituency - 02 May 2013 Parliamentary By-Election". SouthTyneside.info. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  7. ^ "South Shields by-election: Labour wins as UKIP makes big gains". BBC News. 3 May 2013. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  8. ^ "UK General Election results May 2010, part21". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  9. ^ "UK General Election results May 2005, part18". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "UK General Election results: South Shields, 1997 and 2001". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  11. ^ "UK General Election results, April 1992, part 18". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  12. ^ "UK General Election results, June 1983 (part 18)". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  13. ^ "UK General Election results. June 1983, part 18". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  14. ^ "UK General Election results, May 1979, part 18". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  15. ^ "UK General Election results, October 1974 (part 18)". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  16. ^ "UK General Election results, February 1974 (part 18)". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  17. ^ "UK General Election results, June 1970 (part 18)". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  18. ^ a b "UK General Election results, March 1966 (part 18)". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  19. ^ a b "UK General Election results, October 1959 (part 18)". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 4 May 2013. 
  20. ^ "UK General Election results, May 1955 (part 18)". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 4 May 2013. 
  21. ^ "UK General Election results, October 1951 (part 18)". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 4 May 2013. 
  22. ^ "UK General Election results, July 1945 (part 18)". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 4 May 2013. 
  23. ^ a b c d e British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949, Fred W. S. Craig
  24. ^ a b c d e British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.