South Shields by-election, 2013
|Map showing the South Shields Parliamentary constituency within the English Metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear.|
The South Shields by-election was a by-election held for the United Kingdom House of Commons constituency of South Shields. It was triggered by the resignation of David Miliband, the previous Member of Parliament (MP) and former Shadow Foreign Secretary, who had held the seat for Labour since 2001. The by-election took place on 2 May 2013, coinciding with local elections across England.
The by-election was won by Emma Lewell-Buck of the Labour Party with 50.4% of the vote. The UK Independence Party (UKIP) came second with 24.2%, with the Conservatives dropping to third with 11.5%. The Liberal Democrats' candidate came seventh with just 1.4%, the Liberals' or Liberal Democrats' lowest share of the vote at a by-election since 1948.
Resignation of David Miliband
The seat became vacant after David Miliband, the incumbent Member of Parliament (MP) and former Foreign Secretary, announced on 27 March 2013 that he intended to resign from Parliament, in order to take up a position as head of the International Rescue Committee in New York City. In an interview with the BBC, he also explained that he "feared" his continued involvement in British politics was a "distraction" to his brother Ed's leadership of the Labour Party. Miliband's resignation was formally announced on 15 April.
The date for the by-election was scheduled for 2 May 2013 to coincide with local elections across England, although none of those local elections are for councils or positions in South Shields - the nearest elections being for the county councils of Durham and Northumberland, and for the directly elected Mayor of North Tyneside.
Candidates and campaign
The Labour Party selected South Tyneside councillor Emma Lewell-Buck as its candidate on 10 April 2013. Mark Walsh, a fellow councillor, had been considered the favourite to be selected, but withdrew for "personal reasons" hours before the vote.
The Liberal Democrats chose Hugh Annand as their candidate on 11 April 2013. Annand had previously stood in North East Hertfordshire and has also been chosen as the seventh candidate on their East of England party-list for the 2014 European elections.
The UK Independence Party announced on 7 April 2013 that Richard Elvin would be their candidate. Elvin, the cousin of One Direction band member Harry Styles, finished second in the 2012 Middlesbrough by-election with 12% of the vote.
|South Shields by-election, 2013 
Resignation of David Miliband
Turnout: 24,780 (39.3%) −18.4
Majority: 6,505 (26.3%) −4.1
|Phil Brown||Independent Socialist Party||750||3.0||N/A|
|Lady Dorothy MacBeth Brookes||BNP||711||2.9||−3.6|
|Hugh Annand||Liberal Democrat||352||1.4||−12.8|
|Alan "Howling Laud" Hope||Monster Raving Loony||197||0.8||N/A|
|General Election 2010 
Turnout: 36,518 (57.7%) +7.0
Majority: 11,109 (30.4%) −10.4
Swing: -6.4% from Lab to Con
|Stephen Psallidas||Liberal Democrat||5,189||14.2||-5.0|
|Roger Nettleship||Fight for an Anti-War Government||91||0.2||N/A|
- United Kingdom local elections, 2013
- South Shields by-election, 1918
- South Shields by-election, 1916
- South Shields by-election, 1910
- List of United Kingdom by-elections
- Opinion polling for the next United Kingdom general election
- "David Miliband to step down as MP". BBC News. 27 March 2013.
- "South Shields byelection date set". The Guardian. 12 April 2013. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- George Eaton "Labour holds South Shields as UKIP takes second", New Statesman, 3 May 2013
- Miliband, David (27 March 2013). Letter to Alan Donnelly, Chair of South Shields Constituency Labour Party. davidmiliband.net.
- "David Miliband 'feared being distraction' for Labour". BBC News. 27 March 2013.
- "By-election after Miliband quits". MSN. 15 April 2013.
- "Female S Tyne councillor wins Labour nomination". Shields Gazette. 10 April 2013.
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- "South Shields Constituency - 02 May 2013 Parliamentary By-Election". SouthTyneside.info. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
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