South Side Slopes

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South Side Slopes
Neighborhood of Pittsburgh
South Side Slopes from E. Carson Street in South Side Flats.
South Side Slopes from E. Carson Street in South Side Flats.
Pgh locator southside slopes.svg
Coordinates: 40°25′N 79°58′W / 40.42°N 79.97°W / 40.42; -79.97
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Allegheny County
City Pittsburgh
Area[1]
 • Total 0.716 sq mi (1.85 km2)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 4,423
 • Density 6,200/sq mi (2,400/km2)

South Side Slopes is a neighborhood in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania's South Side area. The neighborhood comprises the hills from the South Side Flats neighborhood along the Monongahela River from the Liberty Bridge (west) to beyond Josephine Street (east).

In many parts of the South Side Slopes, homes offer panoramic views of the city skyline that span the distance from beyond McKees Rocks, PA to Homestead, PA. Many homes are perched well above the city skyline. This neighborhood provides access to the South Side Flats by various means including the many public staircases.

Every autumn the South Side Slopes Neighborhood Association (SSSNA) hosts its annual "Steptrek," where participants travel over the various public step streets. Pittsburgh, like many cities in the United States built on hillsides, classifies public staircases as streets. The hills being steep, staircases allowed access to the different parts of the slopes neighborhood. The SSSNA hopes to maintain the staircases as a legacy of its history as a mining town.[citation needed]

The Mission Street steps from Oakley Way to Barry Street and the top of Yard Way off St. Pius St. offer views of the South Side Flats neighborhood and downtown Pittsburgh. These public staircases are sometimes called paper streets, being pedestrian streets shown on City maps but not accessible by vehicles.

The neighborhood has representation on the Pittsburgh City Council by the council member for District 3 (Central South Neighborhoods). The Pittsburgh Bureau of Fire houses 24 Engine and 24 Truck on the South Side. It is located on Mary Street just off of Carson Street. The South Side Slopes area is also served by Engine Co 22 which is located in the neighborhood on Arlington Avenue adjoining South Side Park.

South Side Park is a City Park with a new baseball field, hiking trails, a small orchard patch and views of the City of Pittsburgh skyline. It is home to many species of birds, small animals and deer. It contains a small wetlands area, complete with cattails and many species of wildlife. Black locust trees form a mature canopy over the park.

A cor-ten sculpture representing the neighborhood's topography and buildings is on display in the garden of Paul of the Cross Monastery.[2]

One of the many steep streets in the South Side Slopes, with a staircase for a sidewalk.

History[edit]

In 1763, King George III of England granted John Ormsby, a soldier in the French and Indian War as well as the alleged first settler of Pittsburgh, 2,400 acres of land along the southern banks of the Monongahela River for his service in the capture of Fort Duquesne. Ormsby divided the land into four boroughs - South Pittsburgh, Birmingham, Ormsby, and East Birmingham, which is present day South Side Slopes.[3]

South Side expanded and grew in order to keep up with Pittsburgh's industrial boom, adopting the nickname "Workshop of the World". The industry of glass-making was predominant in the early 1800s, and later the banks of the Monongahela River became home to the iron and steel operations run by the company J&L Steel.[3]

J&L (The Jones and Laughlin Steel Company) eventually became South Side's largest employer as by 1910 it employed 15,000 workers.[4] The majority of these workers came as immigrants from European nations such as Germany, Ireland, Poland, Lithuania, the Ukraine, and the Slavic nations and settled into homes in the present day South Side Slopes. The houses built for them were traditionally one room wide, two rooms deep, and up to four stories high. The houses are built into the hillside with narrow walkways between them. Most of the structures and houses in both South Side Slopes and South Side Flats were built from brick, in a rectangular fashion. Many of them were ornamented in the popular style of the 1900s - Romanesque, Italianate and Second Empire. They are fashioned in a classical Victorian style row home way with carved doorways, cornices, corbelling, cast iron ornaments and geometric slate patterns.[5] The Slopes is rich in culture as many immigrants wanted to preserve their native cultures and languages; so they built many bars and churches, many of which still exist today.[4]

Redevelopment of the South Side began in the early 1980s as the South Side Local Development Company was formed. The community played a large role in the redevelopment of the former J&L site as the company merged with the Ling-Temco-Vought Corporation in 1974 and then with Republic Steel to form LTV Steel which shut down in 1986. This area is now the South Side Works complex, which has brought national retailers to the slopes neighborhood.[6]

Geography[edit]

South Side Slopes is located at 40.42 N and 79.97 W.[7] The area South Side Slopes covers is approximately 0.716 square miles (1.85 km2) or 460.632 acres.[8] It is made up of many slopes with elevations ranging from 791 feet (241 m) to 1,174 feet (358 m). There are some areas that are too difficult for automobile navigation so the numerous staircases located throughout South Side Slopes serve as the "streets". There have been approximately 700 sets of staircases found in the neighborhood, more than large cities like Cincinnati and San Francisco. 400 of these staircases are considered legal roads and resemble actual streets on maps.[9]

South Side Slopes is part of District 3 in Allegheny County.[10] South Side Slopes is surrounded by the neighborhoods of Allentown, Arlington, Arlington Heights, Knoxville, Mt. Washington, South Shore, and South Side Flats. It also borders the borough of Mt. Oliver.[11] Arlington Avenue and St. Josephine Street are two of the main roads that run through the neighborhood.[12] It is approximately 2.8 miles (4.5 km) from the Monongahela River[13] and the historic Birmingham Bridge. The Slopes neighborhood is also close to the diverse East Carson Street and the SouthSide Works shopping center.

South Side Slopes has an overall cold climate,[14] meaning it has about 5,400 heating degree days and fewer than 9,000 heating degree days based on a temperature of 65 degrees Fahrenheit.[15] It can experience temperatures that range from 90 degrees Fahrenheit to negative 10 degrees Fahrenheit. The area also accumulates an average of 30 to 40 inches of precipitation per year.[16] Allegheny County can also get anywhere from zero to five to twenty inches of snow per month during the months of December, January, February, and March.[17]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2000 census,[8] there were 5,007 people living in the neighborhood and 2,580 total housing units within its boundaries. The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 93.7% White, 4.4% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race were 0.7% of the population.

Out of the total number of housing units, 87.6% were occupied. There were 20.8% of households with those under the age of 18 and 30.4% with those over the age of 65.

The population was generally decreasing with 15,083 in 1940; 12,998 in 1950; 10,842 in 1960; and 9,739 in 1970.[8]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "PGHSNAP 2010 Raw Census Data by Neighborhood". Pittsburgh Department of City Planning PGHSNAP Utility. 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2013. 
  2. ^ Jones, Diana Nelson (2008). "Slopes neighbors to dedicate new sculpture". Pittsburgh Post Gazette (September 24). 
  3. ^ a b Visit the South Side. Pittsburgh Neighborhood Tours. Retrieved on 2010-11-29.
  4. ^ a b [1][dead link]
  5. ^ East Carson Street Historic District, Pittsburgh City, Allegheny County, Pittsburgh PA 15203. Livingplaces.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-29.
  6. ^ South Side Slopes. City.pittsburgh.pa.us. Retrieved on 2010-11-29.
  7. ^ [2] Geography. Retrieved 2010 20 11.
  8. ^ a b c "Census: Pittsburgh". Pittsburgh Department of City Planning. January 2006. Retrieved 2007-07-19. 
  9. ^ [3] Post Gazette article. Retrieved 2010 20 11.
  10. ^ [4], map of District 3 in Pittsburgh
  11. ^ [5], Map of South Side Slopes. Retrieved 2010-11-17.
  12. ^ [6] South Side Slopes Map
  13. ^ [7] streets around South Side Slopes. Retrieved 2010 20 11.
  14. ^ [8] U.S. climates. Retrieved 2010-20-11.
  15. ^ [9] Climate descriptions. Retrieved 2010-20-11.
  16. ^ [10] U.S. climate maps. Retrieved 2010-20-11.
  17. ^ [11] Weather maps. Retrieved 2010 21 1.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]