South Station (MBTA station)

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Not to be confused with South Street (MBTA station).
For the commuter rail and Amtrak station, see South Station.
SOUTH STATION
SOUTH STATION
Red Line train outbound at South Station.JPG
A southbound Red Line train at South Station
Station statistics
Address Atlantic Avenue & Summer Street Boston, MA 02110
Coordinates 42°21′09″N 71°03′19″W / 42.35261°N 71.05536°W / 42.35261; -71.05536Coordinates: 42°21′09″N 71°03′19″W / 42.35261°N 71.05536°W / 42.35261; -71.05536
Line(s)
Connections MBTA Commuter Rail and Amtrak at South Station
Buses at South Station Bus Terminal
MBTA Bus: 4, 7, 11, 448, 449, 459
Structure type Underground
Platforms 2 side platforms (Red Line)
3 side platforms (Silver Line)
Tracks 2 (Red Line)
Other information
Opened December 3, 1916[1][2] (Red Line)
December 17, 2004[3][4] (Silver Line)
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Owned by MBTA
Traffic
Passengers (2009) 22,632 (weekday average boardings)[5]
Services
Preceding station   MBTA.svg MBTA   Following station
toward Alewife
Red Line
toward Ashmont or Braintree
Terminus Silver Line
Silver Line
toward Design Center
One-way operation
Silver Line Terminus
Location
South Station (MBTA station) is located in Boston
South Station (MBTA station)

South Station, also known as South Station Under,[6][7] is a station on the MBTA Red Line subway and Silver Line bus rapid transit located at Summer Street and Atlantic Avenue in Boston. It is a part of the South Station complex, the second busiest transportation center in New England.[8] Commuter Rail and long distance trains are also included at South Station.

History[edit]

In this early 1900s view, the Atlantic Avenue Elevated passes in front of South Station. The old elevated station is on the far right.

A station serving South Station was located on the Atlantic Avenue Elevated. Service on the Atlantic Avenue "El" was discontinued on September 20, 1938. The structure itself was torn down in the spring of 1942.[9] Before stairs were added, passengers wishing to change lines from the underground station had to use a paper transfer and go outside to change trains.[9] This would change after a series of renovations.

Renovations[edit]

Tile mosaic being restored in 2005

The first renovation began around 1980 and consisted of the adding of a passageway to already existing stairs and escalators upstairs to the main terminal building.[10] An entrance was also added to the Federal Archives Building as well as a passageway under Summer Street connecting the other street entrances. In 1985, the Red Line platforms were extended 60 feet on either end to allow 6-car trains.[9]

The final renovation was triggered by the massive highway project known as the "Big Dig". Since the Red Line tunnel beneath Summer Street is perpendicular to Atlantic Avenue, where the new I-93 northbound tunnel was to be built, builders had to tunnel under the tracks. After the first tunnel was complete, another tunnel was added along with a station for the Silver Line. Since the new tunnel was built at the former fare level, another fare level was constructed a level above. This allowed combined access for the Silver and Red lines. The original lobby that was destroyed was replaced by stairways.[9] This project was completed at a cost of 35 million dollars.[11]

After the first sections of the Silver Line opened in 2002 and 2004, a Phase III was proposed which would build a tunnel connecting South Station and the South Boston Waterfront section with the Washington Street section of the line. In 2010, the project was placed on indefinite hold.[12] Currently, those wishing to take the Silver Line to Dudley Square can walk to the Atlantic Avenue side of South Station (by Track 1) and cross Atlantic Avenue to the street-level Silver Line bus stop.

In early 2005, a blue and white tile mosaic reading 'South Station Under' was discovered during renovations to the Red Line platform. The MBTA had the mosaic restored to its original condition during the project.[13]

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/Entrance
SL4 platform (Essex St) Silver Line toward Dudley Square (Tufts Medical Center)
M Mezzanine Crossover, fare control, to entrances/exits and underground passageways
SL1/SL2 platform Silver Line toward Logan Airport (SL1) or Design Center (SL2) (Courthouse)
SL1/SL2 platform Silver Line toward Logan Airport (SL1) or Design Center (SL2) (Courthouse)
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Inbound Red Line toward Alewife (Downtown Crossing)
Outbound Red Line toward Ashmont or Braintree (Broadway)
Side platform, doors will open on the right

The Red Line part of the station has two tracks and two side platforms. The Silver Line SL4 service that began in October 2009[14][15] stops at Atlantic Avenue and Essex Street near the Bus Terminal.[14][16] Other Silver Line service is provided in an underground tunnel near the Red Line platforms. There are underground passageways upstairs to the inter-city rail station and many restaurants. There are entrances at street level on all four corners of the intersection of Summer Street and Atlantic Avenue.[17]

Nearby destinations[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Silver Line underground station 
Silver Line street-level station 
Station turnstiles 
Outbound train approaching South Station 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New Tunnel Station is Opened". Boston Daily Globe. December 4, 1916. 
  2. ^ "South Station Under Opens Tomorrow". Boston Daily Globe. December 2, 1916. 
  3. ^ Brian Carovillano (December 18–19, 2004). "Boston unveils new Silver Line bus tunnel". Bangor Daily News. 
  4. ^ thebostonchannel.com. Retrieved January 5, 2011
  5. ^ "Ridership and Service Statistics". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2010. Retrieved October 28, 2012. 
  6. ^ South Station sign. Retrieved January 3, 2011
  7. ^ Forgotten Boston. Retrieved January 3, 2011
  8. ^ Project for Public Spaces, Retrieved December 31, 2010
  9. ^ a b c d Red Line Overview. Retrieved January 1, 2011
  10. ^ NYCSubway Picture. Retrieved January 3, 2011
  11. ^ Intermodal Stations. Retrieved December 31, 2010
  12. ^ Annual Status Report to DEP, July 9, 2010
  13. ^ Daniel, Mac (23 January 2005). "South Bay shoppers don't rush home with their treasures". Boston Globe. Retrieved 9 May 2014. 
  14. ^ a b "South Station Direct Connect". MassDOT. Retrieved December 31, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Press Release". MBTA. October 13, 2009. Retrieved December 31, 2010. 
  16. ^ Google Inc. "South Station (MBTA station)". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&source=s_q&hl=en&geocode=&q=Boston+MA&sll=37.0625,-95.677068&sspn=34.671324,76.113281&ie=UTF8&hq=&hnear=Boston,+Suffolk,+Massachusetts&ll=42.351894,-71.056137&spn=0.000498,0.001672&t=h&z=20&iwloc=lyrftr:h,0x89e37a78aaf9dcb9:0x51f57fc40997d256,42.351807,-71.05589. Retrieved December 31, 2010.
  17. ^ Google Inc. "South Station (MBTA station)". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&source=s_q&hl=en&geocode=&q=Boston+MA&sll=37.0625,-95.677068&sspn=34.671324,76.113281&ie=UTF8&hq=&hnear=Boston,+Suffolk,+Massachusetts&ll=42.352609,-71.055386&spn=0.000498,0.001672&t=h&z=20. Retrieved December 31, 2010.

External links[edit]