South Sumatra

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South Sumatra
Sumatera Selatan
Grand Mosque, Palembang
Grand Mosque, Palembang
Flag of South Sumatra
Official seal of South Sumatra
Motto: Bersatu Teguh (Indonesian)
(Strength in Unity)
Location of South Sumatra in Indonesia
Location of South Sumatra in Indonesia
Coordinates: 2°45′S 103°50′E / 2.750°S 103.833°E / -2.750; 103.833Coordinates: 2°45′S 103°50′E / 2.750°S 103.833°E / -2.750; 103.833
Country Indonesia
Capital Palembang
 • Governor H. Alex Noerdin
 • Total 91,592.43 km2 (35,364.03 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,446,401
 • Density 81/km2 (210/sq mi)
 • Ethnic groups Malay (31%), Javanese (27%), Komering (6%), Musi Banyuasin (3%), Sundanese (2%)[1]
 • Religion Muslim (86%), Hindu (10.4%), Christian (1.5%), Buddhist (0.7%)
 • Languages Indonesian
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)

South Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera Selatan) is a province of Indonesia. Located towards the southern end of Sumatra, its capital is Palembang and its population is 7,446,401 according to the 2010 census.


It is on the island of Sumatra, and borders the provinces of Lampung to the south, Bengkulu to the west, and Jambi to the north. Off the east coast are the islands of Bangka and Belitung, which were split from South Sumatra province to form the new province of Bangka-Belitung in 2000.

Administrative Divisions[edit]

The capital of South Sumatra province is Palembang. This province is divided into eleven regencies and four autonomous cities, listed below with their (provisional) populations at the 2010 Census.

Name Area (km2) Population
Estimate 2005
Census 2010
Palembang (city) 374.03 1,342,258 1,452,840 Palembang
Ogan Ilir Regency 2,513.09 357,510 380,861 Indralaya
Ogan Komering Ilir Regency 17,058.32 659,605 726,659 Kayu Agung
Ogan Komering Ulu Regency 2,772.56 254,823 323,420 Baturaja
East Ogan Komering Ulu Regency
(Ogan Komering Ulu Timur)
3,410.15 556,631 609,715 Martapura
South Ogan Komering Ulu Regency
(Ogan Komering Ulu Selatan)
5,493.94 318,581 318,345 Muara Dua
Prabumulih (city) 421.62 129,201 161,814 Prabumulih
Muara Enim Regency 8,587.94 632,430 717,717 Muara Enim
Lahat Regency 4,076.06 546,653 370,146 Lahat
Pagar Alam (city) 570.16 114,609 126,363 Pagar Alam
Empat Lawang Regency 2,556.44 * 220,694 Tebing Tinggi
Lubuk Linggau (city) 419.80 174,472 201,217 Lubuk Linggau
Musi Rawas Regency 12,134.57 476,359 524,919 Muara Beliti
Musi Banyuasin Regency 14,477.00 470,742 562,584 Sekayu
Banyuasin Regency 12,142.73 733,771 749,107 Pangkalan Balai
* The 2000 Census population for Empat Lawang Regency is included in the figure for Lahat Regency.


The coal deposit of South Sumatra is 22.24 billion tons or 48.45 percent of the total national reserves. The province also has 4.18 trillion standard cubic feet of natural gas and 757.4 standard cubic feet of natural oil.[2]


  1. ^ Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 2003. 
  2. ^ Indian investor to build railroad track in S Sumatra