South Union Township, Fayette County, Pennsylvania
|South Union Township|
|Area||16.8 sq mi (44 km2)|
|- land||16.7 sq mi (43 km2)|
|Density||677.4 / sq mi (262 / km2)|
|- summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-5)|
South Union Township contains the larger two of the three Uniontown area shopping districts. The largest, centered around the Uniontown Mall, is located just outside the Uniontown city limits. Another important shopping area is called Walnut Hill and is located in Hatfield. The Laurel Highlands School District serves this township.
South Union Township was formed from Union Township in 1851.
Union Township was created in 1783, one of Fayette County's original townships. The borough of Uniontown was taken from it in 1796, and a part of Wharton Township was added to it in 1802. In 1851 Union Township was split along the National Road into North Union and South Union townships.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 16.8 square miles (43.4 km²), of which, 16.7 square miles (43.4 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.24%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 11,337 people, 4,563 households, and 3,194 families residing in the township. The population density was 677.4 people per square mile (261.5/km²). There were 4,795 housing units at an average density of 286.5/sq mi (110.6/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 94.89% White, 3.27% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.84% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.33% of the population.
There were 4,563 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the township the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 21.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 85.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.6 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $33,808, and the median income for a family was $46,073. Males had a median income of $39,000 versus $22,753 for females. The per capita income for the township was $19,905. About 9.4% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.4% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.
- Ellis, Franklin (1882). History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: L.H. Everts & Co. pp. 669–670, 677.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.