South Western Highway

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South Western Highway
Western Australia
Harvey SW Highway.jpg
View north of Harvey
General information
Type Highway
Length 406 km (252 mi)
Route number(s)
Major junctions
Northwest end Albany Highway (State Route 30), Armadale, Perth
 
Southeast end South Coast Highway (National Route 1), Walpole
Location(s)
Major settlements Serpentine, North Dandalup, Pinjarra, Waroona, Yarloop, Harvey, Brunswick Junction, Bunbury, Donnybrook, Bridgetown, Manjimup
Highway system
Highways in Australia
National HighwayFreeways in Australia
Highways in Western Australia

South Western Highway is a highway in the South West region of Western Australia connecting Perth's southeast with Walpole. It is a part of the Highway 1 network for most of its length.[1] It is about 406 kilometres (252 mi) long.

Route description[edit]

Perth to Bunbury[edit]

From Perth, the highway, signed as State Route 20,[1] starts from the Albany Highway junction in Armadale, 28 km from Perth, and follows a north-south route 20–30 km inland from the coast, passing through several agricultural and timber towns that sprang up in the 1890s when the nearby railway came through, such as Pinjarra, Waroona, Yarloop and Harvey.

Just past Brunswick Junction, the highway heads southwest towards Western Australia's third-largest city, Bunbury. The typical scenery on this part of the highway includes small dairy farms and orchards, jarrah and marri remnant forests and pine plantations.

Until the 1980s, the Armadale-Bunbury section was part of National Highway 1, but following the upgrading of Old Coast Road and construction of the Mandurah bypass, Highway 1 now follows the coastal route via Kwinana Freeway and Old Coast Road to Bunbury passing through the resort town of Mandurah.

In Bunbury[edit]

The highway does not actually enter Bunbury - it stops at the industrial suburb of Picton, following Robertson Drive (Bunbury's ring road) for 1 km south before turning southeast past Bunbury Airport towards Boyanup. The highway actually used to follow what is now Boyanup-Picton Road from Picton via Dardanup, but changed to the present shorter route in the 1980s.

Bunbury to Walpole[edit]

From Bunbury, the highway goes through Boyanup and on to Donnybrook, the heart of WA's apple country. From then on the highway passes through thick forests featuring many native trees like jarrah, marri and karri. The region was settled much later than other parts of south western WA, under a soldier resettlement scheme in the 1920s. Typical scenery is farmland interspersed with forests and small timber towns.

The highway then goes through Bridgetown (where it meets the Brockman Highway from Augusta and Nannup), Manjimup and finally to Walpole. This part of the highway, especially from Manjimup, is sparsely populated and very thickly forested, with abundant wildlife and wildflowers as well as many old growth trees, especially the giant karri.

From Walpole, the Highway 1 continues as South Coast Highway to Albany.

Major towns[edit]

Approximate road distances (in kilometres) of towns from Armadale
Approximate road distances (in kilometres) of towns from Bunbury

History[edit]

Following the establishment of the Swan River Colony, the earliest report of exploration of the district around what is now Bunbury is from Lieutenant H. W. Bunbury in December 1836. The route he – and later others – took was slow and hazardous, taking four days to cover around 80 miles (130 km), and crossing four rivers. The route began with passage from Perth to Pinjarra, before turning south-west and passing through low, open scrubland, and subsequently a medium-timbered area with low marshes. The first river to cross was the Harvey River, which was could only be forded by horses at a single point, near the river mouth. Continuing south-westward, the northern tip of Leschenault Estuary was reached, and its shores followed before curving around into Bunbury. The last stretch of approximately 12 miles (19 km) was the most dangerous for many years, as it required precarious crossings at the Collie and Preston Rivers.[2]:1–2

In an initial attempt to settle the area, the government declared the land open for pastoral settlement by ordinary settlers, but little progress was made. By 1840, the population was just fifty-three, and most of those were in or near Bunbury (then known as Port Leschenault).[2]:2 The settlement of Australind by the Western Australian Land Company in 1840–41 prompted the first real need for a good quality road to Perth.[2]:4[3] Throughout much of 1842, there was much debate and disucssion over providing a new route to Bunbury. A coastal route from Fremantle had been proposed, while an alternative proposal published on 11 May 1842 was a new route from Pinjarra to Bunbury, via an upstream crossing of the Harvey River, where a bridge could easily be built.[4] The coastal route would require a ferry to cross the Murray River's estuary,[a] and did not go through Pinjarra, a significant settlement in the area; however, it would be shorter, had more water along the route, and did go through the village of Mandurah, with a population of twenty-nine people from six families.[2]:5–6 During the winter of 1842, the existing route became impassable, and Clifton decided to undertake the creation of the proposed coastal route. He sent his company's men to clear the path and make a road.[2]:8–9

By the second half of the nineteenth century, the importance of the coast road was diminishing.[2]:15 For most of its length, the road went through well-timbered, sandy limestone country of little value to agriculture, and settlers in the vicinity of the road were scarce.[5] In contrast, settlements had spread and prospered in the foothills of the Darling Scarp, and on 1 July 1853, Colonial Secretary Frederick Barlee announced a new proposal for a Perth–Pinjarra–Bunbury route along the foothills, with a one chain (66 ft; 20 m) width, mostly following the alignment of previous tracks. Between 1864 and 1876, two parties of convicts were involved in the making of the road.[2]

The development of the route between Bunbury and Walpole came later. Survey of a direct Bridgetown–Albany route was requested in January 1871, so that an electric telegraph line could be established, but the government surveyors were overwhelmed by other work.[6] Surveying of the route from Manjimup, south of Bridgeton, was undertaken in 1909 by Fred S. Brockman.[7]

The name South Western Highway was suggested for the road from Armadale to Pemberton in 1940 by the Under-Secretary for Lands.[8] The name was in common usage by March 1941,[9][10] and in July 1941, the name was officially applied to "the main road from Armadale to Pemberton via Pinjarra, Harvey, Picton Junction, Boyanup, Donnybrook, Bridgetown and Manjimup".[11] The northern end was at the Perth–Albany road[b] in Armadale, and the southern end was at Brockman Street, Pemberton.[11]

Major intersections[edit]

Armadale to Picton[edit]

Picton to Walpole[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Now known as the Peel Harvey Estuary
  2. ^ Later named Albany Highway

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Distance book (12 ed.). Main Roads Western Australia. 2012. pp. 4–5. ISBN 0 7309 7657 2. Retrieved 8 October 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Perry, N. K. (1956). History and Present Potentialities of the Old Coast Road from Mandurah to Bunbury. 
  3. ^ "Coast Road Becomes Ghost Road". The West Australian (Perth, WA). 13 May 1950. p. 20. Retrieved 30 July 2014 – via Trove (National Library of Australia). 
  4. ^ "The Inquirer: Wednesday, May 11, 1842". The Inquirer (Perth, WA). 11 May 1842. pp. 2–4. Retrieved 30 July 2014 – via Trove (National Library of Australia). 
  5. ^ Department of Conservation and Environment. "Yalgorup National Park". Nature Base. Government of Western Australia. Archived from the original on 18 September 2006. Retrieved 10 October 2006. 
  6. ^ "Legislative Council". The Perth Gazette and West Australian Times (WA). 20 January 1871. p. 4. Retrieved 9 August 2014 – via Trove (National Library of Australia). 
  7. ^ "In The Warren Country". The West Australian (Perth, WA). 16 October 1909. p. 3. Retrieved 9 August 2014 – via Trove (National Library of Australia). 
  8. ^ "Country News". The West Australian (Perth, WA). 16 November 1940. p. 9. Retrieved 7 August 2014 – via Trove (National Library of Australia). 
  9. ^ "Forest Fire". The West Australian (Perth, WA). 14 March 1941. p. 11. Retrieved 7 August 2014 – via Trove (National Library of Australia). 
  10. ^ "Collision At Harvey". The West Australian (Perth, WA). 29 March 1941. p. 5. Retrieved 7 August 2014 – via Trove (National Library of Australia). 
  11. ^ a b "Armadale-Kelmscott Road Board". South Western Advertiser (Perth, WA). 25 July 1941. p. 4. Retrieved 7 August 2014 – via Trove (National Library of Australia). 

External links[edit]

South Western Highway travel guide from Wikivoyage