Southampton Airport

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Southampton Airport
SouthamptonAirportlogo.png
Southampton Airport Control Tower - geograph.org.uk - 28103.jpg
IATA: SOUICAO: EGHI
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Heathrow Airport Holdings
Operator Southampton Airport Limited
Serves Southampton
Location Eastleigh, Hampshire
Hub for Flybe
Elevation AMSL 44 ft / 13 m
Coordinates 50°57′01″N 001°21′24″W / 50.95028°N 1.35667°W / 50.95028; -1.35667
Website southamptonairport.com
Map
EGHI is located in Hampshire
EGHI
EGHI
Location in Hampshire
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
02/20 1,723 5,653 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 1,722,758
Passenger change 12-13 Increase1.7%
Aircraft Movements 40,501
Movements change 12-13 Decrease6.4%
Source: United Kingdom AIP[1]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]

Southampton Airport (IATA: SOUICAO: EGHI) is an airport in the UK, located 3.5 NM (6.5 km; 4.0 mi) north north-east of Southampton,[1] in the Borough of Eastleigh within Hampshire, England.

The airport is owned and operated by Heathrow Airport Holdings, which also owns and operates three other UK airports,[3] and is itself owned by FGP TopCo Limited, an international consortium, which includes Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec and GIC Special Investments, that is led by the Spanish Ferrovial Group.[4]

The airport handled 1,722,758 passengers during 2013, a 1.7% increase compared with 2012,[2] making it the 18th busiest airport in the UK. Southampton Airport has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence (Number P690) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction.

History[edit]

The airport's runway is built over the remains of a Roman villa. It was excavated in May 1925 but the villa had been robbed of much of its material.[5]

The site's connection with aviation can be traced back to 1910 when pioneer pilot Edwin Rowland Moon used the meadows belonging to North Stoneham Farm as a take-off and landing spot for his monoplane, Moonbeam Mk II.[6] In 2010, the airport arranged a series of events to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the first flight at the airport.[7]

During the First World War, when forces from the United States Navy arrived in 1917, work on the building of hangars began. At the peak of the American presence, some 4,000 officers and men were billeted in tents and huts along the adjacent London to Southampton railway line.

After that war, the site became a transit camp for refugees, mainly Russian, who were anxious to sail to America from the port of Southampton. The shipping companies Cunard and White Star Line (the Oceanic Steam Navigation Company) together with the Canadian Pacific Railway formed the "Atlantic Park Hostel Company" to house them temporarily. In 1921 the hangars were converted into dormitories, kitchens and dining rooms.[citation needed]

The hostel was intended to be a short-term clearing house for those trans-migrants changing ships, but following changes to US immigration law which restricted entry to the United States under national origins quotas, some residents were forced to stay much longer. In 1924 about 980 Ukrainian Jewish would-be emigrants were cared for at the hostel. Some of them were still there seven years later, stranded between the US and UK which would not accept them, and unable to return the countries they had fled. Atlantic Park had a school, library, and synagogue while the refugees formed football teams that played local sides and took part in local events, such as Eastleigh carnival. At the height of its use 20,000 passed through Atlantic Park in 1928 but then figures started to fall away, leading to the closure of the hostel in 1931.[citation needed]

In 1932 Southampton Corporation purchased the site and it became "Southampton Municipal Airport". By 1935 part of the site was being used by the Fleet Air Arm of the RAF and was briefly known as RAF Eastleigh before it became RAF Southampton in 1936. The military site was transferred to Naval command in 1939 and renamed HMS Raven, and subsequently spent most of the war in a ground and air training role for the Royal Navy.[8] It eventually passed back into civilian ownership in April 1946.

During the 1950s a mainstay of business for the airport was the Cross channel car ferry service operated by Silver City Airways using Bristol Freighters and Superfreighters. In 1965 a new concrete runway was built, opening for use in 1966, enabling the operation of larger aircraft.

In 1936 Supermarine opened a test flight facility on the site, followed shortly thereafter by the opening of the Cunliffe-Owen Aircraft factory on the southern end of the runway. Both companies later closed their Southampton operations, Supermarine moving flying activities to Chilbolton, and the Cunliffe-Owen factory being acquired by Briggs Motor Bodies during 1949 - 1951[9] who were taken over by Ford in 1953. This factory is still in use, although now located off-field due to the opening of the M27 motorway in 1983. The Cierva Autogiro Company rented portions of the Cunliffe-Owen plants starting in 1946, and had to move to another location on the field when it was acquired by Briggs. In 1951 Saunders-Roe (commonly abbreviated Saro) took over the interests of Cierva Autogyro and built a rotor testing building on the eastern side of the airfield, which is now derelict. They continued operations on the field until about 1960.

Southampton airport only has one main ground handler which is Swissport (Servisair), who took over from Aviance. They handle all passenger services and ramp operations for all airlines except for Aurigny Air services who operate their own ground handling,

Links with the Spitfire[edit]

On 5 March 1936 the first test flight of the Supermarine Spitfire took place at the airport, an event commemorated in 2004 by the erection of a near-full size sculpture of K5054, the prototype Spitfire, at the road entrance.

On 5 March 2006 five restored Spitfires took off from Southampton Airport to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the first test flight of the Spitfire.

There are plans, supported by the local council, to rename the airport after R. J. Mitchell, designer of the Spitfire. However, the decision rests with BAA.[10][11] In 2010, the airport opened new restaurant and bar facilities, both landside and airside, named after R.J. Mitchell, called Mitchell's Kitchen & Bar.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Apron at Southampton Airport
Airlines Destinations
Aurigny Air Services Alderney
Blue Islands Guernsey, Jersey
Eastern Airways Aberdeen, Leeds/Bradford
Flybe Alicante (ends 30 September 2014), Amsterdam, Belfast-City, Bergerac, Dublin, Edinburgh, Glasgow-International, Guernsey, Jersey, Limoges, Malaga (ends 30 September 2014), Manchester, Nantes, Newcastle, Paris-Orly, Rennes
Seasonal: Avignon, Bordeaux, Brest, Clermont-Ferrand, Faro (ends 1 October 2014), Geneva, Grenoble, , La Rochelle, Nice (ends 1 October 2014), Palma de Mallorca (ends 1 October 2014), Perpignan, Salzburg, Verona
Seasonal charter: Lleida-Alguaire
Thomson Airways
operated by Volotea
Seasonal charter: Palma de Mallorca (begins 24 May 2014)

Source:[12]

Statistics[edit]

Passenger numbers[edit]

Southampton Airport Passenger Totals 2001-2012 (thousands)
Updated: 18 March 2014.[2]
Number of Passengers Aircraft Movements Cargo
(tonnes)
2001 857,670 48,204 332
2002 789,325 46,767 382
2003 1,218,634 51,423 322
2004 1,530,776 54,484 272
2005 1,835,784 58,045 204
2006 1,912,979 55,786 195
2007 1,965,686 54,183 297
2008 1,945,993 50,689 264
2009 1,789,901 45,502 209
2010 1,733,690 45,350 116
2011 1,762,076 45,700 132
2012 1,694,120 43,284 359
2013 1,722,758 40,501 133
Source: CAA Official Statistics[13]

Busiest routes[edit]

Near full-scale model Supermarine Spitfire prototype K5054 at Southampton Airport
Busiest Routes to and from Southampton Airport (2013)[2]
Rank Airport Passengers handled
1  United Kingdom - Edinburgh 207,767
2  United Kingdom - Glasgow-International 182,256
3  Jersey - Jersey 162,128
4  Guernsey - Guernsey 135,260
5  United Kingdom - Manchester 121,665
6  Ireland - Dublin 104,009
7  Netherlands - Amsterdam 103,524
8  United Kingdom - Newcastle 91,505
9  United Kingdom - Belfast City 86,443
10  France - Paris Orly 77,296

Ground transportation[edit]

Southampton Airport is served by a dedicated mainline railway station, Southampton Airport Parkway. On the South Western Main Line from London Waterloo (just 66 minutes away) and Winchester to Southampton, Bournemouth, Poole, Dorchester and Weymouth with a fast and frequent service to those places. The station is conveniently located just a 60 second walk from the terminal (one of the closest airport links across Europe).

Buses run to Southampton city center; taxis are available outside Arrivals and need to be booked (desk in Arrivals).[14]

The airport is also located close to the junction between the M3 motorway and M27 motorway, giving easy road access to Southampton, Winchester, Bournemouth, Poole, Portsmouth and places between.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 26 May 1993, a Cessna 550 Citation II landed with a tailwind of 15 kn (28 km/h; 17 mph), where the operating manual recommended a maximum safe tailwind of 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph), which itself resulted in a landing distance requirement greater than that available at the airport. The plane overran runway 20 through the airport perimeter fence and onto the M27 motorway where it collided with two cars and caught fire. The two flight crew sustained minor whiplash injuries, and the three car occupants also sustained minor injuries. The aircraft was destroyed.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Southampton - EGHI
  2. ^ a b c d CAA: UK Annual Airport Statistics
  3. ^ "Who we are". Heathrow Airport Holdings. 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  4. ^ "Who owns us". Heathrow Airport Holdings. 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  5. ^ MONUMENT NO. 230032, Pastscape, retrieved 29 May 2012
  6. ^ Mann, John Edgar (2002). Book of the Stonehams. Tiverton: Halsgrove. p. 25. ISBN 1-84114-213-1. 
  7. ^ "Centenary of flight". Hampshire County Council. 28 January 2010. Retrieved 27 February 2010. 
  8. ^ BAA Southampton Official Airport Website
  9. ^ How Southampton became 'home' to the Ford Transit van
  10. ^ Airport rename to honour Spitfire
  11. ^ Airport Spitfire rename supported
  12. ^ southamptonairport.com
  13. ^ UK Airport Statistics
  14. ^ "Travel to Southampton city centre". Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  15. ^ Aircraft Accident Report No. 1/92
  16. ^ "Report on the accident to Cessna 550 Citation II, G-JETB at Southampton (Eastleigh) Airport on 26 May 1993". UK AAIB. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Southampton Airport at Wikimedia Commons