Southampton General Hospital

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Southampton General Hospital
University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust
Sgh panorama.jpg
The front of Southampton General Hospital, showing from left to right the North Wing, Centre Block, and West Wing
Southampton General Hospital is located in Southampton
Southampton General Hospital
Shown in Southampton
Location Southampton, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom
Coordinates 50°55′59″N 1°26′02″W / 50.933°N 1.434°W / 50.933; -1.434Coordinates: 50°55′59″N 1°26′02″W / 50.933°N 1.434°W / 50.933; -1.434
Care system Public NHS
Hospital type Teaching Hospital, Tertiary Specialist Centre, District General
Affiliated university University of Southampton
Emergency department Yes Accident & Emergency
Beds 1100
Founded 1900
Lists Hospitals in England

Southampton General Hospital which is a large teaching hospital in Southampton, Hampshire, England. The hospital was the location for the daytime TV fly-on-the-wall documentary series, The General.


The hospital began life as the Shirley Warren Poor Law Infirmary in 1900, to provide hospital beds previously provided at the workhouse infirmary in St Mary's. The Royal South Hampshire Hospital was the voluntary hospital, founded in 1838 in the city.[1] The initial 35-acre (14 ha) site cost the Poor Law Guardians £8,200, and the foundation stone was laid on 31 March 1900.[1] The original building, housing 289 beds, cost £64,800 to construct; it has since been demolished.[1]

Southampton Borough Council took responsibility for the hospital in 1929, expanding the number of beds to 431.[1] At this stage, the hospital became known as the Borough Hospital.[1] When the National Health Service came into being in 1948, the hospital took its present name.[1]

The Wessex Neurological Unit opened on the site in 1965, and the East Wing was constructed in 1974, providing 450 additional beds, a new Accident and Emergency Department, and a children's unit.[1] Three years later, the Centre Block was built, which still provides the main entrance to the hospital.[1] The 7-level Centre Block cost over £9 million to construct.[1]

In 1983, the £10 million West Wing was constructed, adding 472 beds to the hospital; this was followed a year later by installation of the Wessex Body Scanner at a cost of £1.5 million.[1]

In 2005, a new cardiac centre was opened, having cost around £53 million to build. In addition to these buildings, the University of Southampton has a number of buildings on the site, which are used both for teaching and research. In particular, the hospital houses renowned centres of excellence in the treatment of cancer, heart disease, respiratory illness, neurological disease, gastro-intestinal conditions and illnesses affecting children. The hospital is fortunate to benefit from a high number of specialist consultants working in large multi-disciplinary teams and plays a leading role in the development of new and improved treatments for NHS patients.

The hospital is currently undergoing upgrades in preparation to be a Major Trauma Centre under the new NHS plans for Regional Trauma Networks, with Southampton General covering the whole Solent Area, Portsmouth, the rest of Hampshire and also the Isle of Wight. A new helipad came into operation in 2012, and the whole Emergency Department is planned to have a major refit to dramatically increase capacity and capabilities, with a separate children's Emergency Department also.

It has one of a small number of Accident and Emergency departments to benefit from Pearson Lloyd’s redesign - ‘A Better A&E’ - which reduced aggression against hospital staff by 50 per cent. A system of environmental signage provides location-specific information for patients. Screens provide live information about how many cases are being handled and the current status of the A&E department.[2]

The Steve Mills Stem Cell Laboratory[edit]

In September 2006 the Steve Mills Stem Cell Laboratory, which had been established by a charity created by Southampton F.C. footballer Steve Mills, moved from the Royal South Hampshire Hospital to a new location at Southampton General Hospital, and was officially opened on 27 September 2006 by Steve's widow Jo and former Southampton footballer and manager, Alan Ball.

  • The Steve Mills Stem Cell Laboratory processes, stores and issues stem cell products for transplant.
  • The processing of a patient's stem cell products takes around 3 hours to complete.
  • Stem cell donations are processed as soon as they arrive at the laboratory because stem cells have a shelf life of just 24 hours.
  • The laboratory reacts quickly to hospital requests and processes up to 12 stem cell donations a week.
  • The laboratory processes stem cells for Southampton University Hospitals Trust, Royal Bournemouth Hospital, Poole Hospital, Salisbury District Hospital and Dorset County Hospital.
  • In addition to processing, storing and issuing stem cell products, the laboratory undertakes critical research and development of new cancer therapies and treatments.

Teaching hospital[edit]

  • Southampton General Hospital is a teaching hospital associated with the University of Southampton
  • The hospital is home to not only the medical students but also PhD students and research academics and clinicians from both the School of Medicine and the School of Biological Sciences. Originally based in the South Academic Block this has been expanded to include several other buildings including the Somers Building (opened in 2008).
  • There are 6 different departments of research at Southampton General Hospital:
    • III (Infection, Inflammation and Immunity) – renamed from IIR (Infection, Inflammation and Repair) in 2009
    • Cancer Sciences
    • Clinical Neurosciences
    • DoHAD (Developmental Origins of Health and Disease) – renamed from Foetal Origins of Disease
    • Human Genetics
    • Community Clinical Sciences

Hospital trust[edit]

University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust (formerly known as Southampton University Hospitals NHS Trust) runs the hospital.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Brown, Jim. The Illustrated History of Southampton's Suburbs. Breedon. ISBN 1-85983-405-1.
  2. ^ "A&E department redesign ‘cuts aggression by half’". Design Week. 28 November 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 

External links[edit]

Video clips[edit]