Southampton General Hospital

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Southampton General Hospital
University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust
Sgh panorama.jpg
The front of Southampton General Hospital, showing from left to right the North Wing, Centre Block, and West Wing
Southampton General Hospital is located in Southampton
Southampton General Hospital
Shown in Southampton
Geography
Location Southampton, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom
Coordinates 50°55′59″N 1°26′02″W / 50.933°N 1.434°W / 50.933; -1.434Coordinates: 50°55′59″N 1°26′02″W / 50.933°N 1.434°W / 50.933; -1.434
Organisation
Care system Public NHS
Hospital type Teaching Hospital, Tertiary Specialist Centre, District General
Affiliated university University of Southampton
Services
Emergency department Yes Accident & Emergency
Beds 1100
History
Founded 1900
Links
Website www.uhs.nhs.uk
Lists Hospitals in England

Southampton General Hospital is a large teaching hospital in Southampton, Hampshire, England run by University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust.

History[edit]

The hospital began life as the Shirley Warren Poor Law Infirmary in 1900, to provide hospital beds previously provided at the workhouse infirmary in St Mary's. The Royal South Hampshire Hospital was the voluntary hospital, founded in 1838 in the city.[1] The initial 35-acre (14 ha) site cost the Poor Law Guardians £8,200, and the foundation stone was laid on 31 March 1900.[1] The original building, housing 289 beds, cost £64,800 to construct; it has since been demolished.[1]

Southampton Borough Council took responsibility for the hospital in 1929, expanding the number of beds to 431.[1] At this stage, the hospital became known as the Borough Hospital.[1] When the National Health Service came into being in 1948, the hospital took its present name.[1]

The Wessex Neurological Unit opened on the site in 1965, and the East Wing was constructed in 1974, providing 450 additional beds, a new Accident and Emergency Department, and a children's unit.[1] Three years later, the Centre Block was built, which still provides the main entrance to the hospital.[1] The 7-level Centre Block cost over £9 million to construct.[1]

In 1983, the £10 million West Wing was constructed, adding 472 beds to the hospital; this was followed a year later by installation of the Wessex Body Scanner at a cost of £1.5 million.[1]

In 2005, a new cardiac centre was opened, having cost around £53 million to build. In addition to these buildings, the University of Southampton has a number of buildings on the site, which are used both for teaching and research. In particular, the hospital houses renowned centres of excellence in the treatment of cancer, heart disease, respiratory illness, neurological disease, gastro-intestinal conditions and illnesses affecting children. The hospital is fortunate to benefit from a high number of specialist consultants working in large multi-disciplinary teams and plays a leading role in the development of new and improved treatments for NHS patients.

The hospital is currently undergoing upgrades in preparation to be a Major Trauma Centre under the new NHS plans for Regional Trauma Networks, with Southampton General covering the whole Solent Area, Portsmouth, the rest of Hampshire and also the Isle of Wight. A new helipad came into operation in 2012, and the whole Emergency Department is planned to have a major refit to dramatically increase capacity and capabilities, with a separate children's Emergency Department also.

It has one of a small number of Accident and Emergency departments to benefit from Pearson Lloyd’s redesign - ‘A Better A&E’ - which reduced aggression against hospital staff by 50 per cent. A system of environmental signage provides location-specific information for patients. Screens provide live information about how many cases are being handled and the current status of the A&E department.[2]

The Steve Mills Stem Cell Laboratory[edit]

In September 2006 the Steve Mills Stem Cell Laboratory, which had been established by a charity created by Southampton F.C. footballer Steve Mills, moved from the Royal South Hampshire Hospital to a new location at Southampton General Hospital, and was officially opened on 27 September 2006 by Steve's widow Jo and former Southampton footballer and manager, Alan Ball.

  • The Steve Mills Stem Cell Laboratory processes, stores and issues stem cell products for transplant.
  • The processing of a patient's stem cell products takes around 3 hours to complete.
  • Stem cell donations are processed as soon as they arrive at the laboratory because stem cells have a shelf life of just 24 hours.
  • The laboratory reacts quickly to hospital requests and processes up to 12 stem cell donations a week.
  • The laboratory processes stem cells for Southampton University Hospitals Trust, Royal Bournemouth Hospital, Poole Hospital, Salisbury District Hospital and Dorset County Hospital.
  • In addition to processing, storing and issuing stem cell products, the laboratory undertakes critical research and development of new cancer therapies and treatments.

Teaching hospital[edit]

  • Southampton General Hospital is a teaching hospital associated with the University of Southampton
  • The hospital is home to not only the medical students but also PhD students and research academics and clinicians from both the School of Medicine and the School of Biological Sciences. Originally based in the South Academic Block this has been expanded to include several other buildings including the Somers Building (opened in 2008).
  • There are 6 different departments of research at Southampton General Hospital:
    • III (Infection, Inflammation and Immunity) – renamed from IIR (Infection, Inflammation and Repair) in 2009
    • Cancer Sciences
    • Clinical Neurosciences
    • DoHAD (Developmental Origins of Health and Disease) – renamed from Foetal Origins of Disease
    • Human Genetics
    • Community Clinical Sciences

Controversy[edit]

In August, 2014, Brett and Naghemeh King took their 5 year old son Ashya from the hospital, where he was being treated for medulloblastoma, without doctor's knowledge.[3] Brett King claimed this was in order to avoid the proposed treatment of chemotherapy and photon beam radiation therapy which he feared would result in brain damage to Ashya.[4] The King family's preferred treatment was proton beam therapy which is currently unavailable in the United Kingdom except through an NHS overseas referral programme to fund treatment in America or Europe for specific indications.[5] Although clinicians at Southampton felt proton beam therapy was not beneficial in this case, it was discussed with the Kings and referred to the Proton Clinical Reference Panel although medulloblastoma is not an approved diagnosis to qualify for the overseas programme.[6][7]

The Kings were keen to arrange proton beam therapy at a hospital in Prague. When the parents asked what would happen if they refused any kind of treatment, they were told the hospital could seek an emergency protection order.[8] When the child subsequently went missing the hospital informed the police and the CPS issued a warrant for the arrest of the parents. Once it was revealed that the child had left the country, extradition back to the UK was also sought. The family were eventually located in Spain, where the parents were arrested and child put in a high dependency ward in a hospital in Malaga.[9]

The prime minister, David Cameron, called for "an urgent outbreak of common sense".[10]

Ashya King began proton beam therapy at the Proton Therapy Centre in Prague on 15 September.[11] In late September NHS England agreed to fund the cost of Ashya King's proton therapy treatment.[12] National Health Service (England) was told to fund treatment abroad by European Court of Justice in previous cases.[13]

Burger King[edit]

There has been a Burger King outlet in the foyer of the hospital since around 1995. In November 2014 the Trust announced that they would not be renewing its lease because it no longer fits with the “healthcare environment” it is trying to create in its main reception area. Hampshire GP Dr Hilary Jones approved and said that in the grip of an obesity problem in the UK, hospitals should be setting a good example to patients. However some patient started a petition against this decision on the basis that hospital food was "of a poor standard. Burger King seems to have a much higher quality of food that's cooked fresh and to order.”[14]

Media coverage[edit]

The hospital was the location for the daytime TV fly-on-the-wall documentary series, The General.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Video clips[edit]