Southampton Itchen (UK Parliament constituency)

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Southampton, Itchen
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Southampton, Itchen in Hampshire.
Outline map
Location of Hampshire within England.
County Hampshire
Electorate 74,513 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Southampton
Current constituency
Created 1950
Member of Parliament John Denham (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Southampton
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

Southampton, Itchen is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1992 by John Denham, a member of the Labour Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

The constituency was created in 1950, when the previous two-member Southampton constituency was abolished.

The constituency is named after the River Itchen, the lesser of the two major rivers that flow through the city. Although until the 1970s it was a safe Labour seat, it elected a Conservative MP, Christopher Chope in 1983 and 1987 after the sitting MP Bob Mitchell left Labour in 1981 for the SDP. The combination of Mitchell as a strong SDP-Liberal Alliance candidate in both 1983 and 1987, together with Conservative landslides, made Southampton Itchen highly competitive.

The current Labour MP, John Denham, narrowly defeated Chope by 551 votes in 1992 and held the seat with more substantial majorities until 2010 when he won by just 192 votes. These two election results with marginal majorities, with moderate third-party polling, indicate Southampton Itchen may be thought of as a two-party marginal seat.

Boundaries[edit]

The seat covers the eastern part of the City of Southampton, in southern England, specifically the city centre, the eastern port areas (the Port of Southampton is one of the principal ports of the UK), the exclusive Ocean Village quarter, the inner city council estates and the economically-deprived Thornhill estate on its eastern boundary. It is seen as the more working class of the two constituencies in the city (the other is Southampton Test – named after the other major river).

Southampton Itchen covers the city wards of (with their associated neighbourhoods):

The constituency is bounded to the west by Southampton Test (Labour), to the north and east by Eastleigh (Liberal Democrat) and in the far north by Romsey and Southampton North (Conservative).

Constituency profile[edit]

Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 close to but slightly below than the national average of 3.8%, at 3.5% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian, above the average for the South East seats of 2.5% but below, for example, five seats in East Kent.[2]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Former Cabinet minister John Denham currently represents the seat.

Election Member[3] Party
1950 Ralph Morley Labour
1955 Dr Horace King Labour
1965 Speaker
1971 by-election Bob Mitchell Labour
1981 SDP
1983 Christopher Chope Conservative
1992 John Denham Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Southampton Itchen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Royston Smith
Labour Rowenna Davis
General Election 2010: Southampton Itchen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Denham 16,326 36.8 −11.5
Conservative Royston Smith 16,134 36.3 +9.0
Liberal Democrat David Goodall 9,256 20.8 +0.1
UKIP Alan Kebbell 1,928 4.3 +0.6
Green John Spottiswoode 600 1.4 +1.4
TUSC Tim Cutter 168 0.4 +0.4
Majority 192 0.4
Turnout 44,412 59.6 +4.8
Labour hold Swing −10.3

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Southampton Itchen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Denham 20,871 48.3 −6.2
Conservative Flick Drummond 11,569 26.8 −0.6
Liberal Democrat David Goodall 9,162 21.2 +6.2
UKIP Kim Rose 1,623 3.8 +1.8
Majority 9,302 21.5
Turnout 43,225 55.5 1.5
Labour hold Swing −2.8
General Election 2001: Southampton Itchen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Denham 22,553 54.5 −0.3
Conservative Caroline Nokes 11,330 27.4 −1.0
Liberal Democrat Mark Cooper 6,195 15.0 +3.3
UKIP Kim Rose 829 2.0 +1.7
Socialist Alliance Gavin Marsh 241 0.6
Socialist Labour Michael Holmes 225 0.5
Majority 11,223 27.1
Turnout 41,373 54.0
Labour hold Swing +0.37

Electorate: 76,603

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Southampton Itchen[4][5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Denham 29,498 54.8 +10.8
Conservative Peter Fleet 15,269 28.4 −13.7
Liberal Democrat David Harrison 6,289 11.7 −2.2
Referendum Party John Clegg 1,660 3.1 N/A
Socialist Labour Ken Rose 628 1.2 N/A
UKIP Clive Hoar 172 0.3 N/A
Socialist Alternative Gavin Marsh 113 0.2 N/A
Natural Law Rosemary Barry 110 0.2 N/A
ProLife Alliance Ferdi McDermott 99 0.2 N/A
Majority 14,220 26.4 +21.4
Turnout 53,838 70.0
Labour hold Swing +12.3

Electorate: 76,869

General Election 1992:Southampton Itchen[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Denham 24,402 44.0 +11.9
Conservative Christopher Chope 23,851 43.0 −1.3
Liberal Democrat James R.T. Hodgson 7,221 13.0 −10.6
Majority 551 1.0 −11.2
Turnout 55,474 76.9 +1.1
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +6.6

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Southampton Itchen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher Chope 24,419 44.3
Labour John Denham 17,703 32.1
Social Democrat Bob Mitchell 13,006 23.6
Majority 6,716 12.2
Turnout 75.9
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Southampton Itchen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher Chope 21,937 41.5
Social Democrat Bob Mitchell 16,647 31.5
Labour John Denham 14,324 27.1
Majority 5,290 10.0
Turnout 73.3
Conservative gain from Social Democrat Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Southampton Itchen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bob Mitchell 28,036 46.3
Conservative Andrew Hunter 26,434 43.6
Liberal J. Pinder 6,132 10.1
Majority 1,602 2.6
Turnout 74.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Southampton Itchen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bob Mitchell 28,168 48.9
Conservative P. T. James 20,373 35.4
Liberal Joseph Cherryson 9,071 15.7
Majority 7,795 13.5
Turnout 70.3
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Southampton Itchen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bob Mitchell 27,557 44.0
Conservative P. T. James 21,967 35.0
Liberal Joseph Cherryson 13,173 21.0
Majority 5,590 8.9
Turnout 77.2
Labour hold Swing
Southampton Itchen by-election, 1971
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bob Mitchell 22,575 N/A
Conservative James Spicer 12,900 N/A
National Democratic Edwin Bray 3,090
Liberal Joseph Cherryson 2,214
Majority 9,675
Turnout 29,779
Labour gain from Speaker Swing
General Election 1970: Southampton Itchen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Speaker Horace Maybray King 29,417 67.2
National Democratic Edwin Melbourne Ian Bray 9,581 21.9
Independent Brian Henry Phillips 4,794 11.0
Majority 19,836 45.3
Turnout 54.1
Speaker hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Southampton Itchen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Speaker Horace King 30,463 85.4
Independent K. D. Hunt 5,217 14.6
Majority 25,246 70.8
Turnout 49.0
Speaker hold Swing
General Election 1964: Southampton Itchen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Horace King 28,949 52.7
Conservative G. G. Olson 18,974 34.5
Liberal Joseph Cherryson 7,007 12.8
Majority 9,975 18.2
Turnout 76.1
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Southampton Itchen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Horace King 29,123 53.42
Conservative E.M. King 25,390
Majority 3,733 6.85
Turnout 78.00
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Southampton Itchen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Horace King 29,149 55.49
Conservative L.T. Loader 23,378 44.51
Majority 5,771 10.99
Turnout 78.28
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Southampton Itchen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ralph Morley 30,330 54.12
Liberal National R.J. Stranger 25,708 45.88
Majority 4,622 8.25
Turnout 83.59
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Southampton Itchen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ralph Morley 29,749 53.44 N/A
Liberal National R.H. Hobart 24,536 44.08 N/A
Independent W. Craven-Ellis 1,380 2.48 N/A
Majority 5,213 9.36 N/A
Turnout 84.0 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "I" [self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 7 January 2011. 
  5. ^ C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.150 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
  6. ^ The 1997 election result is calculated relative to the notional, not the actual, 1992 result.
  7. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Cities of London and Westminster
Constituency represented by the Speaker
1965–1971
Succeeded by
Wirral

Coordinates: 50°55′N 1°21′W / 50.917°N 1.350°W / 50.917; -1.350