Southease

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Southease
Southease church
Southease church
Southease is located in East Sussex
Southease
Southease
 Southease shown within East Sussex
Area  11.26 km2 (4.35 sq mi) -Rodmell & Southease[1]
Population 502 (2007) [1]
   – density  115.5 /sq mi (44.6 /km2)
OS grid reference TQ421053
   – London  47 miles (76 km) N 
District Lewes
Shire county East Sussex
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LEWES
Postcode district BN7 3
Dialling code 01273
Police Sussex
Fire East Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Lewes
Website http://southeasevillage.info/index.htm
List of places
UK
England
East Sussex

Coordinates: 50°50′N 0°01′E / 50.83°N 0.02°E / 50.83; 0.02

Southease is a small village and civil parish in East Sussex, in South East England between the A26 road and the road from Lewes to Newhaven. The village is to the west of the River Ouse, Sussex and has a church dedicated to Saint Peter. Southease railway station lies roughly a kilometre east over the river and may be reached via a swing bridge.

The church has one of only three round towers in Sussex, all of which are located in the Ouse Valley and all three built in the first half of the 12th century.

It is downstream of Lewes, the county town of East Sussex and upstream of Piddinghoe and Newhaven. Paths along both the banks of the river allow hiking in either direction along the river. The remains of a slipway on the west bank of the Ouse just north of the bridge faces Mount Caburn. The nearest village is Rodmell, about a kilometre to the northwest.

The South Downs Way winds its way through the village towards the nearby River Ouse and the railway station. A new bridge has been built over the A26.[2]

The village also has a horticultural nursery.[3]

Most cottages in the village date from the 17th century.[4]

The population of the village is about thirty.[5]

History[edit]

Southease Green

King Eadred was reputed to have granted the manor of Southease (including Southease parish, 38 hides, a church and part of South Heighton) to Hyde Abbey.[4] It was granted to the abbey again by King Edward in 996.[4] The church dates from the year 966.[6]

At the time of the Domesday Book a thriving community was in place and the village appears to have been the biggest herring fishery in the district, having been assessed for 38,500 herring while Brighton had a mere 4,000.

After the dissolution of the monasteries, the manor probably remained in possession of the King and in 1546 one John Kerne was appointed bailiff and collector of the manors of Southease, Telscombe and Heighton.[4] There was never a manor house in Southease as it was always owned by absentee landlords.[6]

The manor passed to the Sackville family - it was held by Thomas Sackville, his widow Cicely and their grandson Robert.[4]

The population of the parish declined through the 19th century.[7] The census recorded a population of 120 in 1841 with the population falling with each census to 66 in 1891.[7]

The body of Virginia Woolf was found at Asham Wharf, on the east bank of the Ouse, to the north of the bridge.[8]

The church bells were rehung in 2000.[6]

Southease swing bridge[edit]

The bridge was built in the 1880s, is the second bridge on the site and though the swing mechanism remains, it has not been opened since 1967.[9] In September 2009 the bridge was granted Grade II listed building status.[10] The bridge was closed from 8 June to 26 November 2010 and a scaffold bridge was put in place for walkers and cyclists while the original bridge structure was lifted into the adjacent Environment Agency yard, restored and then replaced.[11][12] Before bridges spanned the Ouse, the Stock Ferry, several hundred yards down stream of the current bridge, was the usual way of crossing.[4]

Governance[edit]

On a local level, Southease parish is governed as a Parish Meeting with twice yearly meetings of the parish electorate.

The next level of government is the district council. The parish of Southease lies within the Kingston ward of Lewes District Council, which returns a single seat to the council. The election on 4 May 2007 elected a Liberal Democrat[13]

East Sussex County Council is the next tier of government, for which Southease is within the Newhaven and Ouse Valley West division, with responsibility for Education, Libraries, Social Services, Civil Registration, Trading Standards and Transport. Elections for the County Council are held every four years. The Liberal Democrat David Rogers OBE was elected in the 2005 election.[14]

The UK Parliament constituency for Southease is Lewes. The Liberal Democrat Norman Baker has been serving as the constituency MP since 1997.

At European level, Southease is represented by the South-East region, which holds ten seats in the European Parliament. The June 2004 election returned 4 Conservatives, 2 Liberal Democrats, 2 UK Independence, 1 Labour and 1 Green, none of whom live in East Sussex.[15]

References[edit]

Southease swing bridge
  1. ^ a b "East Sussex in Figures". East Sussex County Council. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 
  2. ^ New Bridge over A26 near Southease
  3. ^ Plant nursery details on village homepage.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Southease, A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 7, L. F. Salzman (editor), retrieved May 15, 2009
  5. ^ "SOUTHEASE village". rodmell.net. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  6. ^ a b c Southease, Rodmell, Telscombe, Louise Schweitzer
  7. ^ a b "Sussex Online Parish Clerks - Southease". Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  8. ^ Newhaven to Lewes walk - mentions Asham Wharf
  9. ^ Sussex Industrial Archaeology Society page with information on Southease Bridge and railway
  10. ^ Historic swing bridge saved, Sussex Express, 17 September 2009, retrieved 21 September 2009
  11. ^ Southease bridge to under go refurbishment, [1], retrieved 22 January 2010
  12. ^ Alan H.J. Green. "Southease Swing Bridge Reopens". Sussex Industrial Archaeology Newsletter (Sussex Industrial Archaeology Society) (149): 7–10. 
  13. ^ "Election Results". Lewes District Council. 2007-05-04. Retrieved 2008-11-15. [dead link]
  14. ^ "Councillor David Rogers OBE". Find your Councillor. East Sussex County Council. Retrieved 2008-11-15. 
  15. ^ "UK MEP's". UK Office of the European Parliament. Archived from the original on 2007-09-17. Retrieved 2007-09-19. 

External links[edit]