Southern Administrative Okrug

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Coordinates: 55°38′N 37°40′E / 55.633°N 37.667°E / 55.633; 37.667

Southern Administrative Okrug on the 2011 map of Moscow

Southern Administrative Okrug, or Yuzhny Administrative Okrug (Russian: Ю́жный администрати́вный о́круг), is one of the twelve administrative okrugs of Moscow. It was founded in 1991 and has an area of 132 square kilometers (51 sq mi). District's population: 1,716,808 (2010 Census);[1] 1,593,065 (2002 Census).[2]

The okrug is bordered by Leninsky Avenue in the north, the Moscow Ring Road in the south, by the valley of the Moskva River in the east, and by the river valley and a part of Kotlovka Bitsevsky forest in the west.[3]

History[edit]

Danilov Monastery Cathedral

The territory that comprises modern Southern Administrative Okrug attracted settlers from time immemorial, even in spite of the fact that it has historically been an unsafe area where enemies would attack first. In order to protect the borders, powerful monasteries were built. The first of them was Danilov Monastery, founded in 1271 by Prince Daniil of Moscow.

In 1593, the Donskoy Monastery was established to commemorate the victory over Khan Kazi-Girei. Near the monastery, along the roads of the villages and hamlets, began to emerge Verkhniye and Nizhniye Kotly, Sadovniki, Nagatino, Kotlyakovo, Chertanovo, Annino, Biryulyovo, Tsaritsyno, Borisova, Orekhovo, and others. All of these names are preserved today in the okrug. Kolomna was one of the first villages to appear in the area. Urban development in the area began to emerge later in the 16th–17th centuries along with the architectural ensemble Kolomenskoye.

Today the okrug encompasses architecture known around the world, such as the Church of the Ascension, which is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.[4]

Districts[edit]

The okrug is divided into sixteen districts:

References[edit]

External links[edit]