Southern Bell

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Not to be confused with Southern belle.
For the company founded in 1983 as Southern Bell, see BellSouth Telecommunications.
Southern Bell Telephone and Telegraph Company
Industry Telecommunications
Fate Merged
Successors SBT&T Co.
Founded 1879
Defunct 1983
Headquarters Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
Products Local Telephone Service
Parent American Bell (1879-1899)
AT&T (1899-1983)

Southern Bell Telephone and Telegraph Company was the Bell Operating Company serving the states of Georgia, Florida, North Carolina and South Carolina prior to the divestiture. Southern Bell began 1879 as The Atlanta Telephonic Exchange and was based in Atlanta. It changed its name to Southern Bell.[1] Southern Bell also operated in Charleston and other parts of West Virginia from 1883 until 1917, when The Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company of West Virginia took over operations.[2]

Split[edit]

On December 20, 1967 Southern Bell Telephone and Telegraph Company formed South Central Bell Telephone Company to operate in five of its nine states (Alabama, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi and Tennessee). A similar arrangement occurred in 1961 when Pacific Northwest Bell was formed from Pacific Telephone.

Reincorporation[edit]

Southern Bell logo, 1960-1969

Southern Bell, originally incorporated in New York, was reincorporated in Georgia in 1983 as SBT&T Co.[3] The original Southern Bell was then merged into SBT&T Co., at which point that company was renamed Southern Bell. Since BellSouth, the new owner of Southern Bell and South Central Bell upon the divestiture of AT&T, was based in Georgia, it was more practical to have Southern Bell incorporated in the same state. Southern Bell was renamed BellSouth Telecommunications until It was merged into AT&T in 2006.


Southern Bell was headquartered in (what is now) the AT&T Midtown Center building in Atlanta, Georgia. Most Atlanta operations have now been relocated to AT&T Headquarters on San Antonio, Texas. Downtown Atlanta's telephone exchange is located in the Art Deco AT&T Communications Building.

References[edit]