Southern Command (United Kingdom)

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Southern Command
Active 1905-1972
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Type Command
Garrison/HQ Wilton

Southern Command was a Command of the British Army.

History[edit]

In January 1876 a ‘Mobilization Scheme for the forces in Great Britain and Ireland’ was published, with the ‘Active Army’ divided into eight army corps based on the major Commands and Districts. This scheme disappeared in 1881, when the districts were retitled ‘District Commands’. Second Army Corps was an additional title given to the local district command at Salisbury Plain under Sir Evelyn Wood on 1 October 1901.[1]

Southern Command was established in 1905 from the Second Army Corps and was initially based at Tidworth Camp[2] but in 1949 moved to Erskine Barracks near Fugglestone St Peter in Wiltshire.[3][4]

In 1939 regular troops reporting to Southern Command included 1st Armoured Division, based at Andover, and 3rd Infantry Division, based at Bulford.[5] Other Regular Troops reporting to Southern Command at that time included:[5]

  • 8th Royal Tank Regiment
  • 9th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery
  • 6th/23rd Field Battery, 12th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery
  • 3rd Medium Regiment, Royal Artillery
  • 4th Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery
  • 1st Survey Regiment, Royal Artillery
  • 2nd Survey Regiment, Royal Artillery
  • 2nd Searchlight Regiment, Royal Artillery

The Command was merged into HQ UK Land Forces (HQ UKLF) in 1972.

General Officers Commanding-in-Chief[edit]

General Officers Commanding-in-Chief have included:[6][7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A command for Sir Evelyn Wood" The Times (London). Thursday, 5 September 1901. (36552), p. 4
  2. ^ General Sir Ian Hamilton at the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
  3. ^ 'Fugglestone St Peter', in A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 6 (1962), pp. 37-50 online
  4. ^ Subterranea Britannica
  5. ^ a b Patriot Files
  6. ^ Whitaker's Almanacks 1905 - 1972
  7. ^ Southern Command at Regiments.org
  8. ^ Army Commands