Geography of the Cook Islands

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The Cook Islands can be divided into two groups: the Southern Cook Islands and the Northern Cook Islands.

Southern Cook Islands[edit]

Northern Cook Islands[edit]


Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand


Geographic coordinates
21°14′S 159°46′W / 21.233°S 159.767°W / -21.233; -159.767
Map references
  • Total: 240 km2 (93 sq mi)
  • Land: 240 km²
  • Water: 0 km2 (0 sq mi)
Area - comparative
1.3 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
0 km (0 mi)
120 km (75 mi)
Maritime claims
  • Continental shelf: 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi) or to the edge of the continental margin
  • Exclusive economic zone: 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi)
  • Territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi)
Tropical; moderated by trade winds
Low coral atolls in north; volcanic, hilly islands in south
Elevation extremes
  • Lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m (0 ft)
  • Highest point: Te Manga 652 m (2,139 ft)
Natural resources
Land use
  • Arable land: 9%
  • Permanent crops: 13%
  • Permanent pastures: 0%
  • Forests and woodland: 0%
  • Other: 78% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land
NA km²
Natural hazards
Typhoons (November to March)
Environment - current issues
Environment - international agreements
  • Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea
  • Signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol