Southern crested newt

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Southern crested newt
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Salamandridae
Genus: Triturus
Species: T. karelinii
Binomial name
Triturus karelinii
(Strauch, 1870)
Varieties

Triturus karelinii karelinii Triturus karelinii arntzeni

Triturus karelinii dis.png
Synonyms
  • Triton karelinii (Strauch, 1870)
  • Triton longipes (Strauch, 1870)
  • Molge cristata var. karelinii (Boulenger, 1882)
  • Molge cristata var. longipes (Boulenger, 1882)
  • Triton cristatus var. karelinii (Durigen, 1897)
  • Triton lobatus spp. meridionalis (Fatio, 1900)
  • Turanomolge mensbieri (Nikolskii, 1918)
  • Molge karelinii var. macedonica (Karman, 1922)
  • Triton cristatus karelinii forma taurica (Wolterstorff, 1923)
  • Triton cristatus karelinii forma byzanthina (Wolterstroff, 1923)
  • Triton cristatus karelinii forma bureschi (Wolterstorff, 1925)
  • Triotn (Neotriton) carnifex karelinii (Bolkay, 1927)
  • Triturus cristatus karelinii (Mertens & Muller, 1928)
  • Triturus cristatus karelinii forma rilaica (Buresch & Zonkov, 1941)
  • Turanomolge menzbieri (Terentjev & Chernov, 1949)
  • Triturus cristatus carnifex var. albanicus (Dely, 1959)
  • Triturus cristatus karelinii (Mertens & Wermuth, 1960)

The southern crested newt (Triturus karelinii) is a terrestrial European newt. It is similar to the northern crested newt (Triturus cristatus) except larger and more robust.

Physical characteristics[edit]

Southern crested newts are brown to gray dorsally, with darker patches scattered about. Their bellies and throats are orange, with small black dots. They grow up to 7.1 in (18 cm).[1] Males have a large jagged crest from behind their necks down to their tails.

Range[edit]

Southern crested newts live from Serbia east to the Caspian Sea, and south to central Turkey.[1]

Habitat[edit]

The southern crested newt lives in a variety of mountain habitats, including both broadleaf and coniferous forests, slopes, and plateaus.[1]

Lifecycle[edit]

Sexual maturity is reached at three to four years old. During the breeding season, they are found in most sources of water, such as swamps, lakes, stagnant ponds, ditches and temporary pools, and streams.[1] Males usually live to about eight, and females to 11 years old.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d livingunderworld.org [1]; Accessed 12/22/06
  2. ^ www-leca.ujf-grenoble.fr [2] Accessed 1/3/07

External links[edit]