Southern Cross, Western Australia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Southern Cross
Western Australia
Southern Cross, Western Australia.jpg
Southern Cross townsite
Southern Cross is located in Western Australia
Southern Cross
Southern Cross
Coordinates 31°13′50″S 119°19′40″E / 31.23056°S 119.32778°E / -31.23056; 119.32778Coordinates: 31°13′50″S 119°19′40″E / 31.23056°S 119.32778°E / -31.23056; 119.32778
Population 762 (2011)[1]
Established 1890
Postcode(s) 6426
Elevation 355 m (1,165 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Yilgarn
State electorate(s) Eyre
Federal Division(s) O'Connor
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
25.5 °C
78 °F
10.7 °C
51 °F
294.9 mm
11.6 in

Southern Cross is a town in Western Australia, Australia, 371 kilometres east of state capital Perth on the Great Eastern Highway. It was founded by gold prospectors in 1888, and gazetted in 1890.[2] It is the major town and administrative centre of the Shire of Yilgarn.[3] At the 2011 census, Southern Cross had a population of 762.[1]

The town of Southern Cross is one of the many towns which run along the Mundaring to Kalgoorlie Goldfields Water Supply Scheme engineered by C. Y. O'Connor.[4]

A succession of gold rushes in the Yilgarn region near Southern Cross in 1887, at Coolgardie in 1892, and at Kalgoorlie in 1893 caused a population explosion in the barren and dry desert centre of Western Australia.

It is named after the Southern Cross constellation, and the town's streets are named after constellations and stars.[5][2][6]

The surrounding areas produce wheat and other cereal crops. The town is a receival site for Cooperative Bulk Handling.[7]

Railway station[edit]

Southern Cross railway station, Western Australia is on the standard gauge railway from Perth to Kalgoorlie. The construction and opening of the line from Perth was completed on 1 May 1967, and the connection to Kalgoorlie via Koolyanobbing was completed by 4 November 1968 [8]

The Prospector and Indian Pacific passenger trains service the town.

Narrow gauge line[edit]

The former narrow gauge railway reached Southern Cross on 1 July 1894.[9][10][11] and the Southern Cross to Coolgardie narrow gauge railway (via Boorabbin) was closed 29 November 1971 [12]

In 1932 the Wheat Pool of Western Australia announced that the town would have two grain elevators, each fitted with an engine, installed at the railway siding.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Southern Cross (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 30 October 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names". Retrieved 18 February 2008. 
  3. ^ "Shire of Yilgarn, Western Australia". Shire of Yilgarn. Retrieved 18 February 2008. 
  4. ^ "Southern Cross". Heritage Australia. Retrieved 18 February 2008. 
  5. ^ "YAS - Information Southern Cross". yilgarn.com.au. 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "Southern Cross". The Sydney Morning Herald. February 8, 2004. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  7. ^ "CBH receival sites". 2011. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  8. ^ page 63 Quinlan, Howard; Newland, John R; Australian Railway Historical Society. New South Wales Division (2000). Australian railway routes 1854 to 2000. Australian Railway Historical Society - New South Wales Division. ISBN 978-0-909650-49-0 
  9. ^ Milne, Rod Wheat, Gold and Humming Birds: Southern Cross in Diesel Days Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, December, 2001 pp443-449
  10. ^ Searle, M. J (January 1983). "The Eastern and Eastern Goldfields Railways [Series of parts] Part 1: construction and opening". RIM: Western Australian Railways Institute Magazine 80 (Jan 1983): 3–8. Retrieved 12 November 2012 
  11. ^ Searle, M. J (February 1983). "The Eastern and Eastern Goldfields Railways [Series of parts] Part 2. - Constructions of extensions-". RIM: Western Australian Railways Institute Magazine 80 (Feb 1983): 2–3, 5–6. Retrieved 12 November 2012 
  12. ^ page 67 Quinlan, Howard; Newland, John R; Australian Railway Historical Society. New South Wales Division (2000). Australian railway routes 1854 to 2000. Australian Railway Historical Society - New South Wales Division. ISBN 978-0-909650-49-0 
  13. ^ "Country elevators". The West Australian (Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 6 July 1932. p. 10. Retrieved 6 April 2013. 
Preceding station   Transwa Trains network   Following station
towards East Perth
Prospector
towards Kalgoorlie
Preceding station   Great Southern Railway   Following station
towards East Perth
Indian Pacific
towards Sydney