Southern Cross, Western Australia

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Southern Cross
Western Australia
Southern Cross, Western Australia.jpg
Southern Cross townsite
Southern Cross is located in Western Australia
Southern Cross
Southern Cross
Coordinates 31°13′50″S 119°19′40″E / 31.23056°S 119.32778°E / -31.23056; 119.32778Coordinates: 31°13′50″S 119°19′40″E / 31.23056°S 119.32778°E / -31.23056; 119.32778
Population 762 (2011)[1]
Established 1890
Postcode(s) 6426
Elevation 355 m (1,165 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Yilgarn
State electorate(s) Eyre
Federal Division(s) O'Connor
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
25.5 °C
78 °F
10.7 °C
51 °F
294.9 mm
11.6 in

Southern Cross is a town in Western Australia, 371 kilometres east of state capital Perth on the Great Eastern Highway. It was founded by gold prospectors in 1888, and gazetted in 1890.[2] It is the major town and administrative centre of the Shire of Yilgarn.[3] At the 2011 census, Southern Cross had a population of 762.[1]

The town of Southern Cross is one of the many towns which run along the Mundaring to Kalgoorlie Goldfields Water Supply Scheme engineered by C. Y. O'Connor.[4]

A succession of gold rushes in the Yilgarn region near Southern Cross in 1887, at Coolgardie in 1892, and at Kalgoorlie in 1893 caused a population explosion in the barren and dry desert centre of Western Australia.

It is named after the Southern Cross constellation, and the town's streets are named after constellations and stars.[5][2][6]

The surrounding areas produce wheat and other cereal crops. The town is a receival site for Cooperative Bulk Handling.[7]

Railway station[edit]

Southern Cross railway station, Western Australia is on the standard gauge railway from Perth to Kalgoorlie. The construction and opening of the line from Perth was completed on 1 May 1967, and the connection to Kalgoorlie via Koolyanobbing was completed by 4 November 1968 [8]

The Prospector and Indian Pacific passenger trains service the town.

Narrow gauge line[edit]

The former narrow gauge railway reached Southern Cross on 1 July 1894.[9][10][11] and the Southern Cross to Coolgardie narrow gauge railway (via Boorabbin) was closed 29 November 1971 [12] 1903 Percival Forrester arrived with six milking cows to set up a dairy. He came with the cows from the family station Minburra at Orroroo in South Australia, via Port Augusta and sailing ship to Fremantle Port. He then walked the six cows to Southern Cross.

In 1932 the Wheat Pool of Western Australia announced that the town would have two grain elevators, each fitted with an engine, installed at the railway siding.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Southern Cross (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 30 October 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names". Retrieved 18 February 2008. 
  3. ^ "Shire of Yilgarn, Western Australia". Shire of Yilgarn. Retrieved 18 February 2008. 
  4. ^ "Southern Cross". Heritage Australia. Retrieved 18 February 2008. 
  5. ^ "YAS - Information Southern Cross". yilgarn.com.au. 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "Southern Cross". The Sydney Morning Herald. February 8, 2004. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  7. ^ "CBH receival sites". 2011. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  8. ^ page 63 Quinlan, Howard; Newland, John R; Australian Railway Historical Society. New South Wales Division (2000). Australian railway routes 1854 to 2000. Australian Railway Historical Society - New South Wales Division. ISBN 978-0-909650-49-0 
  9. ^ Milne, Rod Wheat, Gold and Humming Birds: Southern Cross in Diesel Days Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, December, 2001 pp443-449
  10. ^ Searle, M. J (January 1983). "The Eastern and Eastern Goldfields Railways [Series of parts] Part 1: construction and opening". RIM: Western Australian Railways Institute Magazine 80 (Jan 1983): 3–8. Retrieved 12 November 2012 
  11. ^ Searle, M. J (February 1983). "The Eastern and Eastern Goldfields Railways [Series of parts] Part 2. - Constructions of extensions-". RIM: Western Australian Railways Institute Magazine 80 (Feb 1983): 2–3, 5–6. Retrieved 12 November 2012 
  12. ^ page 67 Quinlan, Howard; Newland, John R; Australian Railway Historical Society. New South Wales Division (2000). Australian railway routes 1854 to 2000. Australian Railway Historical Society - New South Wales Division. ISBN 978-0-909650-49-0 
  13. ^ "Country elevators". The West Australian (Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 6 July 1932. p. 10. Retrieved 6 April 2013. 
Preceding station   Transwa Trains network   Following station
towards East Perth
Prospector
towards Kalgoorlie
Preceding station   Great Southern Railway   Following station
towards East Perth
Indian Pacific
towards Sydney