United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
|United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
|Appeals to||Second Circuit|
|Established||September 24, 1789|
|Chief judge||Loretta A. Preska|
The United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (in case citations, S.D.N.Y.) is a federal district court. Appeals from the Southern District of New York are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
The Southern District is one of the most influential and active federal district courts in the United States, largely because of its jurisdiction over New York's major financial centers. The current U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York is Preet Bharara.
The Court's jurisdiction comprises the following counties: New York (Manhattan), Bronx, Westchester, Putnam, Rockland, Orange, Dutchess, and Sullivan. The United States Attorney's Office for the Southern District of New York represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. The court sits in the Thurgood Marshall United States Courthouse and Daniel Patrick Moynihan United States Courthouse, both in Manhattan, and in the Charles L. Brieant Federal Building and Courthouse in White Plains. One Magistrate Judge also sits in Middletown.
The United States District Court for the District of New York was one of the original 13 courts established by the Judiciary Act of 1789, 1 Stat. 73, on September 24, 1789. According to historian Jeffrey B. Morris, “[w]hen Judge [James] Duane convened the district court for the District of New York—at the former Royal Exchange at the foot of Broad Street on November 3, 1789, it was the first meeting of a court ever held under the sovereignty of the U.S.” The Act of April 9, 1814, 3 Stat. 120, divided the District of New York into Northern and Southern Districts. The subdivision of the district was reportedly instigated by Matthias Burnett Tallmadge, out of antipathy for fellow district judge William P. Van Ness. These Districts were later further subdivided with the creation of Eastern District on February 25, 1865 by 13 Stat. 438, and the Western District on May 12, 1900, by 31 Stat. 175.
For the first hundred years of its existence, the case load of the District was dominated first by admiralty cases, and then by a mix of admiralty and bankruptcy cases. The primary responsibility for hearing bankruptcy cases has since been transferred to the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York, with the District Court only reviewing cases already decided by a bankruptcy judge.
Since its creation, the Southern District of New York has had 142 judges, more than any other District. Twelve judges from the Southern District of New York have been elevated to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit - Augustus Noble Hand, Barrington Daniels Parker, Jr., Charles Merrill Hough, Irving Kaufman, John M. Walker, Jr., Julius Marshuetz Mayer, Learned Hand, Pierre N. Leval, Sonia Sotomayor, Wilfred Feinberg, Gerard E. Lynch, and Denny Chin. Two judges, Samuel Blatchford and Sonia Sotomayor, were elevated from the Southern District of New York to serve as Circuit Judge for the Second Circuit and were later elevated to the Supreme Court of the United States. The longest serving judge, David Norton Edelstein, served as an active judge for 43 years to the day, and in senior status for an additional six years.
The U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York has 28 authorized judgeships, filled by judges appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. Twenty four judges who have taken senior status are eligible to continue hearing cases. As of June 1, 2009, the Chief Judge of the District is Judge Loretta A. Preska, succeeding Judge Kimba Wood, who assumed senior status. Senior Judge Charles S. Haight, Jr. sits by designation with the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut.
The District Judges (active and senior) sitting are:
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|102||Chief District Judge||Loretta A. Preska||New York City||1949||1992–present||2009–present||—||G.H.W. Bush|
|110||District Judge||John G. Koeltl||New York City||1945||1994–present||—||—||Clinton|
|119||District Judge||Colleen McMahon||New York City||1951||1998–present||—||—||Clinton|
|120||District Judge||William H. Pauley||New York City||1952||1998–present||—||—||Clinton|
|123||District Judge||George B. Daniels||New York City||1953||2000–present||—||—||Clinton|
|125||District Judge||Laura Taylor Swain||New York City||1958||2000–present||—||—||Clinton|
|126||District Judge||P. Kevin Castel||New York City||1950||2003–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|129||District Judge||Kenneth M. Karas||White Plains||1964||2004–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|130||District Judge||Paul A. Crotty||New York City||1941||2005–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|131||District Judge||Richard Sullivan||New York City||1964||2007–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|132||District Judge||Cathy Seibel||White Plains||1960||2008–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|133||District Judge||Paul G. Gardephe||New York City||1957||2008–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|134||District Judge||Vincent L. Briccetti||White Plains||1954||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|135||District Judge||J. Paul Oetken||New York City||1965||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|136||District Judge||Paul A. Engelmayer||New York City||1961||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|137||District Judge||Katherine B. Forrest||New York City||1964||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|138||District Judge||Alison J. Nathan||New York City||1972||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|139||District Judge||Edgardo Ramos||New York City||1960||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|140||District Judge||Andrew L. Carter, Jr.||New York City||1969||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|141||District Judge||Jesse M. Furman||New York City||1972||2012–present||—||—||Obama|
|142||District Judge||Ronnie Abrams||New York City||1968||2012–present||—||—||Obama|
|143||District Judge||Lorna G. Schofield||New York City||1956||2012–present||—||—||Obama|
|144||District Judge||Katherine Polk Failla||New York City||1969||2013–present||—||—||Obama|
|145||District Judge||Analisa Torres||New York City||1959||2013–present||—||—||Obama|
|146||District Judge||Nelson S. Roman||White Plains||1960||2013–present||—||—||Obama|
|147||District Judge||Vernon S. Broderick||New York City||1963||2013–present||—||—||Obama|
|148||District Judge||Gregory Howard Woods||New York City||1969||2013–present||—||—||Obama|
|149||District Judge||Valerie E. Caproni||1955||2013–present||—||—||Obama|
|70||Senior District Judge||Thomas P. Griesa||New York City||1930||1972–2000||1993–2000||2000–present||Nixon|
|74||Senior District Judge||Kevin Thomas Duffy||New York City||1933||1972–1998||—||1998–present||Nixon|
|77||Senior District Judge||Richard Owen||New York City||1922||1973–1989||—||1989–present||Nixon|
|79||Senior District Judge||Charles S. Haight, Jr.||New Haven, CT||1930||1976–1995||—||1995–present||Ford|
|83||Senior District Judge||Robert W. Sweet||New York City||1922||1978–1991||—||1991–present||Carter|
|84||Senior District Judge||Leonard B. Sand||New York City||1928||1978–1993||—||1993–present||Carter|
|89||Senior District Judge||John F. Keenan||New York City||1929||1983–1996||—||1996–present||Reagan|
|91||Senior District Judge||Louis L. Stanton||New York City||1927||1985–1996||—||1996–present||Reagan|
|93||Senior District Judge||Miriam Goldman Cedarbaum||New York City||1929||1986–1998||—||1998–present||Reagan|
|97||Senior District Judge||Kimba Wood||New York City||1944||1988–2009||2006–2009||2009–present||Reagan|
|98||Senior District Judge||Robert P. Patterson, Jr.||New York City||1923||1988–1998||—||1998–present||Reagan|
|100||Senior District Judge||Lawrence M. McKenna||New York City||1933||1990–2002||—||2002–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|105||Senior District Judge||Deborah A. Batts||New York City||1947||1994–2012||—||2012–present||Clinton|
|106||Senior District Judge||Harold Baer, Jr.||New York City||1933||1994–2004||—||2004–present||Clinton|
|108||Senior District Judge||Denise Cote||New York City||1946||1994–2011||—||2011–present||Clinton|
|109||Senior District Judge||Lewis A. Kaplan||New York City||1944||1994–2011||—||2011–present||Clinton|
|112||Senior District Judge||Shira A. Scheindlin||New York City||1946||1994–2011||—||2011–present||Clinton|
|113||Senior District Judge||Sidney H. Stein||New York City||1945||1995–2010||—||2010–present||Clinton|
|115||Senior District Judge||Jed S. Rakoff||New York City||1943||1996–2010||—||2010–present||Clinton|
|117||Senior District Judge||Richard M. Berman||New York City||1943||1998–2011||—||2011–present||Clinton|
|118||Senior District Judge||Alvin Hellerstein||New York City||1933||1998–2011||—||2011–present||Clinton|
|121||Senior District Judge||Naomi Reice Buchwald||New York City||1944||1999–2012||—||2012–present||Clinton|
|122||Senior District Judge||Victor Marrero||New York City||1941||1999–2010||—||2010–present||Clinton|
Vacancies and pending nominations
There are no current vacancies.
|#||Judge||State||Born/Died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for
|1||Van Ness, William PeterWilliam Peter Van Ness||NY||1778–1826||1812–1826||—||—||Madison, Madison||death|
|2||Betts, Samuel RossiterSamuel Rossiter Betts||NY||1786–1868||1826–1867||—||—||Adams, J.Q.J.Q. Adams||resignation|
|3||Blatchford, SamuelSamuel Blatchford||NY||1820–1893||1867–1878||—||—||Johnson, A.A. Johnson||reappointment|
|4||Choate, William GardnerWilliam Gardner Choate||NY||1830–1920||1878–1881||—||—||Hayes, Hayes||resignation|
|5||Brown, AddisonAddison Brown||NY||1830–1913||1881–1901||—||—||Garfield, Garfield||retirement|
|6||Adams, George BethuneGeorge Bethune Adams||NY||1845–1911||1901–1911||—||—||McKinley, McKinley||death|
|7||Holt, George ChandlerGeorge Chandler Holt||NY||1843–1931||1903–1914||—||—||Roosevelt, T.T. Roosevelt||retirement|
|8||Hough, Charles MerrillCharles Merrill Hough||NY||1858–1927||1906–1916||—||—||Roosevelt, T.T. Roosevelt||reappointment|
|9||Hand, LearnedLearned Hand||NY||1872–1961||1909–1924||—||—||Taft, Taft||reappointment|
|10||Mayer, Julius MarshuetzJulius Marshuetz Mayer||NY||1865–1925||1912–1921||—||—||Taft, Taft||reappointment|
|11||Hand, Augustus NobleAugustus Noble Hand||NY||1869–1954||1914–1927||—||—||Wilson, Wilson||reappointment|
|12||Manton, MartinMartin Manton||NY||1880–1946||1916–1918||—||—||Wilson, Wilson||reappointment|
|13||Knox, John C.John C. Knox||NY||1881–1966||1918–1955||1948–1955||1955–1966||Wilson, Wilson||death|
|14||Goddard, Henry W.Henry W. Goddard||NY||1876–1955||1923–1954||—||1954–1955||Harding, Harding||death|
|15||Winslow, Francis A.Francis A. Winslow||NY||1866–1932||1923–1929||—||—||Harding, Harding||resignation|
|16||Bondy, WilliamWilliam Bondy||NY||1870–1964||1923–1956||1955–1956||1956–1964||Harding, Harding||death|
|17||Thacher, Thomas D.Thomas D. Thacher||NY||1881–1950||1925–1930||—||—||Coolidge, Coolidge||resignation|
|18||Coleman, Frank JosephFrank Joseph Coleman||NY||1886–1934||1927–1934||—||—||Coolidge, Coolidge||death|
|19||Woolsey, John M.John M. Woolsey||NY||1877–1945||1929–1943||—||1943–1945||Hoover, Hoover||death|
|20||Caffey, Francis GordonFrancis Gordon Caffey||NY||1868–1951||1929–1947||—||1947–1951||Hoover, Hoover||death|
|21||Coxe Jr., Alfred ConklingAlfred Conkling Coxe Jr.||NY||1880–1957||1929–1951||—||1951–1957||Hoover, Hoover||death|
|22||Patterson, Robert P.Robert P. Patterson||NY||1891–1952||1930–1939||—||—||Hoover, Hoover||reappointment|
|23||Hulbert, G. MurrayG. Murray Hulbert||NY||1881–1950||1934–1950||—||—||Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt||death|
|24||Leibell, Vincent L.Vincent L. Leibell||NY||1883–1968||1936–1954||—||1954–1968||Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt||death|
|25||Clancy, John WilliamJohn William Clancy||NY||1899–1969||1936–1959||1956–1959||1959–1969||Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt||death|
|26||Mandelbaum, SamuelSamuel Mandelbaum||NY||1884–1946||1936–1946||—||—||Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt||death|
|27||Conger, EdwardEdward Conger||NY||1882–1963||1938–1954||—||1954–1963||Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt||death|
|28||Bright, JohnJohn Bright||NY||1884–1948||1941–1948||—||—||Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt||death|
|29||Rifkind, Simon HirschSimon Hirsch Rifkind||NY||1901–1995||1941–1950||—||—||Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt||resignation|
|30||Medina, HaroldHarold Medina||NY||1888–1990||1947–1951||—||—||Truman, Truman||reappointment|
|31||Ryan, Sylvester J.Sylvester J. Ryan||NY||1896–1981||1947–1973||1959–1966||1973–1981||Truman, Truman||death|
|32||Kaufman, Samuel H.Samuel H. Kaufman||NY||1893–1960||1948–1955||—||1955–1960||Truman, Truman||death|
|33||Kaufman, IrvingIrving Kaufman||NY||1910–1992||1949–1961||—||—||Truman, Truman||reappointment|
|34||McGohey, John F. X.John F. X. McGohey||NY||1894–1972||1949–1970||—||1970–1972||Truman, Truman||death|
|35||Noonan, Gregory FrancisGregory Francis Noonan||NY||1906–1964||1949–1964||—||—||Truman, Truman||death|
|36||Sugarman, SidneySidney Sugarman||NY||1904–1974||1949–1971||1966–1971||1971–1974||Truman, Truman||death|
|37||Weinfeld, EdwardEdward Weinfeld||NY||1901–1988||1950–1988||—||—||Truman, Truman||death|
|38||Murphy, Thomas FrancisThomas Francis Murphy||NY||1905–1995||1951–1970||—||1970–1995||Truman, Truman||death|
|39||Dimock, Edward JordanEdward Jordan Dimock||NY||1890–1986||1951–1961||—||1961–1986||Truman, Truman||death|
|40||Edelstein, David NortonDavid Norton Edelstein||NY||1910–2000||1951–1994||1971–1980||1994–2000||Truman, Truman||death|
|41||Dawson, Archie OwenArchie Owen Dawson||NY||1898–1964||1954–1964||—||—||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||death|
|42||Walsh, Lawrence EdwardLawrence Edward Walsh||NY||1912–present||1954–1957||—||—||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||resignation|
|43||Bicks, AlexanderAlexander Bicks||NY||1901–1963||1954–1963||—||—||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||death|
|44||Palmieri, Edmund LouisEdmund Louis Palmieri||NY||1907–1989||1954–1972||—||1972–1989||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||death|
|45||Herlands, William BernardWilliam Bernard Herlands||NY||1905–1969||1955–1969||—||—||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||death|
|46||Cashin, John M.John M. Cashin||NY||1892–1970||1955–1965||—||1965–1970||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||death|
|47||Levet, Richard HarringtonRichard Harrington Levet||NY||1894–1980||1956–1966||—||1966–1976||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||retirement|
|48||Bryan, Frederick van PeltFrederick van Pelt Bryan||NY||1904–1978||1956–1972||—||1972–1978||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||death|
|49||MacMahon, Lloyd FrancisLloyd Francis MacMahon||NY||1912–1989||1959–1982||1980–1982||1982–1989||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||death|
|50||Metzner, Charles MillerCharles Miller Metzner||NY||1912–2009||1959–1977||—||1977–2009||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||death|
|51||Croake, Thomas FrancisThomas Francis Croake||NY||1902–1978||1961–1972||—||1972–1978||Kennedy, Kennedy||death|
|52||Bonsal, Dudley BaldwinDudley Baldwin Bonsal||NY||1906–1995||1961–1976||—||1976–1995||Kennedy, Kennedy||death|
|53||Cooper, Irving BenIrving Ben Cooper||NY||1902–1996||1961–1972||—||1972–1996||Kennedy, Kennedy||death|
|54||Feinberg, WilfredWilfred Feinberg||NY||1920–present||1961–1966||—||—||Kennedy, Kennedy||reappointment|
|55||Tyler, Jr., Harold R.Harold R. Tyler, Jr.||NY||1922–2005||1962–1975||—||—||Kennedy, Kennedy||resignation|
|56||McLean, Edward CochraneEdward Cochrane McLean||NY||1903–1972||1962–1972||—||—||Kennedy, Kennedy||death|
|57||Wyatt, Inzer BassInzer Bass Wyatt||NY||1907–1990||1962–1977||—||1977–1990||Kennedy, Kennedy||death|
|58||Cannella, John MatthewJohn Matthew Cannella||NY||1908–1996||1963–1977||—||1977–1996||Kennedy, Kennedy||death|
|59||Tenney, Charles HenryCharles Henry Tenney||NY||1911–1994||1963–1979||—||1979–1994||Kennedy, Kennedy||death|
|60||Frankel, Marvin E.Marvin E. Frankel||NY||1920–2002||1965–1978||—||—||Johnson, L.L. Johnson||resignation|
|61||Mansfield, Walter R.Walter R. Mansfield||NY||1911–1987||1966–1971||—||—||Johnson, L.L. Johnson||reappointment|
|62||Motley, Constance BakerConstance Baker Motley||NY||1921–2005||1966–1986||1982–1986||1986–2005||Johnson, L.L. Johnson||death|
|63||Pollack, MiltonMilton Pollack||NY||1906–2004||1967–1983||—||1983–2004||Johnson, L.L. Johnson||death|
|64||Lasker, Morris E.Morris E. Lasker||NY||1917–2009||1968–1983||—||1983–2009||Johnson, L.L. Johnson||death|
|65||Gurfein, MurrayMurray Gurfein||NY||1907–1979||1971–1974||—||—||Nixon, Nixon||reappointment|
|66||Pierce, Lawrence W.Lawrence W. Pierce||NY||1924–present||1971–1981||—||—||Nixon, Nixon||reappointment|
|67||Brieant, Charles L.Charles L. Brieant||NY||1923–2008||1971–2007||1986–1993||2007–2008||Nixon, Nixon||death|
|68||Bauman, ArnoldArnold Bauman||NY||1914–1989||1971–1974||—||—||Nixon, Nixon||resignation|
|69||Gagliardi, Lee ParsonsLee Parsons Gagliardi||NY||1918–1998||1971–1985||—||1985–1998||Nixon, Nixon||death|
|71||Knapp, WhitmanWhitman Knapp||NY||1909–2004||1972–1987||—||1987–2004||Nixon, Nixon||death|
|72||Stewart, Jr., Charles E.Charles E. Stewart, Jr.||NY||1916–1994||1972–1985||—||1985–1994||Nixon, Nixon||death|
|73||Carter, Robert L.Robert L. Carter||NY||1917–2012||1972–1986||—||1986–2012||Nixon, Nixon||death|
|75||Ward, Robert JosephRobert Joseph Ward||NY||1926–2003||1972–1991||—||1991–2003||Nixon, Nixon||death|
|76||Conner, William C.William C. Conner||NY||1920–2009||1973–1987||—||1987–2009||Nixon, Nixon||death|
|78||Werker, Henry FrederickHenry Frederick Werker||NY||1920–1984||1974–1984||—||—||Nixon, Nixon||death|
|80||Goettel, Gerard LouisGerard Louis Goettel||NY||1928–2011||1976–1993||—||1993–2011||Ford, Ford||death|
|81||Broderick, Vincent LyonsVincent Lyons Broderick||NY||1920–1995||1976–1988||—||1988–1995||Ford, Ford||death|
|82||Leval, Pierre N.Pierre N. Leval||NY||1936–present||1977–1993||—||—||Carter, Carter||reappointment|
|85||Lowe, Mary JohnsonMary Johnson Lowe||NY||1924–1999||1978–1991||—||1991–1999||Carter, Carter||death|
|86||Sofaer, Abraham DavidAbraham David Sofaer||NY||1938–present||1979–1985||—||—||Carter, Carter||resignation|
|87||Sprizzo, John E.John E. Sprizzo||NY||1934–2008||1981–2000||—||2000–2008||Reagan, Reagan||death|
|88||Kram, Shirley WohlShirley Wohl Kram||NY||1922–2009||1983–1993||—||1993–2009||Reagan, Reagan||death|
|90||Peter K. Leisure||NY||1929-2013||1984–1997||—||1997–2010||Reagan||death|
|92||Walker, Jr., John M.John M. Walker, Jr.||NY||1940–present||1985–1989||—||—||Reagan, Reagan||reappointment|
|94||Daronco, Richard J.Richard J. Daronco||NY||1931–1988||1987–1988||—||—||Reagan, Reagan||death|
|95||Mukasey, MichaelMichael Mukasey||NY||1941–present||1987–2006||2000–2006||2006||Reagan, Reagan||retirement|
|96||Conboy, KennethKenneth Conboy||NY||1938–present||1987–1993||—||—||Reagan, Reagan||resignation|
|99||Martin Jr., John S.John S. Martin Jr.||NY||1935–present||1990–2003||—||2003–2003||Bush, G.H.W.G.H.W. Bush||retirement|
|101||Freeh, LouisLouis Freeh||NY||1950–present||1991–1993||—||—||Bush, G.H.W.G.H.W. Bush||resignation|
|103||Sotomayor, SoniaSonia Sotomayor||NY||1954–present||1992–1998||—||—||Bush, G.H.W.G.H.W. Bush||reappointment|
|104||Schwartz, Allen G.Allen G. Schwartz||NY||1934–2003||1993–2003||—||—||Clinton, Clinton||death|
|107||Chin, DennyDenny Chin||NY||1954–present||1994–2010||—||—||Clinton, Clinton||elevation to 2nd Circuit|
|111||Parker, Jr., Barrington DanielsBarrington Daniels Parker, Jr.||NY||1944–present||1994–2001||—||—||Clinton, Clinton||reappointment|
|114||Jones, Barbara S.Barbara S. Jones||NY||1947–present||1995–2012||—||—||Clinton, Clinton||retirement|
|116||Casey, Richard C.Richard C. Casey||NY||1933–2007||1997–2007||—||—||Clinton, Clinton||death|
|124||Lynch, Gerard E.Gerard E. Lynch||NY||1951–present||2000–2009||—||—||Clinton, Clinton||elevation to 2nd Circuit|
|127||Holwell, Richard J.Richard J. Holwell||NY||1946–present||2003–2012||—||—||Bush, G.W.G.W. Bush||resignation|
|128||Robinson, Stephen C.Stephen C. Robinson||NY||1957–present||2003–2010||—||—||Bush, G.W.G.W. Bush||resignation|
Succession of seats
- Courts of New York
- List of United States federal courthouses in New York
- List of judges of the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York
- Asbury Dickens, A Synoptical Index to the Laws and Treaties of the United States of America (1852), p. 386.
- U.S. District Courts of New York, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center.
- H. Paul Burak, History of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (1962).
- Initially appointed to the United States District Court for the District of New York, reassigned by operation of law to the Southern District of New York on April 9, 1814.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on July 13, 1867, confirmed by the United States Senate on July 16, 1867, and received commission on July 16, 1867.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on October 12, 1881, confirmed by the United States Senate on October 14, 1881, and received commission on October 14, 1881.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 5, 1901, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 17, 1901, and received commission on December 17, 1901.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 6, 1927, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 19, 1927, and received commission on December 19, 1927.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on November 24, 1947, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 18, 1947, and received commission on December 20, 1947.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 13, 1949, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 31, 1949, and received commission on February 2, 1949.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1950, confirmed by the United States Senate on April 4, 1950, and received commission on April 7, 1950.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1950, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 8, 1950, and received commission on March 9, 1950.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1950, confirmed by the United States Senate on April 25, 1950, and received commission on April 26, 1950.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1950, confirmed by the United States Senate on April 28, 1950, and received commission on May 1, 1950.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 30, 1952, confirmed by the United States Senate on April 7, 1952, and received commission on April 8, 1952.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 12, 1956, confirmed by the United States Senate on June 26, 1956, and received commission on June 27, 1956.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 12, 1956, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 1, 1956, and received commission on March 2, 1956.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 15, 1962, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 16, 1962, and received commission on March 17, 1962.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 15, 1962, confirmed by the United States Senate on September 20, 1962, and received commission on September 28, 1962.
- Official website for the U.S. District Court for the SDNY
- Official website for the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the SDNY
- Official website for the U.S. Attorney's Office for the SDNY
- Official website of the Southern District Court Reporters