Southern Qiang language

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Southern Qiang
Region Sichuan Province
Ethnicity Qiang people
Native speakers
81,000  (1999)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 qxs
Glottolog sout2728[2]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Southern Qiang is a Qiangic language of the Tibeto-Burman language family spoken by approximately 81,300 people along the Minjiang (岷江) river in Sichuan Province, China.

Unlike its close relative Northern Qiang, Southern Qiang is a tonal language.

Southern Qiang dialects[edit]

Southern Qiang is spoken in Li County (in Taoping 桃坪, etc.), Wenchuan County, and parts of Mao County. It consists of seven dialects: Dajishan, Taoping, Longxi, Mianchi, Heihu, Sanlong, and Jiaochang, which are greatly divergent and are not mutually intelligible.

Names seen in the older literature for Southern Qiang dialects include Lofuchai (Lophuchai, Lopu Chai), Wagsod (Wa-gsod, Waszu),[3] and Outside/Outer Mantse (Man-tzŭ).[4]

Southern Qiang consonants[edit]

Labial Labio-dental Dental Retroflex Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular
Voiceless stop p t k q
Aspirated stop
Voiced stop b d ɡ ɢ
Voiceless affricate ts
Aspirative affricate tsʰ tʂʰ tʃʰ tɕʰ
Voiced affricate dz
Voiceless fricative f s ʂ ɕ x χ
Voiced fricative z ʐ ʑ ɣ ʁ
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Lateral l
Semivowel j, ɥ w

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Southern Qiang at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Southern Qiang". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ John McCoy & Timothy Light, ed., 1986, Contributions to Sino-Tibetan Studies, pp. 40, 65.
  4. ^ UC Berkeley, 1992, Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, vol. 15, pp. 76–77.


  • Bradley, David. (1997). "Tibeto-Burman languages and classification". In D. Bradley (Ed.), Papers in South East Asian linguistics: Tibeto-Burman languages of the Himalayas (No. 14, pp. 1–71). Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Chang, Kun. 1967. "A comparative study of the Southern Ch'iang dialects". Monumenta Serica, XXVI:422 - 443.
  • Evans, Jonathan P. 2001a. Introduction to Qiang Lexicon and Phonology: Synchrony and Diachrony. Tokyo:ILCAA, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies.