Southern States Cooperative

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Southern States Cooperative
Agricultural Cooperative
Industry Agricultural Supply and Retail
Founded 1923 (1923)
Headquarters Henrico County, Virginia, United States
Number of locations
Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland, Kentucky, Florida, Georgia, Alabama
Area served
East Coast - United States
Key people
Thomas R. Scribner, CEO
Products farm supplies, petroleum & bulk fuel, grass & vegetable seed, fertilizer, power equipment, pet & wild animal supplies, livestock supplies and feed, horse supplies and feed, fencing equipment, apparel and more
Services seed, feed, fertilizer, crop protectants, precision ag, livestock health, equine health, farm supplies, farm fuels

Company Overview[edit]

Southern States Cooperative is an American farmer-owned agricultural supply cooperative in the United States. Southern States Cooperative supplies small, medium & large commercial farmers with livestock & animal feed, pasture seed, vegetable seed, farm fertilizers, farm supplies, bulk fuel and crop services, including information & products to grow better crops. They also supply homeowners with information & products for their lawn, garden, hobby farm and home.

Today, the cooperative strives to be the best at giving farmers and rural homeowners the tools they need to get their jobs done right- whether they are running a large commercial farm, tending a backyard garden or just trying to keep their land well conditioned. The cooperative provides a full range of services and growing solutions for farms and around the home.

Company History[edit]

Southern States Cooperative was founded in 1923 as the Virginia Seed Service by 150 farmers in Richmond, Virginia to help develop seeds, it expanded to distribution of feed in 1925, fertilizer in 1926 and farm supplies and petroleum shortly after.

At the time, farmers in Virginia were unable to buy seed guaranteed to grow in the Commonwealth. Despite scientific findings about the correlation between the quality of seeds and the quality of crops they produced, commercial seed handlers continued to sell poor-quality seed. In 1923, about 150 farmers met in Richmond, Virginia, to take steps to remedy the situation. These 150 farmers, calling their cooperative Virginia Seed Service (VSS), found that pooling their resources enabled them to procure seeds better suited to Virginia's growing conditions.

VSS began distributing feed in 1925, added a fertilizer service in 1926 and started handling farm supplies and petroleum products a few years later. In the early 1930s, VSS was looking beyond Virginia and changed its name to Southern States Cooperative. Soon other states were served including Delaware and Maryland in 1934, West Virginia in 1941, Kentucky in 1945 and North Carolina in 1986.

Improvements in service also came quickly. In 1948, the cooperative established its first hybrid corn research program. Six years later, realizing it could no longer rely solely on college research, Southern States helped establish a chain of feed testing and research farms located across the country. And in 1960, Southern States and ten other regional co-ops formed a national seed-breeding research organization, FFR.

In 1978, Southern States moved its headquarters to Henrico County.[1]

Acquisitions and Subsidiaries[edit]

In October 1998, Southern States continued its growth by acquiring the wholesale and retail farm supply system of Gold Kist, Inc. The acquisition effectively expanded the co-op's territory into the Southeastern part of the nation.

Two years later, Southern States purchased the wholesale business of Agway consumer dealers and assumed all dealer marketing, development, operations, distribution and logistics for this business. The acquisition included a dealer network in Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, New York, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Maryland and Delaware, and a customer service center in Syracuse, N.Y., as well as distribution facilities.


The cooperative tests and adapts seed varieties to different regions. In 1948 it began a hybrid-corn research program, and in 1954 began to set up a series of research farms.

It is a member of the national seed-breeding research organization FFR[disambiguation needed], a research group specializing in forage seed-breeding, owned by a number of cooperatives, founded in 1960. It is also a member of CRF[disambiguation needed] a research group specializing in animal nutrition.


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