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The term Southern Taiwan (Chinese: 南台灣 or 台灣南部; pinyin: Nán Táiwān or Táiwān Nánbù; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Lâm Tâi-oân or Tâi-oân lâm-pō͘) is used to describe a region in the south of Taiwan. It usually includes Pingtung, Kaohsiung, and Tainan. Besides, Chiayi and Penghu islands are also often included. The region is sometimes defined as a larger area which composes half part of the Taiwan island. In this way, it includes Changhua, Yunlin, Taitung, or even Hualian.
Most of southern Taiwan experiences a tropical wet and dry climate (ie.Southern parts of Tainan, the whole of Kaohsiung City and the flat lands of Pingtung County), therefore the climate is warm throughout the year and there is no specific "winter" in the area. For classification, there is just a "hotter season" (months with daily mean temperatures higher than 25°C) and a "cooler season" (months with daily mean temperatures lower than 25°C). The "hotter season" has a daily mean temperature of around 28°C on average and lasts about 7 months, starting around mid April and ends around mid November, the "cooler season", which lasts about 5 months has a daily mean temperature of around 22°C with daily highs hovering around 25°C, starting around mid November to mid April.
- Northern Taiwan, Western Taiwan, Central Taiwan, Eastern Taiwan.
- Kaohsiung metropolitan area
- Tainan metropolitan area
- Chiayi metropolitan area
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