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The term Southern Taiwan (Chinese: 南台灣 or 台灣南部; pinyin: Nán Táiwān or Táiwān Nánbù; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Lâm Tâi-oân or Tâi-oân lâm-pō͘) is used to describe a region in the south of Taiwan. It usually includes Pingtung, Kaohsiung, and Tainan. Besides, Chiayi County is also sometimes included as a part of southern Taiwan as it borders Tainan directly to the south, but along with Tainan city, it is more often known as a part of central-southern Taiwan (中南部) due to its northernly location.
The majority of southern Taiwan experiences a tropical wet and dry climate with the exception of Tainan City, therefore the climate is warm throughout the year with little seasonal variations. For classification, there is only a lengthy warm season (months with daily mean temperatures higher than 25°C) from April to November and a short cool season (months with daily mean temperatures lower than 25°C) from December to March of the following year. Precipitation is mainly focused during the summer months from May to October, when Taiwan is being affected by the Western Pacific Typhoon Season.
- Northern Taiwan, Western Taiwan, Central Taiwan, Eastern Taiwan.
- Kaohsiung metropolitan area
- Tainan metropolitan area
- Chiayi metropolitan area
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