Southern Xinjiang Railway
The Southern Xinjiang Railway or Nanjiang Railway (南疆铁路) is a railway between Turpan and Kashgar in Xinjiang, China. The railway is 1,446 km in length and runs along the southern slope of the Tian Shan mountain range, connecting all major cities and towns of the northern Tarim Basin, including Turpan, Hejing, Yanqi, Korla, Luntai (Bügür), Kuqa, Toksu (Xinhe), Aksu, Maralbexi (Bachu), Artux and Kashgar.
The Southern Xinjiang Railway was built from east to west. The Turpan-Korla section in the east (457 km) was built from 1974 to 1984. The western section from Korla to Kashgar (988 km) was built from 1996 to 1999. From Yanqi to Kashgar, the line follows National Highway 314. The Kashgar-Hotan Railway, originally referred to as Phase III of the Southern Xinjiang Railway, opened in 2010. From 2008 to 2013, the Korla to Kuqa section, 526.9 km in length, was double-tracked. As of August 2014, a second double-tracked electrified line is being built from Turpan to Korla.