Southern and Eastern Serbia
|Southern and Eastern Serbia
Јужна и источна Србија
Južna i istočna Srbija
|— Statistical region of Serbia —|
|Population (2011 census)|
In July 2009, the Serbian parliament adopted a law which divided Serbia into seven statistical regions. At first, it was decided that in the territory of current statistical region of Southern and Eastern Serbia there would be two statistical regions - Eastern Region (Serbian: Istočni region / Источни регион) and Southern Region (Serbian: Južni region / Јужни регион). However, in May 2010, the law was changed, thus the Eastern and Southern region were merged into a single statistical region named Southern and Eastern Serbia.
In ancient times, this area was part of the Moesia Superior, which was a province of the Roman Empire. Niš (Naissus) was the main city in this province. In the 11th century, Duchy of Niš was a province of the Byzantine Empire.
Medieval Serbian state included part of this region in the 12th century and most of it until the 14th century. In 1162, župan Desa was ruler around Niš. Since the 15th century, the region was under Ottoman administration. Between 1791 and 1878, Pashaluk of Niš was a province of the Ottoman Empire. In the 19th century, this territory became part of Serbia once again. Initially, resurrected Serbian state included only northern parts of the region, but it was later (in 1878) expanded to the south and also included southern parts.
Between 1922 and 1929, several administrative units of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes existed in this area: Province of Niš (Niška Oblast), Province of Vranje (Vranjska Oblast), Province of Timok (Timočka Oblast), Province of Požarevac (Požarevačka Oblast), and Province of Podunavlje (Podunavska Oblast). Between 1929 and 1941, most of this area was part of the Morava Banovina (a province of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia). Capital city of this province was Niš.
Between 1945 and 2009, the area was part of the Central Serbia.
Ethnic groups 
Ethnic groups in Southern and Eastern Serbia (2011 census):
The statistical region of Southern and Eastern Serbia is composed of 9 administrative districts:
Cities and towns 
The largest cities and towns of the region are:
|City or town||Population
See also 
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