Southernmost settlements

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Location of Punta Arenas, Ushuaia and Puerto Williams in the southern tip of South America.

Southernmost settlements are cities, towns, weather stations or permanent military bases which are further south than latitude 45°S. They are closely related to the Southern Ocean or either the Roaring Forties or Furious Fifties.

Southernmost city[edit]

The southernmost city in the world is mainly a slogan used for tourism to attract visitors to the city as well as the tourists headed for Antarctica. Currently three cities or towns use this slogan: Ushuaia in Argentina as well as Punta Arenas and Puerto Williams[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8] in Chile. There are several more settlements further south but none are considered to be large enough to be classified as a 'city'.

Settlements of more than 1,000 inhabitants south of 45°S[edit]

Line across the Earth
45°
45th parallel south

This is a list of the all settlements south of the 45th parallel south with over 1,000 permanent inhabitants.

Rank Settlement name Country Population Latitude/longitude
1 Puerto Williams Chile 2,874[9] 54°56′S 67°37′W / 54.933°S 67.617°W / -54.933; -67.617
2 Ushuaia Argentina 56,956 54°48′S 68°18′W / 54.800°S 68.300°W / -54.800; -68.300
3 Tolhuin Argentina 3,004 54°32′S 67°12′W / 54.533°S 67.200°W / -54.533; -67.200
4 Río Grande Argentina 55,231 53°47′S 67°42′W / 53.783°S 67.700°W / -53.783; -67.700
5 Porvenir Chile 4,807 53°17′S 70°22′W / 53.283°S 70.367°W / -53.283; -70.367
6 Punta Arenas Chile 130,136 53°10′S 70°56′W / 53.167°S 70.933°W / -53.167; -70.933
7 Puerto Natales Chile 19,116 51°44′S 72°31′W / 51.733°S 72.517°W / -51.733; -72.517
8 Stanley Falkland Islands (UK) 2,115 51°41′S 57°51′W / 51.683°S 57.850°W / -51.683; -57.850
9 Veintiocho de Noviembre Argentina 4,686 51°39′S 69°13′W / 51.650°S 69.217°W / -51.650; -69.217
10 Río Gallegos Argentina 110,435 51°38′S 69°13′W / 51.633°S 69.217°W / -51.633; -69.217
11 Río Turbio Argentina 6,650 51°31′S 72°17′W / 51.517°S 72.283°W / -51.517; -72.283
11 El Calafate Argentina 6,410 50°19′S 72°17′W / 50.317°S 72.283°W / -50.317; -72.283
12 Puerto Santa Cruz Argentina 3,397 50°01′S 68°31′W / 50.017°S 68.517°W / -50.017; -68.517
13 Comandante Luis Piedrabuena Argentina 4,175 49°50′S 68°54′W / 49.833°S 68.900°W / -49.833; -68.900
14 Gobernador Gregores Argentina 2,519 49°48′S 68°37′W / 49.800°S 68.617°W / -49.800; -68.617
15 Puerto San Julián Argentina 6,143 49°18′S 67°43′W / 49.300°S 67.717°W / -49.300; -67.717
16 Puerto Deseado Argentina 10,237 47°45′S 65°55′W / 47.750°S 65.917°W / -47.750; -65.917
17 Cochrane Chile 2,217 47°15′S 72°34′W / 47.250°S 72.567°W / -47.250; -72.567
18 Pico Truncado Argentina 14,985 46°47′S 67°58′W / 46.783°S 67.967°W / -46.783; -67.967
19 Bluff New Zealand 1,850 46°36′S 168°20′E / 46.600°S 168.333°E / -46.600; 168.333
20 Perito Moreno Argentina 3,588 46°36′S 70°55′W / 46.600°S 70.917°W / -46.600; -70.917
21 Las Heras Argentina 10,688 46°33′S 68°57′W / 46.550°S 68.950°W / -46.550; -68.950
22 Los Antiguos Argentina 2,047 46°32′S 71°37′W / 46.533°S 71.617°W / -46.533; -71.617
23 Chile Chico Chile 3,042 46°32′S 71°43′W / 46.533°S 71.717°W / -46.533; -71.717
24 Caleta Olivia Argentina 36,077 46°26′S 67°32′W / 46.433°S 67.533°W / -46.433; -67.533
25 Invercargill New Zealand 52,900 46°25′S 168°18′E / 46.417°S 168.300°E / -46.417; 168.300
26 Riverton New Zealand 1,900 46°21′S 168°01′E / 46.350°S 168.017°E / -46.350; 168.017
27 Balclutha New Zealand 4,104 46°14′S 169°45′E / 46.233°S 169.750°E / -46.233; 169.750
28 Mataura New Zealand 1,740 46°11′S 168°52′E / 46.183°S 168.867°E / -46.183; 168.867
29 Winton New Zealand 2,100 46°08′S 168°20′E / 46.133°S 168.333°E / -46.133; 168.333
30 Milton New Zealand 2,000 46°07′S 169°58′E / 46.117°S 169.967°E / -46.117; 169.967
31 Gore New Zealand 9,730 46°05′S 168°56′E / 46.083°S 168.933°E / -46.083; 168.933
32 Rada Tilly Argentina 6,208 45°55′S 67°33′W / 45.917°S 67.550°W / -45.917; -67.550
33 Comodoro Rivadavia Argentina 182,631 45°52′S 67°30′W / 45.867°S 67.500°W / -45.867; -67.500
34 Dunedin New Zealand 122,900 45°52′S 170°30′E / 45.867°S 170.500°E / -45.867; 170.500
35 Río Mayo Argentina 2,939 45°40′S 70°16′W / 45.667°S 70.267°W / -45.667; -70.267
36 Sarmiento Argentina 8,028 45°35′S 69°05′W / 45.583°S 69.083°W / -45.583; -69.083
37 Coihaique Chile 50,041 45°34′S 72°04′W / 45.567°S 72.067°W / -45.567; -72.067
38 Puerto Chacabuco Chile 1,243 45°29′S 72°50′W / 45.483°S 72.833°W / -45.483; -72.833
39 Te Anau New Zealand 1,857 45°25′S 167°43′E / 45.417°S 167.717°E / -45.417; 167.717
40 Puerto Aisen Chile 16,936 45°24′S 72°41′W / 45.400°S 72.683°W / -45.400; -72.683
41 Alexandra New Zealand 4,827 45°14′S 169°22′E / 45.233°S 169.367°E / -45.233; 169.367
42 Oamaru New Zealand 12,950 45°05′S 170°58′E / 45.083°S 170.967°E / -45.083; 170.967
43 Cromwell New Zealand 4,080 45°04′S 169°20′E / 45.067°S 169.333°E / -45.067; 169.333
44 Queenstown New Zealand 10,442 45°01′S 168°39′E / 45.017°S 168.650°E / -45.017; 168.650
45 Alto Río Senguer Argentina 1,454 45°01′S 70°49′W / 45.017°S 70.817°W / -45.017; -70.817

Southernmost settlements outside Antarctica[edit]

This list of settlements excludes research stations of Antarctica and its surrounding islands.

# Location Country Settlement
type
Latitude Population Population as of
1 Estación Naval
Islas Diego Ramirez
Chile Naval station 56°30' S  ?
2 Estación Meteorológica
de Cabo de Hornos
Chile Weather station 55°59' S 4[10] 2008
3 Puerto Toro Chile Hamlet 55°05' S 36[11] 2002
4 Caleta Wulaia Chile Hamlet 55°02' S  ?
5 Caleta Eugenia Chile Hamlet 54°56' S  ?
6 Puerto Williams Chile Town [12] 54°56' S 2,874[9] 2002
7 Puerto Navarino Chile Village 54°55' S  ?
8 Puerto Almanza Argentina Village 54°52' S 200
9 Ushuaia Argentina City 54°48' S 56,956[13] 2010
10 Tolhuin Argentina Town 54°31' S 3,004[14]
11 Grytviken South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Hamlet 54°19' S up to 18
12 Río Grande Argentina City 53°45' S 67,038 2010
13 Porvenir Chile City 53°17' S 5,465
14 Punta Arenas Chile City 53°17' S 119,496[11] 2002

Settlements on the Antarctic continent[edit]

There are many research stations in Antarctica, both permanent and summer only. Many of the stations are staffed all year. McMurdo Station is the largest with an average population of 1200.

A total of 30 countries (as of October 2006), all signatory to the Antarctic Treaty, operate seasonal (summer) or year-round research stations on the continent and on its surrounding islands. In addition to these permanent stations, approximately 30 field camps are established each austral summer to support specific one off projects.[15]

The full list is available at: List of research stations in Antarctica

See also[edit]

References[edit]