Southgate shown within Greater London
|Population||14,454 (Southgate ward 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|UK Parliament||Enfield Southgate|
|London Assembly||Enfield and Haringey|
Southgate is a suburban area of north London, England, primarily within the London Borough of Enfield, although parts of its western fringes lie within the London Borough of Barnet. It is located around 8 miles (12.9 km) north of Charing Cross. The name is derived from being the south gate to Enfield Chase.
- 1 Local features
- 2 Nearest places
- 3 Demography
- 4 Notable residents
- 5 Politics
- 6 History
- 7 Education
- 8 Southgate Symphony Orchestra
- 9 Sport
- 10 Religious Facility
- 11 Local newspapers
- 12 References
- 13 External links
- 14 Bibliography
Within the area is the art deco Grade II* Southgate tube station designed by Charles Holden. The surrounding roads have a variety of shops and restaurants including an ASDA. The area has several large green parks such as Grovelands Park which covers ninety-two acres and contains a former boating lake of seven acres adjoining dense woods and bracken. In Waterfall Road is Christ Church, a building of stone which has a tower and spire and was built in 1862 by Sir Gilbert Scott. In the grounds stands the Minchenden Oak, said to be the largest oak tree in England, and rumoured to be 800 years old. Across the road from the church lies the Walker Cricket Ground; a regular Middlesex venue which was first used in 1859 and is named after the cricketerJohn Walker.
- Cockfosters and Oakwood to the north
- New Southgate to the south
- Winchmore Hill to the east
- East Barnet to the west
- Osidge to the south,west
- Palmers Green to the north, east
- Whetstone to the north, west
- Brunswick Park to the south, west
Southgate is a cosmopolitan district. It has many prominent families. There has been a prominent Jewish community since early 20th century. There are also many Greek, Turkish, Asian and Japanese families living in the district.
Famous people to originate from Southgate include Leigh Hunt, the English essayist and writer, who was born here in 1784, and Frederick Hitch, one of the men awarded a Victoria Cross for the defence of Rorke's Drift in 1879. Another VC winner, Allastair McReady-Diarmid was born there.
The author Paul Scott was born in Southgate and was educated nearby.
Southgate has connections with many people in the arts and showbusiness. The Turner Prize-winning artist Rachel Whiteread was a student at Southgate School. The singer Rachel Stevens from S Club 7 and singer Amy Winehouse both were born in Southgate and went to Ashmole School (now an academy) on Cecil Road. Radio presenter Simon Mayo was also born in Southgate as was the late Dee Murray, the bass guitarist in the original Elton John Band. The singer Alberto Remedios lived in Southgate before emigrating. The actor Ron Moody lives in Southgate at the Cherry Tree. Husband and wife singing coaches David and Carrie Grant live in Southgate.
The MP for Southgate, David Burrowes, lives in his constituency, where he was born in nearby Cockfosters. His predecessor, Stephen Twigg, was born and raised in nearby Oakwood. Norman Tebbit, former MP for Chingford and close ally of Margaret Thatcher, was also born in Southgate. David Jordan also lived in the Southgate area.
The parliamentary constituency covering the part of Southgate in the London Borough of Enfield is Enfield Southgate (UK Parliament constituency). Until his death in the Brighton bombing in 1984, the constituency was represented by Sir Anthony Berry. In 1997, Michael Portillo, who succeeded Sir Anthony, lost the seat to Stephen Twigg, who after two terms lost in his turn to David Burrowes in May 2005.
Southgate was originally the South Gate of Enfield Chase, the King's hunting grounds. This is reflected in the street names Chase Road (which leads due north from the station to Oakwood, and was formerly the avenue into the Chase) and Chase Side. There is a blue plaque on a building on the site of the south gate. A little further to the south was another small medieval settlement called South Street which had grown up around a village green; by 1829 the two settlements had merged and the village green became today's Southgate Green.
Becoming separate from Edmonton in 1881, Southgate had a population in 1891 of just 10,970. By 1901 the figure had moved up to 14,993, and by 1911 the figure had ballooned to 33,612, aided by the nearby railway station in Palmers Green.
Southgate was predominantly developed in the 1930s: largish semi-detached houses were built on the hilly former estates (Walker, Osidge, Monkfrith, etc.) following increased transport development. In 1933, the North Circular Road was completed through Edmonton and Southgate, and also in 1933, the London Underground Piccadilly line was extended from Arnos Grove (where it had reached the previous year), through Southgate tube station, on to Enfield West (now known as Oakwood). This unleashed a building boom, and by 1939 the area had become almost fully developed.
By 1951, the population had grown to 73,377 - falling by about 1,000 ten years later as many moved to new towns nearby.
In 1894 Southgate was created an urban district of Middlesex by the Local Government Act 1894. In 1933 the district gained further status as a municipal borough. The Municipal Borough of Southgate was abolished in 1965 by the London Government Act 1963 and its area was combined with that of the Municipal Borough of Enfield and the Municipal Borough of Edmonton to form the present-day London Borough of Enfield.
Taverns, inns and public houses
Because of the age of the former village and its position in a ring of villages (the nearby Barnet and Enfield similarly hosting a number of coaching inns) one day's travel by coach from London, Southgate had many pubs: within the village centre there were no fewer than six licensed premises.
Many were located on Chase Side, but in recent times have been mostly replaced by restaurants. The Waggon and Horses closed in 2013, becoming an Anatolian restaurant. The Rising Sun in Chase Side was the terminus for a local horsebus service to Colney Hatch (and there to Kings Cross) before the arrival of the railways, whereupon the service switched to the new station in Palmers Green. It was rebuilt in 1932, and substantially renovated in 2008, changing its name to The Sun. The White Hart is a long-standing pub on Chase Road, near Southgate Circus roundabout.
Opposite the Southgate Club on Chase Side stood The Gate, which was closed in August 1909. The landlord, A. Butcher, took the sign with him to the Fishmonger's Arms in Winchmore Hill Road - which apparently read "This gate hangs well, and hinders none. Refresh and pay - then travel on." While the sign no longer exists, his pub does - rebuilt in the 1930s, the pub owes its name to the nearby ice wells which produced ice for central London fish markets.
In the middle of the 18th century, The Crown (also once known as The Crown Hotel) on Chase Side was a centre of 'much sport'. A caption in a framed picture of a dog discovered by author Herbert W. Newby reads:
Mr. Earl of the 'Crown Inn', Southgate, Nr London, will produce a retriever puppy not over six months old for £10 or £20 that will perform more tricks than any other dog of nine months old in England. He is a beautiful dog, and very large for his age.
The building was originally a wooden two-storey building with a brick gable-end facing the highway. It was rebuilt in 1895 but has since been demolished. The Wetherspoons pub The New Crown occupies a site nearly opposite.
Other notable pubs include Ye Olde Cherry Tree which overlooks Southgate Green to the south of Southgate's main centre, and The Woodman which is on The Bourne.
- De Bohun Primary
- St Andrew's CE Primary
- St Monica's RC Primary
- Salcombe Preparatory School (Independent)
- Vita et Pax School (Independent)
- Walker Primary
- West Grove Primary
- Wolfson Hillel Primary
- Osidge Primary School
- Monkfrith Primary School (in the London Borough of Barnet)
Southgate Symphony Orchestra
Formed in 1961 by a group of enthusiasts in New Barnet under the conductorship of Terry Hawes, Southgate College Symphony Orchestra continued as an evening class within Southgate College until July 2005, having become semi-autonomous in 1997. In the summer of 2005, the Orchestra became independent of Southgate College and renamed itself Southgate Symphony Orchestra. An amateur orchestra, it takes players of Grade 6 standard and above, playing concerts around Enfield. Previous performances have included music by Beethoven, Dvořák, and Weber.
Southgate is home to many cricket teams and grounds, but the best and most well known is that of Southgate CC, who play at the Walker Ground on Waterfall Road. Their ground, named after the famous Walker brothers who set it up and played cricket for Middlesex, is overlooked by a church and many trees. Southgate Adelaide CC, their rival team, also play at the Walker ground
Southgate Adelaide Hockey Club (formed from Palmers Green Hockey Club joining Southgate Adelaide Cricket Club) continues to be based at the Walker Ground.
Football and golf
Grovelands Park, Southgate is the training ground of the football team, Romans AFC.
Saracens used to play at Bramley Road on Chase Side (also known as Clocktower Park and DeBohun Park, being next to DeBohun School). Chase Side is the name of a road between Cockfosters and Southgate). However, they moved to Watford just after the professional era began, and currently reside in Barnet at Copthall Stadium (Allianz Park), Mill Hill.
Saracens Amateurs do, however, still play at the Bramley Road ground and are in the Herts/Middlesex Leagues.
Southgate RFC are based at the Walker ground, sharing with Southgate Cricket, squash and adelaide hockey clubs.
Old Ashmolean RFC are based at Bournside Sports Club, within the grounds of Grovelands Priory. After several years of promotion Old Ashmolean RFC, now in London North West 4, is the highest ranked Rugby Club based in Southgate.
Southgate College run a successful Rugby League team in conjunction with semi-professional outfit London Skolars and Amateur outfit Saracens. They play in student rugby league competitions as well as open age leagues. The park has always been known as De Bohun park never clock tower park
There are five synagogues with Southgate in their name,: Cockfosters and North Southgate, Palmers Green and Southgate Synagogue. These two are part of the United Synagogue, also included, but independent, is the Southgate Ilan 'Bel-Air' Kahlani Synagogue, serving Yemenite Jews of Adeni extraction and other Mizrahi Jews. Chabad Southgate also is included.
Southgate Progressive Synagogue is in Oakwood.Southgate and District Reform Synagogue has now moved to Whetstone and changed its name in February 2010 to Sha'arei Tsedek: North London Reform Synagogue.
Christ Church stands near Southgate Green. This was built on the site of Weld Chapel, which was demolished in 1861. The clock on the church was placed there to celebrate Queen Victoria's diamond jubilee. The church is currently (Jan 2008) undergoing renovation. The Parish Church of St Andrew is on Chase Side. Emmanuel Evangelical Church meets in Ashmole School. The Methodist Church is on The Bourne, near Southgate Underground station. It was built in 1929, replacing a building on Chase Side. It is an active community hub.
|This section requires expansion. (June 2008)|
Southgate Masonic Centre
The spirit of Masonry is warm and active. The Centre is home to 160 Lodges of which 15 are from Middlesex, along with 5 Chapters. The Centre, a converted church hall, was opened in 1968. The Middlesex Lodges that joined had been meeting in pubs and similar venues and warmly welcomed the opportunity to have their own Centre. How it all began?
In April 1963 a number of Middlesex Masons, some of them also members of London Lodges, set up a company to provide a permanent Masonic centre in the north of the Province. The company, named the North Middlesex Masonic Centre was incorporated. The search for premises was hard, due to insufficient funds. There was still a general shortage of suitable premises, with many popular meeting places in and around Barnet closing their doors to Freemasonry, causing problems for Lodges and Chapters in Hertfordshire and London as well as Middlesex. In response to this, Grand Lodge gave a dispensation to broaden the five mile London rule, declaring a neutral territory in which Masons from London, Hertfordshire and Essex could all meet without any change of Province. This ruling created a great surge of interest, promising more capital in the future and the search became more vigorous. On 24 July the Chairman of the company signed a contract to purchase the premises at High Street, Southgate, but the story did not end there and a private loan had to be arranged before the title was finally filed on 7 March 1968. A resolution was passed changing the company name to Southgate Masonic Centre Limited to express fully its capacity of operating in neutral territory.
The local newspapers are as of 2011-
- Census Information Scheme (2012). "2011 Census Ward Population Estimates". Greater London Authority. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- Geograph: TQ2993: Minchenden Oak, Garden of Remembrance, Waterfall Road, N14
- Kosher in the country The Economist 1 June 2006 accessed 14 August 2007
- Newby, Herbert (1949). "Old" Southgate. T.Grove. p. 115.
- "The Word Podcast #183". The Word Podcast #183. The Word. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- Byrom, Bertram (2008). Old Southgate and Palmers Green. Stenlake Publishing. p. 3. ISBN 9781840334241.
- Dumayne, Alan (1998). Southgate. Sutton Publishing Limited. ISBN 0-7509-2000-9.
- A sign on the pub itself, viewed 2008
- Schools in or near Southgate
- Southgate Cricket Club
- Southgate Adelaide Cricket Club
- Southgate Hockey Club
- Southgate Compton Cricket Club
- Southgate Adelaide Hockey Club
- Southgate Rugby Football Club
- Southgate Symphony Orchestra
- Southgate Progressive Synagogue
- Southgate & District Reform Synagogue
- Emmanuel Evangelical Church
- Southgate Masonic Centre
Herbert W. Newby, Old Southgate. T. Grove, 1949.