Southwark Bridge

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Coordinates: 51°30′32″N 0°05′40″W / 51.50889°N 0.09444°W / 51.50889; -0.09444

Southwark Bridge
Southwark Bridge, River Thames, London, England.jpg
Southwark Bridge and St Paul's Cathedral
Carries A300 road
Crosses River Thames
Locale Southwark, London, England
Maintained by Bridge House Estates,
City of London Corporation
Total length 800 feet (243.8 m)
Width 55 feet (16.8 m)
Longest span 240 feet (73.2 m)
Opened 1921
Heritage status Grade II listed structure
John Rennie's Southwark iron bridge completed in 1819

Southwark (Br [ˈsʌðɨk])[1] Bridge is an arch bridge in London, England, for traffic linking the district of Southwark and the City across the River Thames.

History[edit]

A previous bridge on the site, designed by John Rennie, opened in 1819, and was originally known as Queen Street Bridge, as shown on the 1818 John Snow Map of London. The bridge consisted of three large cast-iron spans supported by granite piers. The bridge was notable for having the longest cast iron span, 240 feet (73 m), ever made. Initially tolls were charged to cross the bridge, but it became toll free in 1864.[2]

A new bridge on the site was designed by Ernest George and Basil Mott. It was built by Sir William Arrol & Co. and opened in 1921.[3]

The plaque on the west side of the bridge.

Halfway along the bridge on the Western side is a plaque which is inscribed:

Re-built by the Bridge House Estates Committee
of the Corporation of London
1913-1921
Opened for traffic by their Majesties
King George V and Queen Mary
6th June 1921
Sir Ernest Lamb CMG, JP Chairman
Basil Mott, CB Engineer
Sir Ernest George RA Architect

The bridge provides access to Upper Thames Street on the north bank and, due to the ring of steel, there is no further road access to the City and the north. The bridge is owned and maintained by Bridge House Estates, a charitable trust overseen by the City of London Corporation. The current bridge was given Grade II listed structure status in 1995.[4]

Nearby[edit]

Southwark Bridge seen from the south bank of the Thames. Tower 42 and 30 St Mary Axe can be seen above the bridge
Southwark Bridge at night

At the north-west side is Vintners Court, a 1990s office block which has a classical facade of columns and pediment; this was developed on the site owned by the Worshipful Company of Vintners whose Hall is behind it on Upper Thames Street.[5]

The south end is near the Tate Modern, the Clink Prison Museum, the Globe Theatre, and the Financial Times and Ofcom buildings. Below the bridge on the south side are some old steps, which were once used by Thames watermen as a place to moor their boats and wait for customers.[6]

Below the bridge on the south side is a pedestrian tunnel, part of the Queen's Walk Embankment, containing a frieze depicting the Thames frost fairs.[7]

Popular culture[edit]

Southwark Bridge appears in many films but plays a central role in Lock, Stock and Two Smoking Barrels.

The cream painted houses on the south side of the bridge, just after the FT building, were used for the exterior shots of the shared house in This Life.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Southwark", in The Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer of the World (1952), New York: Columbia University Press.
  2. ^ Sir Howard Roberts and Walter H. Godfrey, ed. (1950). "Survey of London: volume 22: Bankside". pp. 88–90. Retrieved 5 September 2013. 
  3. ^ Where Thames Smooth Waters Glide
  4. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (435467)". Images of England.  accessed 27 November 2008
  5. ^ "Annual Report 2012". Vintners Company. p. 35. Retrieved 15 December 2013. 
  6. ^ "Southwark Bridge". Retrieved 15 December 2013. 
  7. ^ "City Insights page on Kindersley's frieze". Retrieved 13 July 2010. 

External links[edit]