Southwest Corridor (Minneapolis-Saint Paul)

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     Southwest Line
Southwest Transitway.svg
Overview
Type Light rail
System Metro Transit
Status Planning (environmental impact statement phase)[1]
Locale Hennepin County, Minnesota
Termini Eden Prairie, Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Stations 18 planned
Daily ridership 28,100 est.
Operation
Opening 2018 (projected)[2]
Operator(s) Southwest Metro Transit
Character Surface
Technical
Line length 12 miles (19 km)
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Electrification Overhead lines
Route map
Blue and Green lines
Target FieldNorthstar line
Bottineau Boulevard line
Royalston
Interstate 94
Van White
Interstate 394
Penn
21st Street
West Lake Street
BeltLine Boulevard
Minnesota State Highway 100
Wooddale Avenue
Louisiana Avenue
Blake Road
U.S. Highway 169
Hopkins
Shady Oak Road
Opus
City West
U.S. Highway 212
Golden Triangle
Interstate 494
Eden Prairie Town Center
SouthWest Station
Mitchell Road

The Southwest Corridor is scheduled to become the third light rail transit corridor in the Minneapolis-St. Paul region, with service between Minneapolis and Eden Prairie, going through St. Louis Park, Hopkins, and Minnetonka along the way. Since receiving approval from the Metropolitan Council on May 26, 2010, the Southwest Corridor joins the Central Corridor as an official part of the Metro Council's project list.

History[edit]

In 1988, the Hennepin County Regional Railroad Authority (HCRRA) identified the Southwest transitway from Hopkins to downtown Minneapolis as a future LRT corridor.[3]

In 2002 and 2003, the HCRRA conducted the Southwest Rail Transit Study to evaluate twelve possible light rail routes in the southwest transitway. Of the twelve routes, eight were eliminated and four were selected for further analysis: routes 1A, 2A, 3A, and 4A.[3]

On March 4, 2009, the FTA Approved a $2 million study of the project, with an anticipated opening date in 2015.[4] On May 26, 2010, the Metropolitan Council voted to approve the locally-preferred alternative advanced by Hennepin County. The project will now transition to Metropolitan Council control, and is currently anticipated to begin service in 2018.[2]

Route debate[edit]

On May 26, 2010, the Metropolitan Council approved route 3A as the locally-preferred alternative for the line. There was a protracted debate over the route choice in the years leading up to this decision, with many parties strongly opposed to the final route choice. The final choice in favor of 3A was made for several reasons, including its favorable Cost Effectiveness Index (CEI) score and its relatively lower environmental impacts.[5]

Several possible routing variations were evaluated to determine the final routing of the line. There was local debate about the route the line would take between the Chain of Lakes and downtown Minneapolis. Routes 1A and 3A (chosen route) use the Kenilworth Corridor, a dedicated stretch of right-of-way owned by the HCRRA to be used for future rail transit. Route 3C would have the tracks run much further east through the trench used by the Midtown Greenway before turning north at Nicollet Avenue, where it would run in a tunnel for part of the way downtown.

Kenilworth alignment (routes 1A, 3A-chosen route)[edit]

The Kenilworth Corridor was acquired by the HCRRA to preserve it for future rail transit. The Kenilworth routing will provide shorter ride times for the majority of the line's users compared to the 3C routing. It is also less expensive to build and operate. Click to view the Hennepin County Recommended Alignment.

Supporters of a network alignment propose that a streetcar or trolley line be installed alongside the Midtown Greenway to connect the Southwest LRT line to the existing Blue Line, however this will not occur. Rather LRT will be used for the full stretch of the line. The Midtown Greenway Coalition has long supported and promoted the network alignment. The group successfully prevented the trench from being used for a busway and instead pitched the idea of the trail with a trolley or streetcar.

Some residents living adjacent to the Kenilworth Corridor favored the 3C route because they were concerned about the noise and disturbance of the trains passing through the corridor near their homes. The Kenilworth Corridor presently contains an active freight rail line, and the light rail will be in addition to this existing track.

Greenway/Nicollet alignment (route 3C)[edit]

Advocates of the 3C route wanted the line to directly serve Uptown and Eat Street, and feel that routing the line through the Kenilworth Corridor would be a missed opportunity for increased ridership and better transit in this area of Minneapolis.

Some Eat Street business owners were concerned that the access and traffic problems resulting from the construction period on Nicollet Avenue would severely affect their business. Engineers indicated Nicollet Avenue may have been tunneled instead of at-grade.

In early 2008, Hennepin County Medical Center acquired a city block parcel at 28th Street and Nicollet where the 3C Route would turn from the Midtown Greenway trench onto or under Nicollet Avenue.[6] HCMC is building a clinic on the site that does not incorporate a light rail station or easement into the building. That would have prevented the 3C route from turning at this location since there is not enough space for tracks to make the minimum required turning radius.

Neighborhood positions[edit]

During public input phases in 2007-2008 the final three proposed routes faced opposition by some members of two Minneapolis neighborhoods, Kenwood and Whittier. Kenwood's neighborhood organization released an official neighborhood stance against the line with Whittier's organization debating to release a stance. In Kenwood, one of the wealthiest neighborhoods, their criticism involves disruption to natural parkland and noise though the Kenilworth Corridor (which routes '1A' and '3A' would run on). The corridor is home to the Kenilworth Trail, a scenic bike and pedestrian trail that runs adjacent to a rarely used freight rail line.[7] In Whittier, disruption to Nicollet Avenue by the '3C' route had brought concern to business owners regarding Eat Street as a business, restaurant and retail corridor of the Whittier neighborhood.[8]

The Bryn Mawr neighborhood has favored the routes moving through the Kenilworth Corridor as it supports their redevelopment plans. Also, suburban cities have received the proposals favorably with concern over routing within their cities than opposition of the line itself. The 3A route through job centers in Eden Prairie garnered approval from its City Council. Hopkins also proposed routing the line through their downtown Main Street but will instead be routed nearby.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Current Project Phase: Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS)". Southwest Transitway. Hennepin County. 2010. Retrieved October 8, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Southwest LRT Timeline". Southwest Transitway. Metropolitan Council. 2012. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Hennepin County Regional Railroad Authority. "Southwest Transitway Alternatives Analysis Final Report (Chapter 1 - Intro)". Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  4. ^ Blake, Laurie (March 5, 2009). "Transit Agency to Study Rail Plan". StarTribune. Retrieved December 17, 2009. 
  5. ^ "Council Approves Light Rail Along the Southwest Corridor". Metropolitan Council. May 26, 2010. Retrieved June 30, 2010. 
  6. ^ Dylan Thomas (May 5, 2008). "HCMC Clinic on the move". Southwest Journal. Retrieved 2008-05-07. 
  7. ^ Kenwood Isles Area Association (March 2007). "Kenwood Newsletter". 
  8. ^ Eric James (2007–2008). "Whittier Alliance, Community Meeting Minutes". Whittier Alliance. 
  9. ^ Jenna Ross (January 17, 2008). "Dreams sprout along southwest rail route". Star Tribune. 

External links[edit]