Southwestern Indiana

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"Southwest Indiana" redirects here. For the community in Elkhart County, see Southwest, Indiana.
Southwestern Indiana
Southwestern Indiana

2010 Census Population:
474,251
Common names:
Southwest Indiana, Tri-State Area,
Wabash Valley, Ohio Valley

Area Nicknames:
The Four Rivers Area 1
Lincoln's Boyhood Home (mainly Spencer Co.),
Land that Time Forgot and Keeps Forgetting

1 After Ohio, Patoka, Wabash, and White Rivers or
six including the Little Wabash, and Embarras Rivers
all of which join along the boundaries Knox, Gibson
or Posey Counties.

Largest city
Other cities
Evansville
 - Jasper
 - Princeton
 - Vincennes
 - Washington
Counties  * Daviess
* Dubois
* Gibson
* Knox
* Martin
* Perry
* Pike
* Posey
* Spencer
* Vanderburgh
* Warrick

Southwestern Indiana is an 11-county region of southern Indiana, United States located at the southernmost and westernmost part of the state. As of the 2010 census, the region's combined population is 474,251. Evansville, Indiana's third largest city, is the primary hub for the region as well as the primary regional hub for a tri-state area which includes Kentucky and Illinois. Other regional hubs include Jasper, Vincennes, and Washington.

Geography[edit]

Southwestern Indiana's topography is considerably more varied and complex than most of Indiana, including large tracts of forest, marshes, rolling fields, flat valleys, and a chain of low mountains and high hills. Every county in Southwestern Indiana is bounded by a river at one point, whether it be by the Wabash River along the west, The Ohio River by the south, the White River, dividing the six northern counties between its two forks, or other smaller rivers. More than 50% of the boundaries of Daviess, Gibson, Knox, Perry, Posey, and Spencer Counties are dictated by a river or a creek. Eighty percent of Knox County's boundaries are dictated by either the Wabash River or the White River. Additionally, over half of the area is located within the Wabash Valley Seismic Zone.

Southwestern Indiana has clusters of separate towns of varying sizes and layouts. Vincennes is laid out in the French quadranglar while Jasper and Princeton are laid out in a standard grid. Evansville is laid out in both modes of survey, with its downtown being mapped out from the river and the rest of the city being laid out in the standard grid.

Organizational defining[edit]

In addition to various media definitions, Southwestern Indiana is also defined by most Indiana state agencies as well as various commercial and economic regions as an entire area. All of Southwestern Indiana's counties are in Indiana's 8th Congressional District as of 2013. Most of Southwestern Indiana exists in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Evansville and Vincennes as well. Southwestern Indiana makes up realtor region 12 in Indiana, while nine of the counties make up Economic Growth Region 11 with Daviess and Martin in Region 8.[1][2]

In addition, the southern third of Southwestern Indiana exists within the Ohio River Valley American Viticultural Area, the second largest wine appellation in the United States. The Ohio River Vallley AVA occupies all of Perry, Posey, Spencer, Vanderburgh and Warrick Counties, nearly 90% of Gibson County and portions of Pike and Dubois Counties in Southwestern Indiana.[3]

Counties[edit]

IN
No.
County
Name
Establishment Date
(SW Indiana) (History)
(Statehood)

County
Seat

Time
Zone

Population
(2010)
(Rank)
Area
sq mi (km2)
(Rank)
Twps
ZIP code
Prefix(es)
 % of
Boundary
by water
14 Daviess February 2, 1818
(10) (29) (14)
Washington Eastern 32,200
(6)
437 sq mi (1,130 km2)
(3)
10 475 55%
19 Dubois December 20, 1817
(7) (20) (4)
Jasper Eastern 41,889
(3)
435 sq mi (1,130 km2)
(4)
12 475 24%
26 Gibson April 1, 1813
(2) (8) (T)
Princeton Central 33,503
(5)
526 sq mi (1,360 km2)
(1)
10 475/476 59%
42 Knox June 6, 1790
(1) (1) (T)
Vincennes Eastern 38,440
(4)
516 sq mi (1,340 km2)
(2)
10 475/478 84%
51 Martin January 7, 1820
(11) (33) (18)
Shoals Eastern 10,334
(11)
341 sq mi (880 km2)
(10)
6 475 18%
62 Perry November 1, 1814
(4) (12) (T)
Tell City Central 19,338
(9)
386 sq mi (1,000 km2)
(8)
7 474/475 52%
63 Pike December 21, 1816
(6) (16) (1)
Petersburg Eastern 12,845
(10)
342 sq mi (890 km2)
(9)
9 475/476 35%
65 Posey November 11, 1814
(5) (13) (T)
Mt. Vernon Central 25,940
(7)
429 sq mi (1,110 km2)
(5)
10 476 63%
74 Spencer January 10, 1818
(9) (24) (9)
Rockport Central 20,942
(8)
401 sq mi (1,040 km2)
(7)
9 475/476 73%
82 Vanderburgh January 7, 1818
(8) (22) (7)
Evansville Central 179,703
(1)
236 sq mi (610 km2)
(11)
8 476/477 26%
87 Warrick April 30, 1813
(3) (9) (T)
Boonville Central 59,689
(2)
424 sq mi (1,100 km2)
(6)
10 475/476/477 19%

(T) - Establishment Date - Indiana Territory County

Metropolitan and micropolitan areas[edit]

Metropolitan area[edit]

Name Primary City
or Cities
State
or States
County
or Counties
Non-Area County or
Counties Influenced
Area 2005
Population
Evansville, IN-KY
Metropolitan Statistical Area
Evansville
Henderson
Princeton
Indiana
Kentucky
IN: Gibson, Posey
Vanderburgh, Warrick
KY: Henderson, Webster
Illinois: Wabash, White
Indiana: Spencer
Kentucky: Union
2,367 sq mi
6,130 km2
352,943

Micropolitan areas[edit]

Name Primary City State
or States
County
or Counties
Area 2005
Population
Jasper, IN
Micropolitan Statistical Area
Jasper Indiana Dubois
Pike
776 sq mi
2010 km2
53,211
Vincennes, IN-IL
Micropolitan Statistical Area
Lawrenceville
Vincennes
Illinois
Indiana
Knox
Lawrence
898 sq mi
2,330 km2
54,332
Washington, IN
Micropolitan Statistical Area
Washington Indiana Daviess 437 sq mi
1,130 km2
32,200

Political status[edit]

  • As of 2013, All of Southwestern Indiana is now in the 8th Congressional District.
Closeup of Southwestern Indiana. White counties are on Central Time, gray counties are on Eastern Time.
County House
District(s)
Senate
District(s)
US House
District
14 Daviess 45th 63rd 64th 39th 48th 8th
19 Dubois 63rd 73rd 74th 47th 48th 8th
26 Gibson 64th 74th 75th 48th 49th 8th
42 Knox 45th 64th 39th 48th 8th
51 Martin 62nd 63rd 48th 8th
62 Perry 73rd 74th 47th 8th
63 Pike 63rd 64th 48th 8th
65 Posey 76th 49th 8th
74 Spencer 74th 78th 47th 8th
82 Vanderburgh 75th 76th 77th 78th 49th 50th 8th
87 Warrick 75th 77th 78th 47th 50th 8th
Southwestern Indiana 45th 62nd 63rd 64th 73rd
74th 75th 76th 77th 78th
39th 47th 48th
49th 50th
8th

Highways[edit]

The Townships of Southwestern Indiana

Interstate highways[edit]

I-64.svg Interstate 64
The oldest interstate in the region, this stretch of I-64 has been the primary artery of east-west traffic since entering service around 1983. While relatively flat in Posey, Vanderburgh, and Gibson Counties, it's terrain becomes hillier as it passes through the nearly 30-mile stretch in Warrick County. By the time it approaches U.S. 231, the hills and valleys are sharper, transitioning into the low mountainous conditions found in Perry County as the highway leaves into Crawford County.
I-69.svg Interstate 69
The newest interstate in the region, this stretch of I-69 is expected to eventually provide Interstate access to Bloomington and Indianapolis by 2018. Like I-64, the terrain around Evansville, is relatively flat, but becomes hillier in northeastern Gibson County, and becomes progressively hillier through Pike County. The stretch of I-69 in Daviess County between Washington and Elnora is actually flatter than the stretch in Vanderburgh County while containing some hilly sections south of Washington, but becomes very hilly northeast of Elnora as the highway approaches Crane and leaves the area into Greene County.
I-164.svg Interstate 164

U.S. Highways[edit]

US 41.svg U.S. Route 41
This 4-lane Highway Serves the Western half of the region. US 41 goes through the city of Evansville, becoming 6 lanes between the Lloyd Expressway and Diamond Avenue. This part is known locally as the Stop Light Alley because of the 20-25 Traffic Lights along the 9-mile stretch from Haubstadt to Ellis Park. Bypasses Princeton and Vincennes before continuing north towards Terre Haute.

US 50.svg U.S. Route 50
US 50 is a very windy 2-lane road in the eastern half of the region while become a 4-lane road in the western half, near Washington before joining US 41 in the bypass around Vincennes. Leaves Indiana on the Red Skelton Bridge.

US 150.svg U.S. Route 150
Coterminous with US 50 from Vincennnes to Shoals it break off and heads eastward while US 50 continues northeast. both are very windy roads.

US 231.svg U.S. Route 231
This now mostly new 4-Lane road serves the Eastern Half of the region. The route is in a process of relocation as a new terrain 4-lane road is under construction from Rockport to Greene County where it will intersect with Interstate 69.

Interstate 69 - A highway underway[edit]

Culture[edit]

Annual festivals and celebrations[edit]

Central Time vs. Eastern Time - an ongoing issue[edit]

Main article: Time in Indiana

From 1966 to 2006, the five southwesternmost counties—Gibson, Posey, Spencer, Vanderburgh, and Warrick—observed Central Daylight Time. The six northern and eastern counties—Daviess, Dubois, Knox, Martin, Perry and Pike since 1982—observed a year-round Eastern Standard Time as did much of the rest of the state.

In 2006, Indiana Governor Mitch Daniels pushed through legislation that would put the counties on Eastern Time onto Eastern Daylight Time. This action threw both Southwestern and Northwestern Indiana into chaos as counties started to argue with one another as to whether to return to Central Time or remain on Eastern Time and start observing Eastern Daylight Time. On April 2, 2006, Southwestern Indiana was once again united in one Time Zone, Central Daylight Time.

Not even a month after the change, people began to complain about some of the same problems that people that lived in the original Central Daylight Time counties had been complaining about for years. Most prevalent was the complaint that the Crane Naval Surface Warfare Center had become a "time island". The workers' union of the base subsequently petitioned the Martin County Commissioners to repetition for a change back to Eastern Time. The resulting chain reaction resulted in all of the former Eastern Time counties, along with two Central Time counties, Gibson and Spencer, petitioning for a change to Eastern Time.

On September 20, 2007 after only 15 months and only one winter on Central Time the DOT returned only five of the eight applicants to Eastern Time. Gibson, Perry and Spencer counties did not have enough support to return or to go to Eastern Time. However, three of the five counties, Daviess, Knox, and Pike counties there wasn't that much support either, but "convenience of commerce" was given as the reason for their time changes, despite commute patterns into Evansville and the Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indiana plant in Gibson County, the region's largest employer. In Dubois County, there is a heated disagreement between Huntingburg and Jasper over the topic. Most of Huntingburg's industry and economy is geared towards the Central Time Zone where Owensboro, Kentucky and Spencer County, and the Huntingburg area's largest employers, AK Steel and Holiday World are located. Jasper, on the other hand, insists that the majority of its business is aimed at the Eastern Seaboard and it would be in the interest of the county to return to Eastern Time.[4]

So whether it was supported or not, Daviess, Dubois, Knox, Martin, and Pike returned to Eastern Daylight Time on November 4, 2007, once again dividing Southwestern Indiana. The DOT has stated that it will not hold any more hearings on the subject until the fall of 2008.[5][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]