|Koonfur-Galbeed Soomaaliya (Somalian)
Southwestern State of Somalia
|Unrecognized state of Somalia|
|-||Established||1 April 2002|
|-||Disestablished||10 February 2006|
Southwestern Somalia (Somali: Koonfur-Galbeed Soomaaliya) was an ostensibly autonomous self-proclaimed state in Somalia founded by Hasan Muhammad Nur Shatigadud, leader of the Rahanweyn Resistance Army (RRA) on 1 April 2002. The state was officially the Southwestern State of Somalia (SWS) (Somali: Dowlad Goboleedka Koonfur-Galbeed ee Soomaaliya) and intended to consist of six Somali administrative regions (gobolka); These are the Bay, Bakool, Middle Juba (Jubada Dhexe), Lower Shabelle (Shabeelada Hoose), Gedo, and Lower Juba (Jubada Hoose) regions where the majority of the residents of Rahanweyn Digil-Mirifle May–May Somali speakers, Benadiri and jareerweyne . The organization of the autonomous state was a move to show the disaffection of the RRA with the nascent Mogadishu-based Transitional National Government (TNG) and an act to counter the influence of the Somalia Reconciliation and Restoration Council (SRRC) in the same regions.
Rivalry and reconciliation within the RRA
After 3 October 2002 (except for a brief period on 14–16 December 2002), the regional capital Baidoa was controlled by Sheikh Aden Madobe and Muhammad Ibrahim Habsade. Shatigudud and Madobe reconciled on 23 September 2003, but the rivalry with Habsade continued. All three, including Habsade, were appointed members of parliament in the Transitional Federal Parliament (TFP) in November 2004. In January 2005, the traditional Rahanweyn Clan elders and civic society leaders again helped reconcile Shatigadud, Madobe, and Habsade. At that time, both Shatigadud and Madobe also became ministers in the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Prime Minister Ali Muhammad Ghedi.
However, in May 2005, Mohamed Ibrahim Habsade accused Madobe and Shatigudud of attacking Baidoa to take the city on behalf of President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, who later used the city to establish a new interim capital within the country. In May 2005 alone, 19 were killed and 28 wounded in the fight over the city.
All three were in Baidoa on 10 February 2006 helping host the Transitional Federal Parliament (TFP) of Somalia hold its first Parliamentary session in Somalia (before this date, Parliament met in Kenya due to security problems in Somalia). The Transitional Federal Government based itself out of Baidoa and held little direct authority over any territory. Territorial administration often remained in the hands of the specific warlords, in this case Shatigadud, Madobe, and Habsade.
Shatigadud remains the popular leader of the Rahanweyn and, since his return, he has been named as the Chairman of the Council of the Rahanweyn court with both Madobe and Habsade being members. Habsade is allowed to be the local chief.
Conflict with the Islamic Courts Union
During the War in Somalia (2006–2009), the Bay region was heavily contested between Southwestern Somalian and Transitional Federal Government forces, who controlled the Baidoa, and Qansax Dheere districts, and the Islamic Courts Union (ICU), who controlled Diinsoor and Buur Hakaba (despite being captured twice by government forces for brief periods). The forces of the TFG and Southwestern Somalia, backed by Ethiopian troops, were victorious at the Battle of Baidoa.
Southwestern Somalia has largely returned to the Transitional Federal Government and abandoned the idea of autonomy.
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- "Third autonomous region breaks with Somalia". Afrol News. 2 March 2002. Retrieved 2007-02-04.
- "SELECTED MEMBERS OF TRANSITIONAL FEDERAL PARLIAMENT OF SOMALIA" (PDF). November 2004. Retrieved 2007-02-04.[dead link]
- "Prime Minister Geedi announced his second cabinet line up" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-02-03.[dead link]
- "Somali factions fight for key town, 19 killed". SABC News. 30 May 2005. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-03.