The center was named in the memory of two correctional staff, Corrections Officer James Souza and Industrial Instructor Alfred Baranowski, who were killed at MCI Norfolk in 1972 during an aborted escape attempt by a convicted murderer.
Construction began on Souza-Baranowski on November 19, 1996. Less than 2 years later, SBCC was completed incorporating the highest degree of technical integration of any prison in the country. Officially opening on September 30, 1998, this 500,000-square-foot (46,000 m2), high-tech, maximum security facility. The security system is operated by 42 graphic interfaced computer terminals (GUI), which drive a keyless security system. The GUI controls 1705 doors, lights, receptacles, water, intercom/Public Address, fire alarms and vehicle gates. Incorporating one of the largest camera matrix systems in the country, over 370 high definition cameras record live 24 hours a day. The perimeter surveillance system includes taut wire and microwave detection systems. This prison has been named by many as the worlds most technologically advanced prison. It was built using the highest quality high strength concrete and tool resistant steel, and has also been given praise for never having any breakouts. It holds some of the states most violent and dangerous criminals. It has also been given praise for being one of the only prisons in the United States to run almost entirely on solar, and hydroelectric power. In its short history it has been widely known to be one of the most secure prisons in the United States. It currently holds almost 1500 prisoners, and employs nearly 600 Correction Officers. 
Alfred J. Gaynor, the Springfield serial killer, is also currently staying at Souza-Baranowski Correctional Center, serving four consecutive life sentences for raping and murdering four Springfield women in 1997 and 1998.
Keith Luke Multiple murderer and rapist from Brockton Ma who carved a swastika into his own forehead and is known to be extremely dangerous and very violent.