Ordo Supremus Militaris Templi Hierosolymitani

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The Ordo Supremus Militaris Templi Hierosolymitani (OSMTH), is a self-styled order founded in 1945 by Antonio Campello Pinto de Sousa Fontes (1878-1960),[1][2][3] claiming to be a continuation of the self-styled l'Ordre du Temple founded in 1804 by Bernard-Raymond Fabré-Palaprat.[4] Fernando Campello Pinto Pereira de Sousa Fontes succeeded his father as the head of the order in 1960.

OSMTH-KTI does not officially recognize the claims laid out in the Larmenius Charter as historically valid,[5] but makes a moral and ethical claim to follow in the same spiritual path as the original Order. [6]

The order exists in each country under different jurisdictions. In America, the order is known as the Sovereign Military Order of the Temple of Jerusalem, Inc (this being the English rendering of the Latin name).[7] They should not be confused with a multitude of other self-styled "Knights Templar", or the Masonic Knights Templar.

OSMTH-KTI is registered in Geneva, Swiss Reg No: CH-660.1.972777-4 and is in Special Consultative Status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations has over 5000 active members in Austria, Bulgaria, Canada, England & Wales, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Mexico, Norway, Portugal, Scotland, Serbia and in the United States.[8][9] OSMTH-KTI operates in a number of countries providing humanitarian aid [10] such as the River Jordan Project that is supported by HM King Abdullah of Jordan.[11]

OSMTH-KTI, which is open to Christians of any denomination, operates as a charity,[12] and engages in diplomatic and humanitarian works.[13]

Christian men who join the organisation are termed "Knights" with the honorific title of Chevalier and females are termed "Dames" with the honorific title of Chevaleresse (or Chevalière).[14] The modern Order has over 5000 members, many of whom are accomplished leaders in the military, business, government and ecclesiastical communities.[15]

History[edit]

Antonio Campello Pinto de Sousa Fontes in 1945 claimed that the OSMTH was the continuation of the neo-Templar order founded by Bernard-Raymond Fabre-Palaprat in 1804, using the Larmenius Charter as evidence of its pedigree.

OSMTH broke away from the organization led by Mr de Sousa Fontes in 1997. While OSMTH-KTI's rituals and traditions are currently based upon those of the historical Knights Templar, according to its website[5] and their present leader, Grand Master Patrick Rea,[16] there is no direct historical lineage claimed by OSMTH between OSMTH and the 12th century Templars.

In 2001, the Order was accredited by the United Nations Economic and Social Council as a non-governmental organisation, in special consultative status, one of over 2,000 organizations to hold this status.[17] The Order is an associate member of the International Peace Bureau and an affiliate of the International Center for Religion & Diplomacy,[13] which was founded by one of OSMTH's members.[12] in 2014, OSMTH was elected as a board member of CoNGO ( Conference of Ngo's in consultative status with the United Nations)

Sovereign Military Order of the Temple of Jerusalem[edit]

In 1970, a split occurred within the OSMTH and Fernando Campello Pinto Pereira created the The Sovereign Military Order of the Temple of Jerusalem (SMOTJ), having previously succeeded his father as the head of the OSMTH in 1960.[18] This was caused when Antoine Zdrojewski was unexpectedly elected as the new head of the OSMTH at the Convent of Paris.[19] Zdrojewski became the head of the SMOTJ until his death in 1989, and was succeeded by George Lamirand as the head of the SMOTJ until his death in 1994.[20]

The SMOTJ has an American autonomous[21] branch of the Ordo Supremus Militaris Templi Hierosolymitani.[22][23] The ecumenical organization operates as a modern day network of educated professionals.[13][21] As of August 2007, the organization had approximately 5,200 members.[24]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

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