Prince of Monaco
|Sovereign Prince of Monaco|
Arms of His Serene Highness the Sovereign Prince of Monaco
since 6 April 2005
|Style:||His Serene Highness|
|Heiress presumptive:||Caroline, Princess of Hanover|
|First monarch:||Honoré II (as Prince, previous monarchs were called Lords)|
|Formation:||29 November 1604|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The Sovereign Prince or Princess of Monaco is the reigning monarch and head of state of the Principality of Monaco. All princes or princesses have officially taken the name of the House of Grimaldi, but have belonged to various other houses (Goyon de Matignon, Polignac) in male line. The present reigning prince is Albert II.
Powers of the Prince
The Prince or Princess exercises his or her authority in accordance with the Constitution and laws. He or she represents the Principality in all foreign relations and any revision, either total or partial, of the Constitution, must be jointly agreed to by the Prince and the National Council.
Legislative power is divided between the Prince who initiates the laws, and the National Council which votes on them. Executive power is retained by the Prince. The Minister of State and the Government Council are directly responsible to the Prince for the administration of the Principality.
Judiciary powers also belong to the Prince. The present Constitution states that the Prince has full authority in the courts and tribunals which render justice in his or her name.
Pursuant to Article 16 of the 1962 Constitution, the Sovereign Prince confers orders, titles and other distinctions (see Awards and decorations of Monaco) as the fons honorum of the Principality of Monaco.
Titles and styles
The Prince is styled His Serene Highness (Son Altesse Serenissime). Although used only formally, the Prince also bears several other hereditary titles, some of which are occasionally bestowed on his relatives or their spouses. Some of these titles have merged with the Crown of Monaco as a result of the Grimaldi family's acquisition of various fiefs; they no longer imply ownership or territorial authority, although the Princes of Monaco have long been substantial owners of land and chateaux in France. Most were granted or recognised by the Kingdom of France and could only pass through the male line; they therefore became extinct as French dignities on the death of Albert's grandfather Prince Louis II in 1949. Thereafter some of these titles were implicitly re-created as Monegasque titles. The father of Prince Rainier III was Pierre Grimaldi, Duke of Valentinois, né Count Pierre de Polignac, whose legitimate male-line descendants (including Rainier III et al.) remain, remotely but legally, in the line of succession for the French dukedom of Polignac).
The current Prince's complete titles and styles are:
- Sovereign Prince of Monaco
- Duke of Valentinois
- Duke of Estouteville
- Duke of Mazarin
- Duke of Mayenne
- Prince of Château-Porcien
- Marquis of Baux
- Marquis of Chilly-Mazarin
- Marquis of Guiscard
- Marquis of Bailli
- Count of Polignac (French title)
- Count of Carladès
- Count of Ferrette, Belfort, Thann and Rosemont
- Count of Torigni
- Count of Longjumeau
- Count of Clèdes
- Baron of Calvinet
- Baron of Buis
- Baron of La Luthumière
- Baron of Hambye
- Baron of Altkirch
- Baron of Saint-Lô
- Baron of Massy
- Seigneur of Issenheim
- Seigneur of Saint-Rémy
- Sire of Matignon
Non-reigning princes(ses) of Monaco
Prince(ss) of Monaco is a title also given to certain members of the princely family of Monaco. It is distinct from the ruling Prince's title "Sovereign Prince of Monaco", from which the first word is commonly dropped, or with the title of the heir apparent or presumptive to the throne, Hereditary Prince of Monaco.
Members of the Monegasque princely family deceased since 1850
- Princess Athénais, Marchioness of Louvois (second daughter of Prince Joseph, son of Honoré III, died in 1860);
- Princess Antoinette (Antoinette de Mérode) (wife of Charles III, died in 1864);
- Prince Wilhelm, Duke of Urach (husband of Princess Florestine, daughter of Florestan I, died in 1869);
- Princess Marie, Marchioness of La Tour du Pin (youngest daughter of Prince Joseph, son of Honoré III, died in 1879);
- Princess Dowager Maria Caroline (widow of Florestan I, died in 1879);
- Prince Charles III (eldest son of Florestan I, died in 1889);
- Princess Florestine, Duchess of Urach (youngest daughter of Florestan I, died in 1897);
- Hereditary Princess Mary Victoria, Princess Festétics de Tólna (first wife of Albert I, died in 1922);
- Prince Albert I (eldest son of Charles III, died in 1922);
- Princess Dowager Alice (widow of Albert I, died in 1925);
- Prince Louis II (eldest son of Albert I, died in 1949);
- Prince Pierre, Duke of Valentinois (husband of Princess Charlotte, daughter of Louis II, died in 1964);
- Princess Charlotte, Duchess of Valentinois (eldest daughter of Louis II, died in 1977);
- Princess Grace (wife of Rainer III, died in 1982);
- John Gilpin (third husband of Princess Antoinette, sister of Rainier III, died in 1983);
- Baroness Christine Alix of Massy (youngest daughter of Princess Antoinette, sister of Rainier III, died in 1989);
- Stefano Casiraghi (second husband of Princess Caroline, daughter of Rainier III, died in 1990);
- Princess Dowager Ghislaine (widow of Louis II, died in 1991);
- Jean-Charles Rey (second husband of Princess Antoinette, sister of Rainier III, died in 1994);
- Alexandre-Athenase Noghès (first husband of Princess Antoinette, sister of Rainier III, died in 1999);
- Prince Rainer III (youngest son of Princess Charlotte, daughter of Louis II, died in 2005);
- Princess Antoinette, Baroness of Massy (eldest daughter of Princess Charlotte, daughter of Louis II, died in 2011).
References and notes
- "Principauté de Monaco: Portail officiel du gouvernment princier". Les Pouvoirs Souverains. Etat de Monaco: La Direction de l’Administration Électronique et de l’Information aux Usagers. Retrieved November 23, 2012.
- Badts de Cugnac, Chantal. Coutant de Saisseval, Guy (2002). Le Petit Gotha. France: Laballery. pp. 691–694, 699–703. ISBN 2-9507974-3-1.