Sovetskaya Gavan

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Sovetskaya Gavan (English)
Советская Гавань (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Sovetskaya Gavan - Administration of the Sity.jpg
Sovetskaya Gavan Administration building
Map of Russia - Khabarovsk Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Khabarovsk Krai in Russia
Sovetskaya Gavan is located in Khabarovsk Krai
Sovetskaya Gavan
Sovetskaya Gavan
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Sovetskaya Gavan in Khabarovsk Krai
Coordinates: 48°58′N 140°17′E / 48.967°N 140.283°E / 48.967; 140.283Coordinates: 48°58′N 140°17′E / 48.967°N 140.283°E / 48.967; 140.283
Flag of Sovietskaya Gavan.gif
Flag
Administrative status (as of September 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Khabarovsk Krai[1]
Administratively subordinated to town of krai significance of Sovetskaya Gavan[1]
Administrative center of town of krai significance of Sovetskaya Gavan,[2] Sovetsko-Gavansky District[2]
Municipal status (as of October 2010)
Municipal district Sovetsko-Gavansky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Sovetskaya Gavan Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center of Sovetsko-Gavansky Municipal District,[4] Sovetskaya Gavan Urban Settlement[citation needed]
Head[citation needed] Pavel Borovsky[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 27,712 inhabitants[5]
Time zone VLAT (UTC+11:00)[6]
Founded August 4, 1853[citation needed]
Town status since 1941[citation needed]
Previous names Imperatorskaya Gavan (until 1922)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[7] 682880
Dialing code(s) +7 42138[citation needed]
Official website
Sovetskaya Gavan on WikiCommons

Sovetskaya Gavan (Russian: Сове́тская Га́вань, lit. Soviet harbor) is a town in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia, and a port on the Strait of Tartary which connects the Sea of Okhotsk in the north with the Sea of Japan in the south. Population: 27,712 (2010 Census);[5] 30,480 (2002 Census);[8] 34,915 (1989 Census).[9]

Name[edit]

The name of the town is often informally abbreviated to "Sovgavan" (Совгавань).

History[edit]

The bay on which Sovetskaya Gavan is located was discovered on May 23, 1853 by Lt. Nikolay Konstantinovich Boshnyak in Russian-American Company ship "Nikolay", and named Khadzhi Bay. On August 4, 1853, Captain Gennady Nevelskoy founded a military post named after Admiral Grand Duke Konstantin, and renamed the bay to Imperatorskaya Gavan ('Emperor's Harbor'), after the then reigning Emperor Nicholas I.[citation needed] Nikolay Boshnyak was appointed the commander of the post, which became the first Russian settlement in the area, and the predecessor of today's Sovetskaya Gavan.[10]

After the abandonment of the military post before 1900, the area became a center for timber production, including concessions to companies from other countries such as Canada.

The bay and the settlement were renamed Sovetskaya Gavan in 1922.[citation needed]

During World War II, construction was begun on a railway from the right bank of the Amur River near Komsomolsk-on-Amur to the Pacific coast, with Sovetskaya Gavan chosen as the endpoint. Sovetskaya Gavan was granted town status in 1941;[citation needed] the railway reached the town in 1945. This section of railway was the first section to be completed of what would later became the Baikal-Amur Mainline.

From 1950 until 1954, the town was the site of the prison camp Ulminlag of the gulag system.

In 1958, the town's northern neighborhood, on the Vanino Bay, was separated into a separate urban-type settlement of Vanino.

In 1963-1964, six sounding rockets of "Kosmos 2"-type were launched. They reached the height of 402 kilometers (250 mi).[11]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Sovetskaya Gavan serves as the administrative center of Sovetsko-Gavansky District[2] even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the town of krai significance of Sovetskaya Gavan—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of krai significance of Sovetskaya Gavan is incorporated within Sovetsko-Gavansky Municipal District as Sovetskaya Gavan Urban Settlement.[3]

Economy[edit]

Sovetskaya Gavan's economy is largely dependent on the harbor and related activities; the town has a deep water port for cargo and fishing vessels, as well as ship repair facilities. There is also some foodstuffs production, such as fish processing.

Transportation[edit]

In 1973, a rail ferry link to the island Sakhalin was opened, joining the mainland at Vanino, 30 kilometers (19 mi) north of Sovetskaya Gavan. Whilst this diminished Sovetskaya Gavan's importance as a trading port, until the 1990s it remained an important supply harbor for the Russian Pacific Fleet.

Sovetskaya Gavan is connected by rail with Komsomolsk-on-Amur, the section of line being the most easterly section of the Baikal-Amur Mainline.

The town is served by Kamenny Ruchey naval airfield (also known as Mongokhto) as well as the Maygatka Airport.

Climate[edit]

Sovetskaya Gavan has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb).

Climate data for Sovetskaya Gavan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
7.2
(45)
18.9
(66)
24.3
(75.7)
31.0
(87.8)
35.6
(96.1)
33.7
(92.7)
35.0
(95)
30.2
(86.4)
27.2
(81)
17.8
(64)
13.0
(55.4)
35.6
(96.1)
Average high °C (°F) −11.4
(11.5)
−8.6
(16.5)
−2.1
(28.2)
5.6
(42.1)
12.0
(53.6)
17.2
(63)
20.5
(68.9)
21.9
(71.4)
17.9
(64.2)
10.0
(50)
−0.7
(30.7)
−8.8
(16.2)
5.7
(42.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −16.6
(2.1)
−14.3
(6.3)
−7.2
(19)
0.9
(33.6)
6.3
(43.3)
11.0
(51.8)
14.9
(58.8)
16.7
(62.1)
12.4
(54.3)
4.6
(40.3)
−5.7
(21.7)
−13.6
(7.5)
0.4
(32.7)
Average low °C (°F) −21.9
(−7.4)
−20.5
(−4.9)
−13.4
(7.9)
−3.8
(25.2)
1.7
(35.1)
6.1
(43)
10.5
(50.9)
12.2
(54)
7.1
(44.8)
−0.7
(30.7)
−11.1
(12)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−4.8
(23.4)
Record low °C (°F) −36.1
(−33)
−34.2
(−29.6)
−27.8
(−18)
−17.2
(1)
−6.3
(20.7)
−1.1
(30)
1.0
(33.8)
1.0
(33.8)
−10.0
(14)
−19.0
(−2.2)
−24.0
(−11.2)
−36.1
(−33)
−36.1
(−33)
Precipitation mm (inches) 23.3
(0.917)
30.8
(1.213)
32.7
(1.287)
39.7
(1.563)
64.0
(2.52)
78.5
(3.091)
91.5
(3.602)
107.6
(4.236)
98.5
(3.878)
63.8
(2.512)
42.2
(1.661)
32.8
(1.291)
705.4
(27.772)
Avg. precipitation days 13 9 12 12 15 15 14 17 14 10 12 16 159
Source: [2]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Resolution #143-pr, Article 3
  2. ^ a b c Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 08 418», в ред. изменения №234/2013 от 1 января 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 08 418, as amended by the Amendment #234/2013 of January 1, 2014. ).
  3. ^ a b c Law #191
  4. ^ Law #264
  5. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Герб города Советская Гавань (The Coat of Arms of the Town of Sovetskaya Gavan) (Russian)
  11. ^ [1]

Sources[edit]

  • Правительство Хабаровского края. Постановление №143-пр от 18 июля 2007 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Хабаровского края», в ред. Постановления №64-пр от 17 марта 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Хабаровского края, утверждённый Постановлением Правительства Хабаровского края от 18 июля 2007 г. №143-пр». Вступил в силу 13 августа 2007 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства Хабаровского края", №7(60), 12 августа 2007 г. (Government of Khabarovsk Krai. Resolution #143-pr of July 18, 2007 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Khabarovsk Krai, as amended by the Resolution #64-pr of March 17, 2014 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Khabarovsk Krai, Adopted by the Resolution #143-pr of the Government of Khabarovsk Krai of July 18, 2007. Effective as of August 13, 2007.).
  • Законодательная Дума Хабаровского края. Закон №191 от 30 июня 2004 г. «О наделении административных центров районов статусом городского, сельского поселения и об установлении их границ», в ред. Закона №172 от 29 февраля 2012 г. «Об упразднении сельского населённого пункта посёлок Фестивальный, находящегося на территории Солнечного района Хабаровского края, и о внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Хабаровского края». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Приамурские ведомости", №№126–127, 15 июля 2004 г. (Legislative Duma of Khabarovsk Krai. Law #191 of June 30, 2004 On Granting the Administrative Centers of the Districts the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements and on Establishing Their Borders, as amended by the Law #172 of February 29, 2012 On the Abolition of the Rural Locality of the Settlement of Festivalny on the Territory of Solnechny District of Khabarovsk Krai and on Amending Various Laws of Khabarovsk Krai. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательная Дума Хабаровского края. Закон №264 от 14 марта 2005 г «Об административных центрах сельских поселений и муниципальных районов Хабаровского края», в ред. Закона №239 от 28 ноября 2012 г. «О преобразовании городского населённого пункта рабочий посёлок Тырма, находящегося на территории Верхнебуреинского района Хабаровского края, путём изменения его статуса в сельский населённый пункт — посёлок Тырма и о внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Хабаровского края». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Приамурские ведомости", №57, 1 апреля 2005 г. (Legislative Duma of Khabarovsk Krai. Law #264 of March 14, 2005 On the Administrative Centers of the Rural Settlements and the Municipal Districts of Khabarovsk Krai, as amended by the Law #239 of November 28, 2012 On the Transformation of the Urban Locality the Work Settlement of Tyrma, Located on the Territory of Verkhnebureinsky District of Khabarovsk Krai, by Changing Its Status to That of a Rural Locality—the Settlement of Tyrma, and on Amending Various Laws of Khabarovsk Krai. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]