Soviet Second League

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Soviet Second League
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Country Soviet Union
Founded 1936
Folded 1991
after 52 seasons
Levels on pyramid Level 3
Promotion to Soviet First League
Relegation to Soviet Second League B
or KFK competitions
Last champions Karpaty Lviv
Asmaral Moscow
Okean Nakhodka
Most championships 11 clubs (2)

The Soviet Second League was the third highest division of Soviet football, below the Soviet First League. The division lasted from the inception of Soviet league football in 1936 to the dissolution of USSR in 1991.

Overview[edit]

The League was established in 1936, but was discontinued after the 1937 season for over 15 years. The experimental edition of the League was introduced in 1946. But the consistent League takes its roots from 1963. Prior to 1990, the league was divided into multiple regional zones (as many as 9) and the top finishers of those zones would take part in an additional mini-tourney to determine which teams get promoted to the Soviet First League. In 1991, the regional zones became a part of Soviet Second League B, while the Soviet Second League was split into 3 major regional zones, West, Center, and East. The group winners of these zones would now qualify for the Soviet First League.

The most titles of the League won was two by 11 different teams out of various now independent republics. The last winners of the League were FC Karpaty Lviv, FC Asmaral Moscow, and FC Okean Nakhodka.

Names[edit]

  • 1936-1937 Group V (third letter in the Russian alphabet)
  • 1946-1946 Third Group
  • 1963-1969 Class B
  • 1970-1970 Second Group (Class A)
  • 1971-1989 Second League
  • 1989-1991 Buffer League

Awardees[edit]

Season Winner Runner-ups Notes
1936 (spring) FC Dinamo Rostov/Don Stroiteli Baku
Dynamo Odessa
1936 (autumn) Dinamo Kazan Spartak Kharkiv
Dynamo Dnipropetrovsk
1937 Dynamo Odessa Lokomotyv Kyiv
Stakhanovets Staline
1938-45 no competition due to various reasons
1946 Spartak Uzhhorod
Dinamo Riga
Krylya Sovetov Tbilisi
Zenit Kaliningrad
five groups winners and runners-up of which qualified for the two final groups
1947-62 disbanded, restored in 1963
1963 Volga Kalinin (Russia)
SCA Odessa (Ukraine)
Lokomotivi Tbilisi (other republics)
Dinamo Kirov (Russia)
Lokomotyv Vinnytsia (Ukraine)
Dinamo Batumi(other republics)
three zones
1964 Rostselmash Rostov/Don (Russia)
Lokomotiv Vinnytsia (Ukraine)
Granitas Klapeida (other republics)
Terek Grozny (Russia)
SKA Kyiv (Ukraine)
Vostok Ust-Kamenogorsk (other republics)
three zones
1965 Spartak Nalchik (Russia)
SKA Lviv (Ukraine)
Dinamo Kirovabad (other republics)
Rubin Kazan (Russia)
SKA Kyiv (Ukraine)
Dinamo Baku (other republics)
three zones
1966 Lokomotiv Kaluga (Russia)
Avanhard Zhovti Vody (Ukraine)
Pamir Leninabad (Central Asia)
Meshakhte Tkibuli (other republics)
Spartak Orjonikidze (Russia)
Dynamo Khmelnytskyi (Ukraine)
Metallurg Chimkent (Central Asia)
Polad Sumgait (other republics)
four zones
1967 Dinamo Makhachkala (Russia)
Avtomobilist Zhytomyr (Ukraine)
Zarafshon Nawoyi (Central Asia)
Neman Hrodna (other republics)
Volga Ulyanovsk (Russia)
Khimik Severodonetsk (Ukraine)
Sverdlovets Tashkent Oblast (Central Asia)
Polad Sumgait (other republics)
four zones
1968 Mashuk Pyatigorsk (Russia)
Avanhard Ternopil (Ukraine)
Sverdlovets Tashkent Oblast (Central Asia)
Enbek Djezkazghan (Kazakhstan)
Kalinenets Sverdlovsk (Russia)
Bukovyna Chernivtsi (Ukraine)
Ak Altyn Andizhan Oblast (Central Asia)
ADK Alma‑Ata (Kazakhstan)
four zones
1969 Druzhba Maykop (Russia)
Spartak Ivano-Frankivsk (Ukraine)
Tashavtomash Tashkent (Central Asia)
Traktor Pavlodar (Kazakhstan)
Dila Gori (Georgia)
Saturn Rybinsk (Russia)
Shakhtar Horlivka (Ukraine)
Samarkand (Central Asia)
Tsementnik Semipalatinsk (Kazakhstan)
Guria Lanchkhuti (Georgia)
five zones
1970 Metalurh Zaporizhia
Shinnik Yaroslavl
Kuzbass Kemerevo
Tavriya Simferopol
Avtomobilist Nalchik
Spartak Yoshkar‑Ola
three zones
1971 Kryvbas Kryvyi Rih Iskra Smolensk six groups
1972 Spartak Ivano-Frankivsk Dinamo Riga seven groups
1973 Uralmash Sverdlovsk Tavriya Simferopol
Kuban Krasnodar
winners of seven groups play in final
1974 Alga Frunze Rubin Kazan
Metalist Kharkiv
six groups
1975 Terek Grozny Dinamo Riga
Stroitel Asgabat
six groups
1976 Dinamo Leningrad Kryvbas Kryvyi Rih
Uralmash Sverdlovsk
six groups
1977 Kuban Krasnodar Zalgiris Vilnuis
SCA Odessa
six groups
1978 FC Zvezda Perm Spartak Nalchik
Metalist Kharkiv
six groups
1979 Iskra Smolensk
Kolos Nikopol
Dinamo Stavropol
Guria Lanchkhuti
Sugdiyona Jizzakh
SKA Khabarovsk
Textilschik Ivanovo
SKA Kyiv
Rotor Volgograd
Lokomotivi Samtredia
Shakhrikhonchi Shakhrikhan
FC Shakhter
six groups, no final, six winners
1980 Spartak Kostroma
Traktor Pavlodar
CSKA Kyiv
Rotor Volgograd
Dynamo Samarqand
Khimik Hrodna
nine groups, three final groups
1981 Daugava Riga
Dinamo Kirov
Rotor Volgograd
Kotayk Abovyan
Kryvbas Kryvyi Rih
Textilschik Ivanovo
nine groups, three final groups
1982 Textilschik Ivanovo
Dnepr Mogilev
Kuzbass Kemerevo
Spartak Orjonikidze
Dynamo Samarqand
Shakhter
nine groups, three final groups
1983 Irtysh Omsk
Spartak Orjonikidze
Dinamo Batumi
Metallurg Lipetsk
Znamya Truda Orekhovo-Zuevo
Krylya Sovetov Kuybyshev
nine groups, three final groups
1984 Krylya Sovetov Kuybyshev
Kotayk Abovyan
Dinamo Stavropol
Nyva Vinnytsia
Geolog Tumen
Dynamo Samarqand
nine groups, three final groups
1985 Rostselmash Rostov/Don
Atlantas Klapeida
Iskra Smolensk
Tavriya Simferopol
FC Zvezda Perm
Meliorator Chimkent
nine groups, three final groups
1986 Krylya Sovetov Kuybyshev
Geolog Tumen
Zoria Voroshilovgrad
Kepez Kirovobad
Metallurg Lipetsk
Sokhibkor Khalkabad
nine groups, three final groups
1987 Tavriya Simferopol
FC Zvezda Perm
Kuban Krasnodar
Iskra Smolensk
Meliorator Chimkent
Nistru Chisinau
nine groups, three final groups
1988 Nistru Chisinau
Torpedo Kutaisi
Fakel Voronezh
Neftchi Fergona
Tsement Novorossiysk
Bukovyna Chernivtsi
nine groups, three final groups
1989 Lokomotiv Gorkiy
Textilschik Tiraspol
Dinamo Sukhumi
Irtysh Omsk
Volyn Lutsk
Neftchi Fergona
nine groups, three final groups
1990 Bukovyna Chernivtsi
Uralmash Sverdlovsk
Neftchi Fergona
Daugava Riga
Textilschik Kamyshyn
Novbakhor Namangan
three groups
1991 Karpaty Lviv
Asmaral Moscow
Okean Nakhodka
Zorya Luhansk
Krylya Sovetov Samara
Kopetdag Asgabat
three groups

See also[edit]

  • Ukrainian Zone - the Ukrainian Republican competitions of the Soviet Second League only, not including the interzonal tournaments.

References[edit]