Soviet aircraft carrier Novorossiysk
Novorossiysk in 1986
|Career (Soviet Union / Russia)|
|Builder:||Chernomorskiy yard, Nikolayev|
|Laid down:||30 September 1975|
|Launched:||26 December 1978|
|Commissioned:||14 September 1982|
|Class and type:||Kiev-class aircraft carrier|
|Displacement:||31,900 tons (standard)
43,220 tons (loaded)
|Length:||273.1 m (896 ft) overall|
|Beam:||51.3 m (168 ft) o/a
31 m (102 ft) w/l
|Draught:||9.3 metres (31 ft)|
|Propulsion:||4 shaft geared steam turbines, 140,000 shp|
|Speed:||32 knots (59 km/h)|
|Endurance:||13,500 nautical miles (25,000 km) at 18 knots (33 km/h)|
|Armament:||4 × twin SS-N-12 Sandbox SSM launchers (8 missiles),
2 × twin SA-N-3 Goblet SAM launchers (72 missiles), 2 × twin 76.2 mm AA guns, 8 × AK-630 30 mm CIWS,1 × twin SUW-N-1 FRAS Anti-Submarine Rocket launcher
|Aircraft carried:||12 Yak-38M fighter aircraft
20 Kamov Ka-25 or Kamov Ka-27 helicopters
Novorossiysk was a conventionally powered heavy aircraft carrying cruiser or aircraft carrier that served the Soviet Navy, and later the Russian Navy, from 1982 to 1993. She was the third Kiev-class vessel to be built. She was designed to engage in offensive actions as a guided missile cruiser mostly using her deck mounted missiles as well as support anti-submarine and surface actions with her embarked air group.
Novorossiysk was laid down at the former Soviet Black Sea Shipyard in Mykolaiv, Ukraine, on 30 September 1975, launched on 24 December 1978, commissioned on 12 September 1982, and decommissioned in June 1993. The third ship in her class she served in the Soviet Pacific Fleet.
In March 1985, Novorossiysk and escorting battle group departed the Sea of Japan, sailed to the south of Okinawa and then west across the Pacific. After approximately eight days, the ships turned and headed northwest toward the Kuril Islands, simulating an enemy carrier strike against the Soviet Union. As the Novorossiysk approached the islands, about 700 miles (1,100 km) east of Japan, Soviet Bear bombers flew reconnaissance missions near the battle group and helped vector some 20 Backfire bombers to their targets, practising the Soviet strategy of bomber launched anti-ship missile warfare. A U.S. Navy description of the Novorossisysk exercise notes that "The force was hit by simulated air strikes and probably by submarines firing torpedoes and cruise missiles from 1,120 km east of Japan, on 14 April. They came at it with submarines and aircraft--everything they had."
- Soviet battleship Novorossiysk (1949–1955), former Italian battleship Giulio Cesare
- List of aircraft carriers of Russia and the Soviet Union
- "Project 1143". Russian-ships.info. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- Chipman, Donald D. "The Transformation of Soviet Maritime Air Operations". Airpower (Summer 1990). Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- Toppan, Andrew (2003). "sci.military.naval FAQ, Part E - Aircraft Carriers". Hazegray.org. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- Toppan, Andrew (2003). "Haze Gray & Underway Photo Feature: Soviet & Russian Navy - Aviation Cruisers and Carriers". Hazegray.org. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Novorossiysk (ship, 1978).|