USS Albuquerque (PF-7)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Soviet frigate EK-14)
Jump to: navigation, search
For other ships of the same name, see USS Albuquerque.
USS Albuquerque (PF-7)
Career (United States)
Name: USS Albuquerque (PG-115)
Namesake: Albuquerque, New Mexico
Reclassified: PF-7, 15 April 1943
Builder: Kaiser Cargo, Inc., Richmond, California
Yard number: 50
Laid down: 20 July 1943
Launched: 14 September 1943
Sponsored by: Mrs. B. L. Livingstone
Commissioned: 20 December 1943
Decommissioned: 16 August 1945
Fate: Transferred to Soviet Navy 16 August 1945[1]
Acquired: Returned by Soviet Navy, 15 November 1949
Recommissioned: 3 October 1950
Decommissioned: 28 February 1953
Honors and
awards:
3 battle stars, Korean War
Fate: Transferred to Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, 30 November 1953
Struck: 1 December 1961
Acquired: Returned by Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, 9 July 1971
Fate: Findal disposition unknown
Career (Soviet Union)
Name: EK-14[2]
Acquired: 16 August 1945[1]
Commissioned: 16 August 1945[3]
Fate: Returned to United States, 15 November 1949
Career (Japan)
Name: JDS Tochi (PF-296)
Acquired: 30 November 1953
Renamed: YAC-15, 31 March 1965
Reclassified: Auxiliary stock craft (YAC), 31 March 1965
Decommissioned: 31 March 1969
Fate: Returned to United States, 9 July 1971
General characteristics
Class & type: Tacoma-class frigate
Displacement: 1,430 long tons (1,453 t) light
2,415 long tons (2,454 t) full
Length: 303 ft 11 in (92.63 m)
Beam: 37 ft 11 in (11.56 m)
Draft: 13 ft 8 in (4.17 m)
Propulsion: 2 × 5,500 shp (4,101 kW) vertical triple expansion engines/
3 boilers
2 shafts
Speed: 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)
Complement: 190
Armament: • 3 × 3"/50 caliber guns (3×1)
• 4 × 40 mm guns (2×2)
• 9 × 20 mm guns (9×1)
• 1 × Hedgehog anti-submarine mortar
• 8 × Y-gun depth charge projectors
• 2 × depth charge tracks

USS Albuquerque (PF-7), a Tacoma-class frigate in commission from 1943 to 1945 and from 1950 to 1953, was the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for Albuquerque, New Mexico. She also served in the Soviet Navy as EK-14 and in the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force as JDS Tochi (PF-296) and as YAC-15.

Construction and commissioning[edit]

Albuquerque, originally classified as a patrol gunboat and designated PG-115 but reclassified as a patrol frigate, PF-7, on 15 April 1943, was laid down under a Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 1425) on 20 July 1943 at the Kaiser Cargo, Inc., shipyard in Richmond, California. Launched on 14 September 1943, sponsored by Mrs. B. L. Livingstone, the ship was commissioned on 20 December 1943 with Lieutenant Commander Wayne L. Goff, USCG, in command.

Service history[edit]

U.S. Navy, World War II, 1943–1945[edit]

After fitting out and shakedown training, Albuquerque stood out from Treasure Island, California, on 24 March 1944 bound for Seattle, Washington. She arrived at Seattle on 26 March 1944 and remained there until getting underway on 5 April 1944 as an escort for an convoy bound for the Territory of Alaska. She and her convoy arrived at Dutch Harbor on Unalaska Island in the Aleutian Islands on 16 April 1944, where she was assigned to Escort Division 27. For the rest of 1944 and the first half of 1945, Albuquerque shepherded convoys between various Alaskan ports and conducted patrols around the Aleutian Islands and in the Bering Sea.

Between 5 June and 14 July 1945, Albuquerque made a round-trip voyage from Dutch Harbor to Seattle and back. Selected for transfer to the Soviet Navy in Project Hula – a secret program for the transfer of U.S. Navy ships to the Soviet Navy at Cold Bay, Alaska, in anticipation of the Soviet Union joining the war against Japan – she then proceeded to Cold Bay and began training her new Soviet crew.[4]

Soviet Navy, 1945–1949[edit]

Following the completion of training for her Soviet crew, Albuquerque was decommissioned on 16 August 1945 at Cold Bay and transferred to the Soviet Union under Lend-Lease immediately along with her sister ships USS Tacoma (PF-3), USS Sausalito (PF-4), USS Hoquiam (PF-5), USS Pasco (PF-6), and USS Everett (PF-8). Commissioned into the Soviet Navy immediately,[1][3] Albuquerque was designated as a storozhevoi korabl ("escort ship") and renamed EK-14[2] in Soviet service. She soon departed Cold Bay bound for Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky in the Soviet Union, where she served as a patrol vessel in the Soviet Far East.[4]

In February 1946, the United States began negotiations for the return of ships loaned to the Soviet Union for use during World War II. On 8 May 1947, United States Secretary of the Navy James V. Forrestal informed the United States Department of State that the United States Department of the Navy wanted 480 of the 585 combatant ships it had transferred to the Soviet Union for World War II use returned, EK-14 among them. Negotiations for the return of the ships were protracted, but on 15 November 1949 the Soviet Union finally returned EK-14 to the U.S. Navy at Yokosuka, Japan.[5]

U.S. Navy, Korean War, 1950–1953[edit]

Reverting to her former name, Albuquerque lay idle in the Pacific Reserve Fleet at Yokosuka until the outbreak of the Korean War on 25 June 1950 created a demand for more U.S. Navy escort ships. Following repairs and refurbishment, she was recommissioned at Yokosuka on 3 October 1950, with Lieutenant Commander Claude O. Lowe in command. For the next 10 months, she escorted convoys and conducted patrols between Yokosuka, Hong Kong, and Singapore. In August 1951, she operated between Yokosuka and Subic Bay on Luzon in the Philippine Islands. On 10 December 1951, she departed Yokosuka, stopped at Sasebo, Japan, and, on 15 September 1951, got underway from Sasebo for patrol and escort duty along the eastern coast of Korea. As a unit of Escort Division 5, Destroyer Flotilla 3, United States Pacific Fleet, she spent the rest of September 1951 and most of October 1951 operating along the Korean coast.

Albuquerque concluded that duty on 26 October 1951, when she departed Sasebo bound for Hong Kong. She arrived in at Hong Kong on 30 October 1951 and remained there, presumably in some sort of station ship status, until March 1952. On 6 March 1952, she stood out of Hong Kong, bound for Subic Bay in the Philippines. From Subic Bay, she headed back to Japan, returning to Sasebo on 16 May 1952. Based there, she resumed patrol and escort duties along the eastern coast of Korea. That assignment lasted for about six weeks. In July 1952, she again visited Subic Bay and, on 26 July 1952, arrived in Hong Kong. She once more made an extended visit to Hong Kong until finally departing in mid-November 1952. After a visit to Subic Bay, she returned to Sasebo on 3 December 1952 and resumed duty along the eastern coast of Korea. On 28 February 1953, she was decommissioned at Yokosuka.

Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, 1953–1968[edit]

On 30 November 1953, the United States loaned the ship to Japan, and she was commissioned in the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force as JDS Tochi (PF-16). The U.S. Navy struck her from the Navy List on 1 December 1961, but she was returned briefly to U.S. Navy custody on 28 August 1962 before the United States almost simultaneously transferred her back to Japan permanently. Reclassified as an "auxiliary stock craft" (YAC) and renamed YAC-15 on 31 March 1965, she was decommissioned on 31 March 1969 and returned to U.S. custody on 9 July 1971 for disposal. Her final disposition is unknown.[6]

Awards[edit]

The U.S. Navy awarded Albuquerque three battle stars for her Korean War service.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships Albuquerque I" article states that Albuquerque was transferred to the Soviet Navy on 17 August 1945, and NavSource Online: Frigate Photo Archive Albuquerque (PF 7) ex-PG-115 and hazegray.org Albuquerque repeat this date, but more recent research in Russell, Richard A., Project Hula: Secret Soviet-American Cooperation in the War Against Japan, Washington, D.C.: Naval Historical Center, 1997, ISBN 0-945274-35-1, p. 39, which includes access to Soviet-era records unavailable during the Cold War, reports that the transfer date was 16 August 1945. As sources, Russell cites Department of the Navy, Ships Data: U.S. Naval Vessels Volume II, 1 January 1949, (NAVSHIPS 250-012), Washington, DC: Bureau of Ships, 1949; and Berezhnoi, S. S., Flot SSSR: Korabli i suda lendliza: Spravochnik ("The Soviet Navy: Lend-Lease Ships and Vessels: A Reference"), St. Petersburg, Russia: Belen, 1994.
  2. ^ a b NavSource Online: Frigate Photo Archive Albuquerque (PF 7) ex-PG-115 asserts that Albuquerque was named EK-16 in Soviet Navy service without citing a source for this name, but Russell, Richard A., Project Hula: Secret Soviet-American Cooperation in the War Against Japan, Washington, D.C.: Naval Historical Center, 1997, ISBN 0-945274-35-1, p. 39, which includes access to Soviet-era records unavailable during the Cold War, reports that the ship's Soviet name was EK-14. As sources, Russell cites Department of the Navy, Ships Data: U.S. Naval Vessels Volume II, 1 January 1949, (NAVSHIPS 250-012), Washington, DC: Bureau of Ships, 1949; and Berezhnoi, S. S., Flot SSSR: Korabli i suda lendliza: Spravochnik ("The Soviet Navy: Lend-Lease Ships and Vessels: A Reference"), St. Petersburg, Russia: Belen, 1994.
  3. ^ a b According to Russell, Richard A., Project Hula: Secret Soviet-American Cooperation in the War Against Japan, Washington, D.C.: Naval Historical Center, 1997, ISBN 0-945274-35-1, which includes access to Soviet-era records unavailable during the Cold War, Project Hula ships were commissioned into the Soviet Navy simultaneously with their transfer from the U.S. Navy; see photo captions on p. 24 regarding the transfers of various large infantry landing craft (LCI(L)s) and information on p. 27 about the transfer of USS Coronado (PF-38), which Russell says typified the transfer process. As sources, Russell cites Department of the Navy, Ships Data: U.S. Naval Vessels Volume II, 1 January 1949, (NAVSHIPS 250-012), Washington, DC: Bureau of Ships, 1949; and Berezhnoi, S. S., Flot SSSR: Korabli i suda lendliza: Spravochnik ("The Soviet Navy: Lend-Lease Ships and Vessels: A Reference"), St. Petersburg, Russia: Belen, 1994.
  4. ^ a b Russell, Richard A., Project Hula: Secret Soviet-American Cooperation in the War Against Japan, Washington, D.C.: Naval Historical Center, 1997, ISBN 0-945274-35-1, p. 39.
  5. ^ Russell, Richard A., Project Hula: Secret Soviet-American Cooperation in the War Against Japan, Washington, D.C.: Naval Historical Center, 1997, ISBN 0-945274-35-1, pp. 37-38, 39.
  6. ^ NavSource Online: Frigate Photo Archive Albuquerque (PF 7) ex-PG-115

External links[edit]